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c70fb2d178730e092cd1c7c4c79ca0121
2010-02-16 09:45:00

Experts reported on Monday that a cold streak affecting most of the country is also being blamed for killing Florida's coral reefs. Sea temperatures off southern Florida have plummeted and are damaging the delicate coral structures that cannot survive in extended temperatures below 59 degrees Fahrenheit. The Lower Keys are feeling most of the impact where "temperatures have been lower," and "there is higher mortality," Diego Lirman, an expert on coral reefs at the University of Miami, told...

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2010-02-16 06:39:55

Scientists may use fossilized coral reefs in the Great Barrier Reefs to understand how sea levels have changed over the past 20,000 years. An international team of researchers plan to spend 45 days at sea, gathering core samples from about 40 sites. Coral, which is described as the "tree of the sea", have growth rings that show seasonal variations. Researchers say that samples taken of the coral will also help show past sea temperatures, as well as other changes to the reef. Alan...

2010-02-05 09:07:00

Secretariat of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species recommends increased trade protection for red and pink corals. GENEVA, Feb. 5 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Countries participating in a major endangered species trade conference in March must back better protection for red and pink coral, according to SeaWeb and WWF. These coral species are disappearing because of overfishing to make jewelry. Red and pink coral (also known as Corallium) are a type of deep-sea precious...

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2009-12-02 15:22:58

Scientists are reporting the first identification of substances involved in the Jekyll-and-Hyde transformation that changes harmless marine bacteria into killers that cause "coral bleaching." Their study appears in ACS' Environmental Science & Technology, a semi-monthly journal. Dan Bearden and colleagues note that bleaching already has destroyed up to 30 percent of the world's coral reefs, and scientists are searching for ways to slow or stop the damage. One known culprit is an...

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2009-11-06 12:50:00

Scientists said Thursday that lower-than-feared sea temperatures this summer gave a break to fragile coral reefs across the Caribbean and the central Gulf of Mexico that were damaged in recent years, the Associated Press reported. Many of the creatures that make up coral have had to expel the colorful algae they live with, creating a bleached color due to the unusually warm water in recent years. However, the coral itself will die and damage the environment where many fish and other marine...

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2009-11-06 07:35:00

One of the first set of studies to examine what tourists and recreation enthusiasts actually think about coral reef ecosystems suggests they are a rare exception to controversies over human use versus environmental conservation "“ their stunning beauty is so extraordinary that almost everyone wants them protected in perpetuity. That core belief is often strong enough that if it means people have to be kept out, so be it. The analysis, done in Hawaii by researchers from Oregon State...

2009-11-04 13:11:14

Study sheds new light on threats to coral reproduction What's the point of setting up marine reserves to protect coral reefs from pollution, ship groundings and overfishing if climate change could cause far more damage? A study published this week in London in Proceedings of the Royal Society B provides the answer. For decades researchers have known that corals synchronize their release of eggs and sperm into the water but were unsure of how and why. Robert van Woesik, a biologist at the...

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2009-10-22 11:05:00

With technology similar to that used by physicians to perform magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, researchers from six institutions"”including the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)"”working at the Hollings Marine Laboratory (HML) in Charleston, S.C., are studying the metabolic activity of a pathogen shown to cause coral bleaching, a serious threat to undersea reef ecosystems worldwide. Coral bleaching is the whitening of living coral due to a disruption of...

2009-10-14 18:45:00

Discovery of shipping containers full of illegal coral in Oregon led to indictment WASHINGTON, Oct. 14 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Gunther Wenzek, a German national, pleaded guilty today before District Judge Anna J. Brown of the U.S. District Court for the District of Oregon to one count of smuggling coral into the United States at the port of Portland, Ore., the Justice Department announced. A grand jury in Portland indicted Wenzek in July 2008. Law enforcement officials arrested...

2009-10-08 13:11:00

United States and European Union to Seek Trade Protection for Imperiled Species. LONDON, Oct. 8 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- SeaWeb's Too Precious to Wear campaign hailed today's announcement that the United States and the European Union will seek international trade protection for red and pink coral. "This decision is a major step toward safeguarding the future of these species and the livelihoods that depend on them," said Dawn M. Martin, president of SeaWeb. The European Commission...


Latest Anthozoa Reference Libraries

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
2012-04-03 20:41:16

Knotted Fan Coral, (Melithaea ochracea), is a species of colonial soft coral that is found in tree-like fans on shallow reefs in the South China Sea between Taiwan and Indonesia, including Singapore and Malaysia. In Taiwan, it is the most widespread coral in its family Gorgonacea. It is found on the higher parts of reef fronts where its numerous small polyps can feed at water flow rates varying from 1.6 to 16 inches per second. This species usually grow to about 8 inches in length, with...

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2012-04-03 20:18:21

Octopus Coral, (Galaxea fascicularis), also known as Fluorescence Grass Coral, Galaxy Coral. Star Coral, Crystal Coral, Brittle Coral and Starburst Coral, is a species of colonial stony coral commonly found on reef slopes in the Indian and Pacific ocean regions, as well as the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. It is most commonly found where wave action is weak, usually at a depth of 79 inches to 49 feet below sea level. It is a common coral species among reef aquarium enthusiasts. This coral...

601px-Echinophilia
2012-04-03 19:33:28

Chalice Corals, are a family of stony corals in the Pectiniidae family. Members of this family are mostly colonial but at least one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. These corals are endemic to the Indian and Pacific oceans. Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically streamlined and smooth. Polyps are large and brightly colored and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family of corals. The polyps are only extended at night. Tentacles are translucent,...

800px-Massive_Starlet_Coral_(Siderastrea_siderea)
2012-04-03 19:03:15

Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and include massive, thickly encrusting, columnar, and irregular forms. Corallites are linked by flowing...

800px-Leaf_plate_montipora.gk
2012-04-03 18:56:15

Leaf Plate Montipora, (Montipora capricornis), also known as Vase Coral, Cap Coral, or simply Montipora, is a species of stony coral found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is also found in reefs in the Red Sea. It usually inhabits the top half of the reef where photosynthesis can occur. It branches out from the foundation into an area with adequate sunlight. This species forms flat, plating colonies. The colonies expand by adding to their foundations and further spreading out....

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Word of the Day
abrosia
  • Wasting away as a result of abstinence from food.
The word 'abrosia' comes from a Greek roots meaning 'not' and 'eating'.