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Latest American Institute of Physics Stories

2014-04-24 10:56:34

Successful companies founded by physicists often break the Silicon Valley model, according to new American Institute of Physics report For much of the 20th century, many of the technological innovations that drove U.S. economic growth emerged from "idea factories" housed within large companies -- research units like Bell Labs or Xerox PARC that developed everything from the transistor to the computer mouse. In recent decades, however, many large high-tech companies have eliminated...

2014-04-01 12:26:08

Simulation in the "Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy" provides new insight into best arrangement of wind turbines on large installations WASHINGTON, April 1, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- As wind farms grow in importance across the globe as sources of clean, renewable energy, one key consideration in their construction is their physical design -- spacing and orienting individual turbines to maximize their efficiency and minimize any "wake effects," where the swooping...

New Findings Could Lead To Novel Diagnostic Tests And Treatments For Male Infertility
2014-02-19 10:38:25

American Institute of Physics To better understand the causes of male infertility, a team of Bay Area researchers is exploring the factors, both physiological and biochemical, that differentiate fertile sperm from infertile sperm. At the 58th Annual Biophysical Society Meeting, which takes place Feb. 15-19, 2014, in San Francisco, Calif., the team will present its work to identify and characterize proteins known as ion channels, which are crucial for sperm fertility and expressed within a...

2014-01-20 09:41:00

Researchers study the properties of a novel material, described in the journal 'AIP Advances,' that could help build high heat-tolerant supercapacitors The capacitors of electronic circuits function something like batteries – storing electrical charge that can be quickly dumped to power devices like camera flashes. So-called "supercapacitors" take the energy-storing abilities of capacitors a step further, storing a far greater charge in a much smaller package. In a paper published in...

2014-01-15 12:20:52

American Institute of Physics and American Astronomical Society jointly honor researcher who helped illuminate the physics of the early universe WASHINGTON, Jan. 15, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The American Institute of Physics (AIP) and the American Astronomical Society (AAS) are pleased to announce that astrophysicist Piero Madau has been selected as the 2014 recipient of the Dannie Heineman Prize for Astrophysics, which is given annually to recognize outstanding work in the...

High-speed Photography Provides First Direct Evidence Of How Microbubbles Dissolve Killer Blood Clots
2013-12-14 07:23:21

American Institute of Physics Ultrasound-stimulated microbubbles have been showing promise in recent years as a non-invasive way to break up dangerous blood clots. But though many researchers have studied the effectiveness of this technique, not much was understood about why it works. Now a team of researchers in Toronto has collected the first direct evidence showing how these wiggling microbubbles cause a blood clot's demise. The team's findings are featured in the AIP Publishing journal...

Huge Grains Of Copper Promote Better Graphene Growth
2013-12-06 14:35:14

American Institute of Physics To technology insiders, graphene is a certified big deal. The one-atom thick carbon-based material elicits rhapsodic descriptions as the strongest, thinnest material known. It also is light, flexible, and able to conduct electricity as well as copper. Graphene-based electronics promise advances such as faster internet speeds, cheaper solar cells, novel sensors, space suits spun from graphene yarn, and more. Now a research team at the National Institute of...

New Thermoelectronic Generator Converts Heat And Solar Energy Into Electricity
2013-12-03 16:09:29

American Institute of Physics Through a process known as thermionic conversion, heat energy -- such as light from the sun or heat from burned fossil fuels -- can be converted into electricity with very high efficiency. Because of its promise, researchers have been trying for more than half a century to develop a practical thermionic generator, with little luck. That luck may soon change, thanks to a new design -- dubbed a thermoelectronic generator -- described in AIP Publishing's Journal...

2013-11-20 10:22:29

American Institute of Physics The ever-increasing market for portable electronic devices such as laptops, cell phones and MP3 players has resulted in an equally heavy demand for secondary batteries -- more commonly known as rechargeable batteries -- Lithium-ion (Li-ion) being among the most popular. Scientists and engineers worldwide are seeking ways to improve the power density, durability and overall performance of Lithium-ion batteries, and in a recent paper in the AIP Publishing...


Word of the Day
snash
  • To talk saucily.
  • Insolent, opprobrious language; impertinent abuse.
This word is Scots in origin and probably imitative.