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2010-03-26 06:10:00

Coral reefs are slowly becoming extinct and could disappear entirely within the next century -- which could have disastrous results all over the world, experts claim. According to National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) statistics published in a March 25 Associated Press (AP) article, roughly 19-percent of the Earth's coral reefs have already disappeared, and an additional 15-percent could be gone within the next two decades. Furthermore, Dr. Kent Carpenter, a professor at Old...

2010-03-21 09:56:00

DOHA, QATAR, March 21 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- International governments today failed to grant trade protection to the unique and valuable red and pick corals (Coralliidae) used in jewelry and home decor, despite sound science showing that regulation is needed for their continued survival. SeaWeb, an ocean conservation organization whose campaign Too Precious to Wear had called for governments to protect Coralliidae under Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered...

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2010-03-22 06:17:47

A UN agency shot down a proposal made to monitor the trade of declining stocks of valuable corals just days after nixing a ban on bluefin tuna, a move that has many fearing that the body may not be able to keep a close eye on high-value species. The Conference on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) meeting in Doha rejected the proposal despite an 85 percent decline in global harvests of precious red and pink coral since 1980. Environmentalists condemned the decision, warning...

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2010-03-01 07:20:00

Fossil corals, up to half a million years old, are providing fresh hope that coral reefs may be able to withstand the huge stresses imposed on them by today's human activity. Reef ecosystems were able to persist through massive environmental changes imposed by sharply falling sea levels during previous ice ages, an international scientific team has found. This provides new hope for their capacity to endure the increasing human impacts forecast for the 21st century. In the world's first study...

2010-02-21 12:00:00

Move, adapt or die. Those are the options marine plants and animals have in the face of climate change, said Stanford biologist Steve Palumbi, who has been exploring how to help them go with the first two options, rather than the third. He's come up with some surprising answers. Palumbi will be discussing the results of his research in two talks at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in San Diego. How to design marine protected areas to best benefit a...

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2010-02-16 12:52:24

Penn State researchers and their international collaborators have discovered a diversity of corals harboring unusual species of symbiotic algae in the warm waters of the Andaman Sea in the northeastern Indian Ocean.  "The existence of so many novel coral symbioses thriving in a place that is too warm for most corals gives us hope that coral reefs and the ecosystems they support may persist "” at least in some places "” in the face of global warming," said the team's leader,...

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2010-02-16 09:45:00

Experts reported on Monday that a cold streak affecting most of the country is also being blamed for killing Florida's coral reefs. Sea temperatures off southern Florida have plummeted and are damaging the delicate coral structures that cannot survive in extended temperatures below 59 degrees Fahrenheit. The Lower Keys are feeling most of the impact where "temperatures have been lower," and "there is higher mortality," Diego Lirman, an expert on coral reefs at the University of Miami, told...

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2010-02-16 06:39:55

Scientists may use fossilized coral reefs in the Great Barrier Reefs to understand how sea levels have changed over the past 20,000 years. An international team of researchers plan to spend 45 days at sea, gathering core samples from about 40 sites. Coral, which is described as the "tree of the sea", have growth rings that show seasonal variations. Researchers say that samples taken of the coral will also help show past sea temperatures, as well as other changes to the reef. Alan...

2010-02-05 09:07:00

Secretariat of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species recommends increased trade protection for red and pink corals. GENEVA, Feb. 5 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Countries participating in a major endangered species trade conference in March must back better protection for red and pink coral, according to SeaWeb and WWF. These coral species are disappearing because of overfishing to make jewelry. Red and pink coral (also known as Corallium) are a type of deep-sea precious...

eeb1bc11e671c9130e0baa9ebe8c80a3
2009-12-02 15:22:58

Scientists are reporting the first identification of substances involved in the Jekyll-and-Hyde transformation that changes harmless marine bacteria into killers that cause "coral bleaching." Their study appears in ACS' Environmental Science & Technology, a semi-monthly journal. Dan Bearden and colleagues note that bleaching already has destroyed up to 30 percent of the world's coral reefs, and scientists are searching for ways to slow or stop the damage. One known culprit is an...


Latest Anthozoa Reference Libraries

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
2012-04-03 20:41:16

Knotted Fan Coral, (Melithaea ochracea), is a species of colonial soft coral that is found in tree-like fans on shallow reefs in the South China Sea between Taiwan and Indonesia, including Singapore and Malaysia. In Taiwan, it is the most widespread coral in its family Gorgonacea. It is found on the higher parts of reef fronts where its numerous small polyps can feed at water flow rates varying from 1.6 to 16 inches per second. This species usually grow to about 8 inches in length, with...

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2012-04-03 20:18:21

Octopus Coral, (Galaxea fascicularis), also known as Fluorescence Grass Coral, Galaxy Coral. Star Coral, Crystal Coral, Brittle Coral and Starburst Coral, is a species of colonial stony coral commonly found on reef slopes in the Indian and Pacific ocean regions, as well as the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. It is most commonly found where wave action is weak, usually at a depth of 79 inches to 49 feet below sea level. It is a common coral species among reef aquarium enthusiasts. This coral...

601px-Echinophilia
2012-04-03 19:33:28

Chalice Corals, are a family of stony corals in the Pectiniidae family. Members of this family are mostly colonial but at least one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. These corals are endemic to the Indian and Pacific oceans. Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically streamlined and smooth. Polyps are large and brightly colored and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family of corals. The polyps are only extended at night. Tentacles are translucent,...

800px-Massive_Starlet_Coral_(Siderastrea_siderea)
2012-04-03 19:03:15

Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and include massive, thickly encrusting, columnar, and irregular forms. Corallites are linked by flowing...

800px-Leaf_plate_montipora.gk
2012-04-03 18:56:15

Leaf Plate Montipora, (Montipora capricornis), also known as Vase Coral, Cap Coral, or simply Montipora, is a species of stony coral found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is also found in reefs in the Red Sea. It usually inhabits the top half of the reef where photosynthesis can occur. It branches out from the foundation into an area with adequate sunlight. This species forms flat, plating colonies. The colonies expand by adding to their foundations and further spreading out....

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Word of the Day
bibliopole
  • A bookseller; now, especially, a dealer in rare and curious books.
This word comes from a Greek phrase meaning 'book seller.'
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