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Latest Animal anatomy Stories

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2010-03-11 14:47:10

In most animal species, males and females show obvious differences in body size. But how can this be, given that both sexes share the same genes governing their growth? University of Arizona entomologists studied this conundrum in moths and found clues that had been overlooked by previous efforts to explain this mystery of nature. Take a look around in the animal world and you will find that, in most organisms, individuals of one sex are larger than the other of the species. Even though...

2010-03-04 16:50:12

Iron atoms convey mussel fibers with a robust but stretchy covering We may like to eat mussels steamed in white wine, but we also like to find mussels at the beach. Mostly they are burrowed into the ground or tethered to rocks. But if you look closer you will find a mollusc which has adapted to life and nutrition in a special and fascinating way. Mussels thrive in rocky seashore habitats, in spite of the enormous physical demands present there. This is in no small part due to the evolution of...

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2010-02-26 08:50:00

Several genes affect tooth development in the first year of life, according to the findings of a study conducted at Imperial College London, the University of Bristol in the UK and the University of Oulu in Finland. The research, published February 26 in the open-access journal PLoS Genetics, shows that the teeth of babies with certain genetic variants tend to appear later and that these children have a lower number of teeth by age one. Additionally, those children whose teeth develop later...

2010-02-05 14:01:35

Ancient human teeth are telling secrets that may relate to modern-day health: Some stressful events that occurred early in development are linked to shorter life spans. "Prehistoric remains are providing strong, physical evidence that people who acquired tooth enamel defects while in the womb or early childhood tended to die earlier, even if they survived to adulthood," says Emory University anthropologist George Armelagos. Armelagos led a systematic review of defects in teeth enamel and...

759b4cbb25935c91cc199595c108020a1
2010-01-20 10:56:37

Deep within the Kairei Indian hydrothermal vent field, two-and-one-half miles below the central Indian Ocean, scientists have discovered a gastropod mollusk, whose armor could improve load-bearing and protective materials in everything from aircraft hulls to sports equipment. Researchers at the National Science Foundation-supported Materials Research Science and Engineering Center at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology are studying the mollusk's physical and mechanical properties. A...

49c1908584d974f2203769ecf54b8f8f1
2010-01-07 12:00:58

The teeth of a 30,000-year-old child are shedding new light on the evolution of modern humans, thanks to research from the University of Bristol published this week in PNAS. The teeth are part of the remarkably complete remains of a child found in the Abrigo do Lagar Velho, Portugal and excavated in 1998-9 under the leadership of Professor João Zilhão of the University of Bristol.  Classified as a modern human with Neanderthal ancestry, the child...

2009-12-28 13:26:20

The vomeronasal organ (VNO) is an odor detection system that mediates many pheromone-sensitive behaviors. Vomeronasal sensory neurons (VSNs), located in the VNO, are the initial site of interaction with odors and pheromones. How an individual VSN transduces chemical signals into electrical signals, however, has been a mystery. In the January 2010 issue of the Journal of General Physiology (www.jgp.org), researchers from the University of Vermont show that a Ca 2+ -activated chloride current...

b6aabfcc0edbfa6309b04eba4b8a81da1
2009-12-17 10:10:00

The teeth of some apes are formed primarily to handle the most stressful times when food is scarce, according to new research performed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The findings imply that if humanity is serious about protecting its close evolutionary cousins, the food apes eat during these tough periods"”and where they find it"”must be included in conservation efforts. The interdisciplinary team, which brought together anthropologists from George...

2009-12-03 22:19:47

Discovery offers opportunity to develop new environmentally safe ways to control pests A team of University of Minnesota researchers have discovered how PTTH, a hormone produced by the brain, controls the metamorphosis of juvenile insects into adults. The finding, published in the Dec. 4 issue of Science, will help scientists understand how insect body size is programmed in response to developmental and environmental cues and offers the opportunity to develop a new generation of more...

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2009-11-13 09:23:56

Coral reefs support some of the most diverse ecosystems on the planet, yet they thrive in a marine desert. So how do reefs sustain their thriving populations? Marine biologist Fleur Van Duyl from the Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research is fascinated by the energy budgets that support coral reefs in this impoverished environment. According to van Duyl's former student, Jasper De Goeij, Halisarca caerulea sponges grow in the deep dark cavities beneath reefs, and 90% of their diet is...


Latest Animal anatomy Reference Libraries

Atlantic Fire Ascidian, Pyrosoma atlanticum
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Pyrosoma atlanticum is a species of colonial tunicate found in temperate waters worldwide, usually between 50°N and 50°S. It is most plentiful at depths below 800 feet. It is found in colonies that are pelagic and move throughout the water column. In the evening the colony will move closer to the surface and descend back by dawn. Large colonies can rise and descend more than 2,500 feet in a single day. A colony of this species is cylindrical and can grow up to 2 feet long and 2.5 inches...

66_cd4d17d5233e06cef9f6342c33ac5c13
2009-10-16 17:56:55

Heterodontosaurus, meaning "different toothed lizard", is a genus of dinosaur from the Early Jurassic Period of what is now South Africa. The type species, H. tucki, was found in the Upper Elliot Formation of the Hettangian age (199 to 196 million years ago). Two species are known. This herbivorous dinosaur ate mostly plants despite having canines. It was a small ornithischian reaching a total length of 3 feet. It had a long, narrow pelvic bone which was like more advanced ornithischians....

42_be9d0558b2d26ba025fc2ee6fb5b097d
2007-10-24 12:34:20

The Giant Pangolin (Manis gigantea), is a species of pangolin. The Giant Pangolin inhabits Africa with a range stretching along the Equator from West Africa to Uganda. It is found mainly in savanna, rainforest, and forest, where there is a large termite population and available water. It does not inhabit high altitude areas. The Giant Pangolin is the largest species of pangolin (scaly anteaters). It belongs to the Manidae family. It was first described by Johann Karl Wilhelm Illiger in 1815....

41_b202465c7a50820c07c40126e8cabd2e
2007-03-19 15:27:17

The Southern Alligator Lizard, Elgaria multicarinata, is a lizard native to the Pacific coast of North America. It is common throughout Southern California and can be found in both grasslands and urban areas. Several subspecies can be distinguished, including the San Diego alligator lizard. It has a prehensile tail up to twice the length of its body. Like many lizards, however, it can drop its tail if attacked, possibly giving it a chance to flee; the tail will regenerate, but will never...

39_83f48105ed71d71662a9eaee4c6221f5
2007-03-19 14:41:22

The Triplewart seadevil, Cryptopsaras couesii, is a seadevil of the family Ceratiidae, found in all oceans, from the surface to 1.24 mi (2,000 m). Its length is approximately 11.81 in (30 cm). The Triplewart seadevil is one of the most abundant of the deepwater anglerfish. These fish have round flabby bodies with a soft fibrous skeleton and a scaleless prickly skin. Like most other deepwater anglerfishes this fish has small eyes, no pelvic fins and is colored black. It has a large...

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Word of the Day
cock-a-hoop
  • Exultant; jubilant; triumphant; on the high horse.
  • Tipsy; slightly intoxicated.
This word may come from the phrase 'to set cock on hoop,' or 'to drink festively.' Its origin otherwise is unclear. A theory, according to the Word Detective, is that it's a 'transliteration of the French phrase 'coq a huppe,' meaning a rooster displaying its crest ('huppe') in a pose of proud defiance.' Therefore, 'cock-a-hoop' would 'liken a drunken man to a boastful and aggressive rooster.'
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