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884aa6a278a6d5bb3a33ca15f7b7d253
2011-01-11 12:35:00

The Edge Coral Reefs project announced this week that it has identified 10 of the most at-risk coral species for protection. Conservationists have unveiled plans to preserve and protect the world's most important species of coral, helping to fight increasing threats that they say will lead to the species being "functional extinct" within decades. Scientists at the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) lead the project, which has identified 10 coral species in most urgent risk of becoming...

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2011-01-05 12:24:55

An expert said Wednesday that Australia's spectacular Great Barrier Reef is under threat from massive floods swamping the country's northeast, which are pouring harmful debris and sediment into the sea. Michelle Devlin said that the full impact of the floods is not yet known, but the influx will stress the colorful corals. "This does impact on the reef. It just impacts on the reef's resilience so you get very stressed corals, you get stressed sea grass," Devlin, a researcher at James Cook...

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2010-12-03 07:50:34

Coral reef ecosystems are one of the most diverse habitats on the planet, providing habitat for a wide variety of marine animals. Unfortunately, coral reefs and their associated fish, algae, and invertebrate species are in worldwide decline. In 2009, 83 rare corals were petitioned to be listed under the United States Endangered Species Act. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Marine Fisheries Service is currently reviewing the status of the coral on the...

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2010-11-29 10:20:05

New research highlighting coastal locations where coral can better withstand rising sea temperatures, a leading cause of stress to coral reefs, may guide efforts to conserve the largest living structures on Earth. The findings hold promise for an estimated 100 million people living along the coasts of tropical developing countries whose livelihoods and welfare depend directly on coral reefs, but are currently under threat from climate change. In a report published in an online edition of...

2010-11-17 09:00:00

LANDOVER, Md., Nov. 17, 2010 /PRNewswire/ -- Having recently observed its 10th anniversary, the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation is preparing for its next scientific research and education project, the Global Reef Expedition, which will launch in 2011 and continue through 2014. The primary scientific goals of the Expedition are to map and characterize coral reef ecosystems, identify their current status and major threats, and examine factors that enhance their capacity to resist,...

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2010-11-09 09:25:00

Univ. of Miami scientists illustrate threat of increased carbon dioxide to coral reproduction A new study led by scientists at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science suggests that over the next century recruitment of new corals could drop by 73 percent, as rising CO2 levels turn the oceans more acidic. The research findings reveal a new danger to the already threatened Caribbean and Florida reef Elkhorn corals. "Ocean acidification is widely viewed as an...

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2010-11-05 12:55:00

Federal scientists have found that the oil spill caused by BP in the Gulf of Mexico may have caused damage to deep sea corals and other marine life several miles away. Researchers from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) along with Penn State University and others examined the coral. Scientists said they took remotely operated vehicles down to 4,600 feet and about seven miles from the BP well to find dead and dying corals.  They said that some appeared to be...

614d9cb5ddad4dd3ba6a2188b3e7f8961
2010-10-21 09:18:08

Researchers at the Hawai"˜i Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB), an organized research unit in the University of Hawai"˜i at Mānoa's School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology have made a remarkable new discovery. When most people envision coral, they typically think of shallow-water reef-building corals found along beaches and tropical nearshore habitats. These "typical" corals are dependent upon photosynthetic algae (also known as...

fcab33f2361c5888ddbcb2ec59684a971
2010-10-19 10:10:00

Coral reefs in Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean are being wiped out by what scientists are calling the worst bleaching event to hit the area in more than a decade. According to experts at Australia's Center of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, the bleaching event was the result of a massive pool of extremely hot water, which was swept into the ocean back in May. As a result, the algae with which the coral enjoy a symbiotic relationship have been lost, and the corals themselves have...

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2010-10-12 23:31:21

The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute's Bocas del Toro Research Station and Galeta Point Marine Laboratory are reporting an anomalous sea temperature rise and a major coral bleaching event in the western Caribbean. Although the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA, issued an advisory in July announcing above-average sea surface temperatures in the wider Caribbean region, there had been no clear indication of increased sea temperatures in Panama and the western...


Latest Anthozoa Reference Libraries

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
2012-04-03 20:41:16

Knotted Fan Coral, (Melithaea ochracea), is a species of colonial soft coral that is found in tree-like fans on shallow reefs in the South China Sea between Taiwan and Indonesia, including Singapore and Malaysia. In Taiwan, it is the most widespread coral in its family Gorgonacea. It is found on the higher parts of reef fronts where its numerous small polyps can feed at water flow rates varying from 1.6 to 16 inches per second. This species usually grow to about 8 inches in length, with...

738px-Galaxea_fascicularis_1
2012-04-03 20:18:21

Octopus Coral, (Galaxea fascicularis), also known as Fluorescence Grass Coral, Galaxy Coral. Star Coral, Crystal Coral, Brittle Coral and Starburst Coral, is a species of colonial stony coral commonly found on reef slopes in the Indian and Pacific ocean regions, as well as the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. It is most commonly found where wave action is weak, usually at a depth of 79 inches to 49 feet below sea level. It is a common coral species among reef aquarium enthusiasts. This coral...

601px-Echinophilia
2012-04-03 19:33:28

Chalice Corals, are a family of stony corals in the Pectiniidae family. Members of this family are mostly colonial but at least one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. These corals are endemic to the Indian and Pacific oceans. Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically streamlined and smooth. Polyps are large and brightly colored and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family of corals. The polyps are only extended at night. Tentacles are translucent,...

800px-Massive_Starlet_Coral_(Siderastrea_siderea)
2012-04-03 19:03:15

Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and include massive, thickly encrusting, columnar, and irregular forms. Corallites are linked by flowing...

800px-Leaf_plate_montipora.gk
2012-04-03 18:56:15

Leaf Plate Montipora, (Montipora capricornis), also known as Vase Coral, Cap Coral, or simply Montipora, is a species of stony coral found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is also found in reefs in the Red Sea. It usually inhabits the top half of the reef where photosynthesis can occur. It branches out from the foundation into an area with adequate sunlight. This species forms flat, plating colonies. The colonies expand by adding to their foundations and further spreading out....

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Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'kardia,' heart.
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