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Latest Animal diseases Stories

Biodiversity May Not Reduce Disease Despite Popular Theory
2013-03-21 09:44:40

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Despite the predictions of a popular theory, maintaining biodiversity in an ecosystem does not necessarily reduce the transmission of diseases from animals to humans, say researchers from the Stanford University Woods Institute for the Environment. Writing in the journal Ecology Letters, co-authors James Holland Jones and Dan Salkeld challenge what is known as the dilution effect — a widely held hypothesis claiming that the...

White Nose Syndrome Detected Earlier In Bats Thanks To Better DNA Analysis
2013-03-14 08:15:02

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers studying White Nose Syndrome (WNS) identified a fungus called Geomyces destructans as the cause of the devastating disease, but until now have been unable to detect it without finding dead or dying bats. New research by a team of US Forest Service scientists and partners has identified additional species of Geomyces. The study, published in the journal Mycologia, describes the development of a highly sensitive...

2013-03-06 10:28:05

A simple new method better assesses the risks posed by emerging zoonotic viruses (those transmissible from animals to humans), according to a study published in PLOS Medicine this week. Dr. Simon Cauchemez and colleagues from Imperial College London in the UK and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in the US show that the new tool can produce transmissibility estimates for swine flu (the H3N2v-M virus), allowing researchers to better evaluate the possible pandemic threat posed by...

Diamond Light Source Opens New Laboratory
2013-02-19 04:57:00

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Diamond Light Source, the United Kingdom's national synchrotron facility, will be helping scientists shine a little more light on serious viruses, such as those responsible for AIDS, with its new laboratory, Crystal. The new laboratory uses intense X-rays to help reveal the molecular and atomic structure of objects and materials, helping scientists to see the inner workings of pathogens and infections. "Crystal provides unique...

2013-02-15 11:17:36

Current Research Uses Smart Surveillance to Rapidly Identify Emerging Disease Threats EcoHealth Alliance, the nonprofit organization that focuses on local conservation and global health issues, announced new research focused on the rapid identification of disease outbreaks in the peer reviewed publication, Journal of the Royal Society Interface.  The article, authored by leading scientists in the fields of emerging disease ecology, biomathematics, computational biology and...

2013-01-17 13:47:34

EcoHealth Alliance Finds Evidence for Ebola Virus Infection in Fruit Bats in South Asia EcoHealth Alliance, a nonprofit organization that focuses on local conservation and global health issues, released new research on Ebola virus in fruit bats in the peer reviewed journal, Emerging Infectious Diseases, a monthly publication by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The study found Ebola virus antibodies circulating in ~4% of the 276 bats scientists screened in...

2013-01-14 11:33:32

IFIT antiviral protein recognizes foreign RNA and blocks viral infections Researchers at McGill University and the Research Center for Molecular Medicine (CeMM) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences have discovered the molecular blueprint behind the IFIT protein. This key protein enables the human immune system to detect viruses and prevent infection by acting as foot soldiers guarding the body against infection. They recognize foreign viral ribonucleic acid (RNA) produced by the virus and...

New Public Health Challenge Created By Emerging Vector-Borne Diseases
2012-11-30 16:54:18

National Science Foundation Land-use change, globalization of trade and travel, and social upheaval drive emergence of diseases Human activities are advancing the spread of vector-borne, zoonotic diseases such as West Nile virus, Lyme disease and dengue fever, report scientists publishing a series of papers today in the journal The Lancet. Vector-borne zoonotic diseases result from disease-causing agents or pathogens that naturally infect wildlife, and are transmitted to humans by...


Latest Animal diseases Reference Libraries

Eye-worm, Loa loa
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The eye-worm (Loa loa) is a species of roundworm within the Nematoda phylum. It can be found in India and Africa, among other areas. This species causes a disease known as Loa loa filariasis and is one of three species that can cause subcutaneous filariasis in humans. Females are larger than males, reaching an average body length of up to 2.7 inches, with males reaching an average body length of up to 1.3 inches. The first stage of life for the eye-worm begins when an adult worm, which is...

Common Liver Fluke, Fasciola hepatica
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The common liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica), also known as the sheep liver fluke, is a parasitic flatworm in the Trematoda class. This species can infect sheep, cattle, humans, and other animals across the world. This species is one of the largest of its kind, reaching an average body length of 1.1 inches, with a width of up to .5 inches. This species is shaped like a worm and is typically wider at the front end, although some individuals have wider back ends. The front end holds a cone like...

Dog Roundworm, Toxocara canis
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The dog roundworm (Toxocara canis) is a species of parasitic worm that infects canid species. It is yellowish white in color and can reach an average length between 3.5 and 7 inches, with females typically growing large than males. The dog roundworm can be transmitted in four different ways. The most common form of transmission occurs when an egg containing second stage larvae is released onto the ground in feces. Once the egg has been ingested, it will move through the small intestines...

Feline Roundworm, Toxocara cati
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The Feline Roundworm (Toxocara cati) is a species of parasitic nematode widely distributed through cats and other felids. It is one of the most common nematode of cats. The adult worm is localized in the gut of the host. In adult cats, infection is typically asymptomatic, meaning there are no symptoms. However, massive infection in juvenile cats can be fatal. The adult feline roundworm may be brownish-yellow to cream colored to pink and may be up to 4 inches in length. It has a short, wide...

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2011-02-23 17:16:23

Phocine distemper virus (PDV) is a pathogenic for pinniped species such as seals. Signs include labored breathing, fever, and nervous symptoms. It was first identified in 1988 as the cause of death of 18,000 harbour seals along the northern European coast. A PDV epidemic occurred again in 2002 along the North Sea coast resulted in the deaths of 21,700 seals. Numerous carnivorous mammal species in Canada have been found to have antibodies to PDV and CDV which shows that the virus spreads to...

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Word of the Day
vermicular
  • Like a worm in form or movement; vermiform; tortuous or sinuous; also, writhing or wriggling.
  • Like the track or trace of a worm; appearing as if worm-eaten; vermiculate.
  • Marked with fine, close-set, wavy or tortuous lines of color; vermiculated.
  • A form of rusticated masonry which is so wrought as to appear thickly indented with worm-tracks.
This word ultimately comes from the Latin 'vermis,' worm.
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