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Americas Reference Libraries

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Amazon Rainforest
2009-07-02 22:38:33

The Amazon Rainforest (known as Floresta Amazônica or Amazônia in Portuguese, and Selva Amazónica or Amazonia in Spanish), also known as Amazonia, or the Amazon Jungle, is a moist broadleaf forest that covers almost all of the Amazon Basin in South America. The basin consists of 1.7 billion acres, of which 1.4 billion acres is rainforest. This rainforest covers nine nations (Brazil,...

Cane Bluestem Bothriochloa barbinodis
2009-04-28 13:12:53

Commonly known as Cane Bluestem, Bothriochloa barbinodis is a grass species native to the Americas. It is indigenous to the southern United States as well as South and Central America and Mexico. Booming perennially, the species grows in tufts from 2 to 4 feet in height. The stems are similar in color to wheat and have intermittent nodules adorned with wispy hairs. The leaves are 8 to 11...

Long-wattled Umbrellabird
2009-04-07 13:54:52

The Long-wattled Umbrellabird (Cephalopterus penduliger) is a species of bird found in western Colombia and Ecuador. Its habitat is the humid forests. It is sensitive to habitat destruction, and because of its large size it is easy to hunt. Only a few populations live within protected areas and it is considered vulnerable. The male has a long, inflatable wattle on the neck that can be up to...

American Sole
2007-02-13 13:04:27

The American soles are a family (Achiridae) of flatfish occurring in both freshwater and marine environments of the Americas. The family includes about 28 species in nine genera. These are closely related to the soles (Soleidae), and have been classified as a subfamily of it, but achirids have a number of distinct characteristics. Eyes are on the right side, and the eyed-side lower lip has a...

Kodkod
2007-01-19 13:12:30

The kodkod (Oncifelis guigna), also known as Guiña, is the smallest felid in the Americas and is found only in Chile and Argentina. Little is known about this species because they are extremely rare. The usual size of a kodkod is 4 to 6 lb (2.2 kg). Its base coat ranges from yellow-brown to reddish-brown and has dark spots, but completely black cats are not rare. It lives in evergreen...

Leaf-nosed bat
2007-01-19 12:02:49

The leaf-nosed bats, family Phyllostomidae, are ecologically the most varied and diverse group within the whole order Chiroptera. Phyllostomid bats include within their number true predatory species. They take vertebrate prey including small Dove -sized birds. One example is the False Vampire, the largest bat in the Americas. Members of this family have evolved to utilize food groups. These...

Jabiru
2006-08-26 19:39:03

The Jabiru, Jabiru mycteria, is a large stork found in the Americas from Mexico to Argentina, except west to the Andes. It is the only member of the genus Jabiru. Although the Asian Black-necked Stork and the Saddle-billed Stork have been referred to as "Jabiru", it is not of the same species as the American Jabiru. The adult Jabiru is about 45 inches tall and has a wingspan of 102 inches....

Swainsons Thrush
2006-07-15 11:51:51

The Swainson's Thrush, (Catharus osculates), is a medium-sized thrush. There are four recognized subspecies of Swainson's Thrush. Their breeding habitat is coniferous woods with dense undergrowth across Canada, Alaska and the northern United States, also deciduous wooded areas on the Pacific coast of North America. These birds migrate to southern Mexico and as far south as Argentina....

Darter
2006-02-21 19:08:38

Darters (also called snake birds) are water birds with very long necks and long, straight beaks. They often swim with only the neck above water, and are specialist fish-eaters. Depending on the authority, there are either two or four closely-related species sharing very similar behavior and habitat in the darter family (Anhingidae). The Anhinga of the Americas (Anhinga anhinga) is clearly a...

Heliconiinae
2005-07-13 08:53:12

The Heliconiinae or Heliconians are a subfamily of butterflies. They are found mostly in the tropical Americas. The species broadcast their toxicity with strong warning colors. Species include Isabella's Heliconian Zebra Heliconian or Zebra Longwing

Word of the Day
plim
  • To swell, as grain or wood with water.
The word 'plim' is probably a variant of the word 'plum'.
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