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Latest American Thoracic Society Stories

2011-05-16 20:57:07

Concern over vaccine safety is one of the primary factors preventing parents from having their asthmatic children vaccinated for influenza, or flu, according to Michigan researchers. Parents who do not vaccinate their children are also less likely to view flu as a"trigger" for their child's asthma, the researchers noted. The study will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference in Denver. "When school starts in the fall, and during the winter season, many parents start dreading the...

2011-05-16 20:54:59

An impaired ability to handle oxidative stress that arises from exposure to secondhand smoke and other environmental triggers may contribute to the development of asthma, according to results obtained from the Shanghai Women's Health Asthma and Allergy Study. The results of the study suggest regulating the body's antioxidant defense system may play an important role in asthma prevention. The study will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference. "We found that the host antioxidant...

2011-05-16 20:52:17

A miniature, easy-to-carry ventilation system with a simple nasal mask may help patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) become more active, according to research conducted at medical centers in California and Utah. The compact design offers an attractive alternative to currently available larger, less comfortableventilators and masks. The results of the study will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference in Denver. "The results from this study suggest that...

2011-05-16 19:31:12

Inhaling small amounts of hydrogen in addition to concentrated oxygen may help stem the damage to lung tissue that can occur when critically ill patients are given oxygen for long periods of time, according to a rat model study conducted by researchers in Pittsburgh. The study also found hydrogen initiates activation of heme-oxygenase (HO-1), an enzyme that protects lung cells. The results will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference in Denver. "We found that inhalation of...

2011-05-16 19:29:46

Surrogate decision-makers faced with the difficult task of overseeing loved ones' medical care may find help thanks to a new decision aid aimed at patients with prolonged mechanical ventilation. According to a study conducted by researchers in North Carolina, Pennsylvania and Washington who developed and tested the aid, surrogates reported the aid significantly improved the often daunting decision-making process. The study results will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference in...

2011-05-16 19:27:32

Researchers at the University of Chicago Medical Center attempting to identify the vital signs that best predict those hospitalized patients at greatest risk for cardiac arrest found that a composite index used in some hospitals to activate a rapid response team and by emergency room physicians to assess the likelihood of a patient dying was a better predictor of cardiac arrest than any single vital sign. However, because the composite index known as Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS)...

2011-05-16 17:15:45

Telemonitoring may offer promise for patients in remote locations without access to specially trained intensive care physicians. However, a recent study indicates telemonitoring does not offer improved clinical outcomes compared to patients who receive standard care. The study will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference in Denver. "In a meta-analysis including over 40,000 critically ill patients, we found no statistically significant difference in hospital mortality between...

2011-05-16 17:00:42

Sleep problems among urban minority children, including resistance to going to bed, shortened sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness are much more common than previously thought, according to a study conducted by researchers in New York. The results of the study will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference in Denver. "Although studies have shown that children from minority populations take more daytime naps and have shorter nighttime sleep durations than their non-minority...

2011-05-16 16:43:37

Clinicians consistently fall short in discussing end-of-life care with patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), according to a study completed by researchers in Washington. The study focused on the communication skills of staff physicians, physician trainees and advanced practice nurses. Results of the study will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference in Denver. Although previous studies have shown that patients and healthcare systems benefit when clinicians...

2011-05-16 16:40:47

Although so-called clot-busting drugs are commonly used in the treatment of some patients with blood clots in the lungs, a new study conducted by researchers in Spain and the U.S. indicates the agents do not appear to be any more effective than traditional blood thinners for the majority of these patients. Clot-busters, or thrombolytic agents, also appear to increase the risk of death in patients with normal blood pressure. The study will be presented at the ATS 2011 International Conference...


Word of the Day
bodacious
  • Remarkable; prodigious.
  • Audacious; gutsy.
  • Completely; extremely.
  • Audaciously; boldly.
  • Impressively great in size; enormous; extraordinary.
This word is probably from the dialectal 'boldacious,' a blend of 'bold' and 'audacious.'
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