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Algae Reference Libraries

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Kelp Forest
2013-04-19 19:29:03

Kelp forests are areas that are underwater with a high density of kelp. They’re recognized as one of the most dynamic and productive ecosystems on Earth. Smaller regions of anchored kelp are known as kelp beds. Kelp forests can be found worldwide throughout polar and temperate coastal oceans. In the year 2007, kelp forests were discovered in tropical waters near Ecuador as well. While...

Masked Spinefoot Siganus puellus
2013-03-15 12:10:27

The masked spinefoot, also called a decorated rabbitfish or masked rabbitfish, lives in shallow coral rich lagoons, and seaward reefs of the Indo-West Pacific, at depths of 10 to 100 feet. The body of the masked spinefoot is a yellow-orange that gradients into a pale blue or white belly. It also has vertical blue lines toward the head and horizontal lines near the tail. A black stripe...

Foxface Rabbitfish Siganus vulpinus
2013-02-17 07:58:30

Image Credit: Dr. Wayne Meadows (NOAA)/Wikipedia The foxface rabbitfish is found in coral rich lagoons, and reefs in the coastal water of the Western Pacific. Around the western Philippines, Indonesia, New Guinea, the Great Barrier Reef, New Caledonia, Caroline Islands, and the Marshall Islands. It has also been sighted around Vanuatu, Nauru, Kiribati, and recently Tonga. Adults usually...

Truncate Coralfish Chelmonops truncatus
2013-02-03 10:01:25

Image Caption: An Eastern Talma (Truncate Coralfish) at Fly Point, Port Stephens, NSW. Credit: Richard Ling/Wikipedia (CC BY-SA 2.0) The truncate coralfish is specifically found in the coastal waters of Australia at depths up to 230 feet, around rocky reefs that have an abundance of algae. This fish is a species of butterfly fish that is also called the Eastern Talma. In Southern...

Siderastreidae
2012-04-03 19:03:15

Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and...

Leaf Plate Montipora
2012-04-03 18:56:15

Leaf Plate Montipora, (Montipora capricornis), also known as Vase Coral, Cap Coral, or simply Montipora, is a species of stony coral found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is also found in reefs in the Red Sea. It usually inhabits the top half of the reef where photosynthesis can occur. It branches out from the foundation into an area with adequate sunlight. This species forms flat,...

Astrocoeniidae
2012-04-03 14:18:34

Astrocoeniidae is a family of stony corals endemic to the waters around Papua New Guinea and northern Australia. Their habitats are steep slopes where strong currents rise from below, in crevices and below overhangs. These are reef-building colonial corals containing an algae known as zooxanthallae. These algae typically encrust corals up to 20 inches in diameter. On reef slopes, where...

Alcyoniidae
2012-04-03 14:15:16

Alcyoniidae is a family of leathery corals that occur globally in temperate and tropical seas. These reef dwellers are often found in wave-exposed areas of reef crests, less turbid waters in lagoons, on steep slopes, under overhangs, and at depths of 100 feet and deeper. A colony of leathery coral is stiff, hard, and inflexible. It is composed of tiny polyps projecting from a shared...

Giant Salvinia Salvinia molesta
2008-06-15 19:39:07

Giant Salvinia (Salvinia molesta), also known as kariba weed after it infested a large portion of the reservoir of the same name, is an aquatic fern, native to south-eastern Brazil. It is a free floating plant that does not attach to the soil, but instead remains buoyant on the surface of a body of water. The fronds are .25 to 1.5 inches long and broad, with a bristly surface, and produced...

Yellow tang
2007-02-13 12:46:52

The Yellow tang (Zebrasoma flavescens), also called Pacific tang is a saltwater fish. It is one of the most popular aquarium fish. Appearance They are small fish, very thin, generally reaching about 3 to 5 in (7.5 to 12.5 cm) in length and height, and less than 1 in (1-2 cm) in thickness, and are bright yellow in color across their entire bodies. During the night their color fades. A...

Word of the Day
humgruffin
  • A terrible or repulsive person.
Regarding the etymology of 'humgruffin,' the OED says (rather unhelpfully) that it's a 'made-up word.' We might guess that 'hum' comes from 'humbug' or possibly 'hum' meaning 'a disagreeable smell,' while 'gruffin' could be a combination of 'gruff' and 'griffin.'