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Latest American Astronomical Society Stories

Rare Ultra-Blue Stars Among Hubble Andromeda Finds
2012-01-12 05:49:30

[ Watch the Video ] Images taken by the Hubble Space Telescope have revealed both a cluster of rare ultra-blue stars and a "double nucleus" of old, reddish stars orbiting a 100-million-solar-mass black hole at the nearby Andromeda spiral galaxy, NASA officials announced on Wednesday. The discoveries, detailed by the U.S. space agency in separate press releases, were also presented Wednesday at the American Astronomical Society (AAS) meeting in Austin, Texas. A paper detailing the Hubble...

Image 1 - Kepler Finds Two More Two-Sun Planets
2012-01-12 05:42:31

Astronomers announced the findings of two new circumbinary planets, or worlds that orbit two different stars, during the American Astronomical Society (AAS) meeting in Austin, Texas on Wednesday. The discovery, which was presented by San Diego State University (SDSU) Associate Professor Dr. William Welsh and published online in the journal Nature, used data from NASA's Kepler Mission to locate a pair of transiting circumbinary planet systems. The two worlds, which have been dubbed...

Galactic Brightness Helps Build Precision Model Of The Universe
2012-01-12 04:39:50

Berkeley Lab scientists and their Sloan Digital Sky Survey colleagues use galactic brightness to build a precision model of the cosmos Since 2000, the three Sloan Digital Sky Surveys (SDSS I, II, III) have surveyed well over a quarter of the night sky and produced the biggest color map of the universe in three dimensions ever. Now scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy´s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and their SDSS colleagues, working with DOE´s...

Image 1 - Kepler Finds Three Smallest Exoplanets
2012-01-12 04:24:07

Discovery may boost likelihood of existence of habitable planets A team of astronomers led by scientists at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) has discovered the three smallest confirmed planets ever detected outside our solar system. The three planets, which all orbit a single star, are smaller than Earth and appear to be rocky with a solid surface. Until now, astronomers have found at most only four other rocky planets, also called terrestrial planets, around other stars....

August Supernova Was A White Dwarf
2012-01-11 13:25:22

Fluke observation 4 hours after star exploded allows stronger limits on size of progenitor Last year's discovery of the nearest Type Ia supernova in decades — captured only 11 hours after it exploded — allowed astronomers to finally cinch the identity of the stars behind these explosions, which have become key measures of cosmic distance. That supernova, called SN2011fe, and presumably most Type Ia supernovae were originally white dwarfs extremely dense and compact stars...

ALMA Reveals Starving Galaxies
2012-01-11 13:06:43

Astronomers using the partially completed ALMA observatory have found compelling evidence for how star-forming galaxies evolve into 'red and dead' elliptical galaxies, catching a large group of galaxies right in the middle of this change. For years, astronomers have been developing a picture of galaxy evolution in which mergers between spiral galaxies could explain why nearby large elliptical galaxies have so few young stars. The theoretical picture is chaotic and violent: The merging...

Could A Two Sun System Support A Habitable Planet Or Moon?
2012-01-11 09:44:13

A team of University of Texas at Arlington (UTA) astrophysicists are suggesting that a habitable Earth-like planet could exist in a distant solar system recently discovered by NASA´s Kepler Space Telescope. Kepler-16b, a cold, gaseous planet orbiting two stars -- similar to the fictional Tatooine of Star Wars -- in the Kepler-16 system, was discovered by Kepler back in September. Based on the discovery, the UTA team conclude that an Earth-like planet could exist in the system´s...

Image 1 - Telescopes Pinpoint Black Hole's Outburst
2012-01-11 04:05:14

[ Watch the Video ] Using observations from NASA's Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) satellite and the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) radio telescope, an international team of astronomers has identified the moment when a black hole in our galaxy launched super-fast knots of gas into space. Racing outward at about one-quarter the speed of light, these "bullets" of ionized gas are thought to arise from a region located just outside the black hole's...

When Galaxy Clusters Collide
2012-01-10 15:18:03

A UC Davis graduate student who is leading a study of the collision of galaxy clusters 5 billion light years away discussed the team´s findings today, Jan. 10, in a press briefing at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society in Austin, Texas. “A galaxy cluster is like a little universe, because it has the same matter composition as the whole universe,” said William Dawson, a Ph.D. candidate in physics. “By studying this little universe, we can learn...

0486b4d373ac06a3c34ec1a542ccfef3
2011-05-26 14:33:32

Five billion years from now, our Milky Way galaxy will collide with the Andromeda galaxy. This will mark a moment of both destruction and creation. The galaxies will lose their separate identities as they merge into one. At the same time, cosmic clouds of gas and dust will smash together, triggering the birth of new stars. To understand our past and imagine our future, we must understand what happens when galaxies collide. But since galaxy collisions take place over millions to billions of...


Latest American Astronomical Society Reference Libraries

The Astronomical Journal
2012-05-08 15:08:15

The Astronomical Journal (AJ) is a peer-reviewed scientific journal ran by the American Astronomical Society and published monthly by the Institute of Physics Publishing. It is one of the premier astronomy journals in the world. It was published by the University of Chicago Press until 2008. The society also owns the Astrophysical Journal. The journal was established in 1849 by Benjamin A. Gould. In 1861, publication was ceased due to the American Civil War. It went unpublished until 1885....

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Word of the Day
omphalos
  • The navel or umbilicus.
  • In Greek archaeology: A central boss, as on a shield, a bowl, etc.
  • A sacred stone in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, believed by the Greeks to mark the 'navel' or exact center-point of the earth.
'Omphalos' comes from the ancient Greek.
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