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Latest Anthozoa Stories

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2010-11-29 10:20:05

New research highlighting coastal locations where coral can better withstand rising sea temperatures, a leading cause of stress to coral reefs, may guide efforts to conserve the largest living structures on Earth. The findings hold promise for an estimated 100 million people living along the coasts of tropical developing countries whose livelihoods and welfare depend directly on coral reefs, but are currently under threat from climate change. In a report published in an online edition of...

2010-11-17 09:00:00

LANDOVER, Md., Nov. 17, 2010 /PRNewswire/ -- Having recently observed its 10th anniversary, the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation is preparing for its next scientific research and education project, the Global Reef Expedition, which will launch in 2011 and continue through 2014. The primary scientific goals of the Expedition are to map and characterize coral reef ecosystems, identify their current status and major threats, and examine factors that enhance their capacity to resist,...

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2010-11-09 09:25:00

Univ. of Miami scientists illustrate threat of increased carbon dioxide to coral reproduction A new study led by scientists at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science suggests that over the next century recruitment of new corals could drop by 73 percent, as rising CO2 levels turn the oceans more acidic. The research findings reveal a new danger to the already threatened Caribbean and Florida reef Elkhorn corals. "Ocean acidification is widely viewed as an...

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2010-11-05 12:55:00

Federal scientists have found that the oil spill caused by BP in the Gulf of Mexico may have caused damage to deep sea corals and other marine life several miles away. Researchers from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) along with Penn State University and others examined the coral. Scientists said they took remotely operated vehicles down to 4,600 feet and about seven miles from the BP well to find dead and dying corals.  They said that some appeared to be...

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2010-10-21 09:18:08

Researchers at the Hawai"˜i Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB), an organized research unit in the University of Hawai"˜i at Mānoa's School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology have made a remarkable new discovery. When most people envision coral, they typically think of shallow-water reef-building corals found along beaches and tropical nearshore habitats. These "typical" corals are dependent upon photosynthetic algae (also known as...

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2010-10-19 10:10:00

Coral reefs in Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean are being wiped out by what scientists are calling the worst bleaching event to hit the area in more than a decade. According to experts at Australia's Center of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, the bleaching event was the result of a massive pool of extremely hot water, which was swept into the ocean back in May. As a result, the algae with which the coral enjoy a symbiotic relationship have been lost, and the corals themselves have...

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2010-10-12 23:31:21

The Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute's Bocas del Toro Research Station and Galeta Point Marine Laboratory are reporting an anomalous sea temperature rise and a major coral bleaching event in the western Caribbean. Although the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA, issued an advisory in July announcing above-average sea surface temperatures in the wider Caribbean region, there had been no clear indication of increased sea temperatures in Panama and the western...

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2010-10-04 10:59:59

The exploration vessel Nautilus, with a team of experts of the University of Haifa's Leon H. Charney School of Marine Sciences, headed by Prof. Zvi Ben Avraham, discovered for the first time an area of reefs with deep-sea corals in the Mediterranean, offshore of Israel. This area apparently stretches over a few kilometers, 700 meters under the surface and some 30-40 km off the coast of Tel Aviv. According to the researchers, this southeastern region of the Mediterranean has only sparse sea...

2010-09-30 17:03:29

The future of the world's coral reefs in a time of dramatic change and increasing human pressures is the focus of a major scientific symposium in Canberra, Australia,on October 7 and 8, 2010. Leading marine scientists from Australia, Britain, the USA, Israel and other countries will report on the latest findings on the state of the world's reefs and their prospects for survival in the coming decades. "Coral Reefs in a Changing Environment" celebrates more than 80 years of Australian coral...

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2010-09-23 10:05:00

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) experts are concerned that there could be massive coral bleaching in the Caribbean this year--perhaps on par with the bleaching that damaged over 80% of the basin region's coral five years ago, according to a new study. The NOAA Coral Reef Watch (CRW) monitoring system has determined that the above-average temperatures in the area in 2010 mean that there is "strong potential for bleaching in the southern and southeastern Caribbean through...


Latest Anthozoa Reference Libraries

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
2012-04-03 20:41:16

Knotted Fan Coral, (Melithaea ochracea), is a species of colonial soft coral that is found in tree-like fans on shallow reefs in the South China Sea between Taiwan and Indonesia, including Singapore and Malaysia. In Taiwan, it is the most widespread coral in its family Gorgonacea. It is found on the higher parts of reef fronts where its numerous small polyps can feed at water flow rates varying from 1.6 to 16 inches per second. This species usually grow to about 8 inches in length, with...

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2012-04-03 20:18:21

Octopus Coral, (Galaxea fascicularis), also known as Fluorescence Grass Coral, Galaxy Coral. Star Coral, Crystal Coral, Brittle Coral and Starburst Coral, is a species of colonial stony coral commonly found on reef slopes in the Indian and Pacific ocean regions, as well as the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. It is most commonly found where wave action is weak, usually at a depth of 79 inches to 49 feet below sea level. It is a common coral species among reef aquarium enthusiasts. This coral...

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2012-04-03 19:33:28

Chalice Corals, are a family of stony corals in the Pectiniidae family. Members of this family are mostly colonial but at least one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. These corals are endemic to the Indian and Pacific oceans. Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically streamlined and smooth. Polyps are large and brightly colored and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family of corals. The polyps are only extended at night. Tentacles are translucent,...

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2012-04-03 19:03:15

Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and include massive, thickly encrusting, columnar, and irregular forms. Corallites are linked by flowing...

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2012-04-03 18:56:15

Leaf Plate Montipora, (Montipora capricornis), also known as Vase Coral, Cap Coral, or simply Montipora, is a species of stony coral found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is also found in reefs in the Red Sea. It usually inhabits the top half of the reef where photosynthesis can occur. It branches out from the foundation into an area with adequate sunlight. This species forms flat, plating colonies. The colonies expand by adding to their foundations and further spreading out....

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