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Latest American Thoracic Society Stories

2011-05-18 14:18:29

Children whose mothers or grandmothers smoked during pregnancy are at increased risk of asthma in childhood, but the underlying causes of this are not well understood. Now a new study indicates changes in a process called DNA methylation that occurs before birth may be a root cause. The study will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference. DNA methylation is a process that can alter a gene's usual function. These altered genes can be passed along from parent to child. In this...

2011-05-18 13:51:35

A Wednesday morning session will explore the inhalational exposures and respiratory outcomes of military deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan. Presenters will review current knowledge on complex inhalational exposures, epidemiologic studies, animal toxicology studies, and clinical lung findings in U.S. military men and women who are returning from Southwest Asia. D6 "Occupational Lung Diseases in U.S. Military Personnel Deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan" will take place from 8:15 to 10:45 a.m....

2011-05-18 00:11:24

A new study links the intermittent interruption of breathing that occurs in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) to enhanced proliferation of melanoma cancer cells and increased tumor growth in mice, according to researchers in Spain. The study also found tumor cells of OSA mouse models tended to contain more dead cells, indicating a more aggressive type of cancer. The results of the study will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference in Denver. "To our knowledge, this...

2011-05-17 13:16:57

Workplace smoking bans are gaining ground globally, and one study has shown that they may have significant health effects. The study, conducted by researchers in Dublin, found that emergency room admissions due to respiratory illness dropped significantly in Ireland after the implementation of a workplace smoking ban, compared to admissions that took place before the ban went into effect. The study will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference in Denver. The nationwide workplace...

2011-05-17 13:16:02

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are more likely to increase physical activity on a day-to-day basis when exercises classes are combined with a confidence-building program, according to researchers from Michigan and Illinois. Those improvements, however, are only short-term and patients return to their original levels of activity once the confidence-building program ends, the study found. The results of the study will be presented at the ATS 2011 International...

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2011-05-17 09:26:05

According to a new study conducted by researchers in Connecticut, the Wii Fitâ“ž¢ offers patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) an effective workout "“ and one that, because it is enjoyable, patients are more likely to use. "Our study showed that COPD patients exercised at a relatively high percent of their maximum during three to five minutes of specified Wii Fitâ“ž¢exercises, indicating the...

2011-05-16 21:58:17

A traditional Chinese herbal paste known as Xiao Chuan, or XCP, may help reduce winter exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a new study conducted by researchers in Beijing. The paste has been used to treat breathing difficulties in China for more than a thousand years. The study results will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference in Denver. "We had performed observational studies of XCP which had shown the paste decreased the frequency of...

2011-05-16 21:56:56

The antibiotic linezolid may be more effective than vancomycin in treating ventilated patients who develop methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) pneumonia as a result of their ventilation, according to a study conducted globally by American and French researchers. The study will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference in Denver. "At the end of the treatment period in this study, linezolid offered statistically significant higher rates of clinical and microbiologic...

2011-05-16 21:55:50

African-American children are more likely to report previous emergency room visits, hospitalizations and need for intensive care unit (ICU) management for asthma than Caucasian children on their first visit to an asthma specialist, according to a study conducted by researchers at Johns Hopkins University. The study also indicated that African-American children have poorer lung function at their initial visit to an asthma specialist than their Caucasian counterparts. The study will be...

2011-05-16 21:54:48

Waiting to seek emergency medical care for asthma exacerbations can result in worse outcomes, including hospitalization, according to a study conducted by researchers from New York. Patients who delay regular medical care also were sicker when finally seen by a doctor than patients who sought care when asthma exacerbations first occurred. The study will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference in Denver. "An important aspect of managing asthma is for patients to realize when they...


Word of the Day
vermicular
  • Like a worm in form or movement; vermiform; tortuous or sinuous; also, writhing or wriggling.
  • Like the track or trace of a worm; appearing as if worm-eaten; vermiculate.
  • Marked with fine, close-set, wavy or tortuous lines of color; vermiculated.
  • A form of rusticated masonry which is so wrought as to appear thickly indented with worm-tracks.
This word ultimately comes from the Latin 'vermis,' worm.
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