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Last updated on April 17, 2014 at 1:21 EDT

Animal diseases Reference Libraries

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Eye-worm Loa loa
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The eye-worm (Loa loa) is a species of roundworm within the Nematoda phylum. It can be found in India and Africa, among other areas. This species causes a disease known as Loa loa filariasis and is one of three species that can cause subcutaneous filariasis in humans. Females are larger than males, reaching an average body length of up to 2.7 inches, with males reaching an average body length...

Common Liver Fluke Fasciola hepatica
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The common liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica), also known as the sheep liver fluke, is a parasitic flatworm in the Trematoda class. This species can infect sheep, cattle, humans, and other animals across the world. This species is one of the largest of its kind, reaching an average body length of 1.1 inches, with a width of up to .5 inches. This species is shaped like a worm and is typically wider...

Dog Roundworm Toxocara canis
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The dog roundworm (Toxocara canis) is a species of parasitic worm that infects canid species. It is yellowish white in color and can reach an average length between 3.5 and 7 inches, with females typically growing large than males. The dog roundworm can be transmitted in four different ways. The most common form of transmission occurs when an egg containing second stage larvae is released...

Feline Roundworm Toxocara cati
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The Feline Roundworm (Toxocara cati) is a species of parasitic nematode widely distributed through cats and other felids. It is one of the most common nematode of cats. The adult worm is localized in the gut of the host. In adult cats, infection is typically asymptomatic, meaning there are no symptoms. However, massive infection in juvenile cats can be fatal. The adult feline roundworm may...

Phocine distemper virus
2011-02-23 17:16:23

Phocine distemper virus (PDV) is a pathogenic for pinniped species such as seals. Signs include labored breathing, fever, and nervous symptoms. It was first identified in 1988 as the cause of death of 18,000 harbour seals along the northern European coast. A PDV epidemic occurred again in 2002 along the North Sea coast resulted in the deaths of 21,700 seals. Numerous carnivorous mammal species...

Cottontail Rabbit Papilloma Virus
2011-02-22 18:15:54

The cottontail rabbit papilloma virus (CRPV), is a type I virus under the Baltimore scheme and posses a non-segmented dsDNA genome. It infects rabbits by causing keratinous carcinomas usually near the animal's head. These tumors eventually interfere with the host's ability to eat and can lead to starvation. The virus provided the first mammalian model of a cancer caused by a virus. The name...

Orf
2011-01-12 16:45:59

Orf, an exanthemous disease, is caused by a parapox virus primarily occurring in sheep and goats. It has many other names including thistle disease, scabby mouth, and sheep pox. It can infect humans as well. It is a zoonotic disease meaning that humans contract the disease through direct contact with infected animals. Generally there are no systemic symptoms. The finger, hand, arm, face,...

Foot-and-mouth Disease
2011-01-12 16:40:04

Foot-and-mouth disease, FMD, is sometimes fatal and is highly contagious for cloven-hoofed animals. Along with hooved animals hedgehogs and elephants are susceptible to the disease as well. Llama and alpaca can develop mild symptoms but are resistant to the disease and don't pass it to other species. Mice, rats, and chickens have been infected artificially in a lab but it is not believed they...