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Latest Anthozoa Stories

Competition Between Coral, Seaweed Occurs On A Chemical Scale
2014-01-09 06:32:58

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For one particular species of tropical seaweed, competition may have a high cost. Scientists investigating the chemical warfare that takes place on Fijian coral reefs have discovered that one species of seaweed increases its production of noxious anti-coral compounds when placed in contact with reef-building corals. The study, published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B, show that as this seaweed competes chemically with the...

Coral Reefs Hold Surprising Species Diversity
2013-12-14 04:35:27

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online It is widely known that coral reefs are being put in jeopardy by rising water temperatures caused by climate change. A team of marine biologists, led by Penn State University, has made a surprising discovery that suggests that very similar looking coral species actually differ in how they survive in harsh environments. "We've found that previously unrecognized species diversity was hiding some corals' ability to respond to climate...

Abundant, Dominant Corals Still Face Threat Of Extinction
2013-11-16 06:48:46

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists generally assume that corals do not face a risk of extinction unless they become very rare, or their range is restricted. A new study, published in the journal Bioscience, reveals that global changes in climate and ocean chemistry affect corals whether scarce or abundant, and often it is the dominant, abundant corals with wide distributions that are affected the most. A research team, led by Charles Birkeland from the...

Scientists Describe Two New Gorgonian Soft Coral Species
2013-11-15 12:50:00

Pensoft Publishers Gorgonians are a type of soft corals easily distinguishable by the complex branching shape, which has also probably inspired their name, coming from the Gorgon Medusa- a creature from the Greek mythology that had hair made of venomous snakes. The existence of Medusa outside myth might be debatable, but gorgonian corals do exist and decorate our ocean with complex patterns and vibrant colors. A recent study in the open access journal Zookeys reveals two new species of...

2013-10-30 10:36:58

An international team of scientists, led by physicists from the University of York, has shed important new light on coral skeleton formation. Their investigations, carried out at the nanoscale, provide valuable new information for scientists and environmentalists working to protect and conserve coral from the threats of acidification and rising water temperatures. As corals grow, they produce limestone – calcium carbonate - skeletons which build up over time into vast reefs. The...

Coral Decline Affects Crustacean Biodiversity
2013-09-23 15:48:53

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online With many scientists expecting climate change to have a devastating effect on the world’s coral reefs over the coming century, new research from the University of Florida indicates that crustacean populations living near rapidly declining reef habitats could be at risk. Appearing in the November issue of the journal Geology, the new study is based on an analysis of the fossil record surrounding decapod crustaceans, a group that...

2013-08-13 10:10:34

Corals can survive the early stages of their development even under the tough conditions that rising carbon emissions will impose on them says a new study from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies. Globally, ocean acidification due to the burning of fossil fuels remains a major concern and scientists say it could have severe consequences for the health of adult corals, however, the evidence for negative effects on the early life stages of corals is less clear cut. Dr...

New Coral Reef Species Discovered In The Gambier Islands, French Polynesia
2013-07-26 11:29:44

Pensoft Publishers The new species Echinophyllia tarae is described from the remote and poorly studied Gambier Islands, French Polynesia. Although the new species is common in the lagoon of Gambier Islands, its occurrence elsewhere is unknown. Echinophyllia tarae lives in protected reef habitats and was observed between 5 and 20 m depth. It is a zooxanthellate species which commonly grows on dead coral fragments, which are also covered by crustose coralline algae and fleshy macroalgae....

Bacterial Communities Found Living Deep Inside Corals
2013-07-09 06:50:51

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study by researchers at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) reveals corals may let certain bacteria get under their skin. The study, soon to be published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, offers the first direct evidence that Stylophora pistillata, a species of reef-building coral found throughout the Indian and west Pacific Oceans, harbors...

Our Immune Defenses Originated In Corals 070113
2013-07-01 12:01:26

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Many biological processes have their roots in the very earliest stages of life's evolutionary tree, and new research in the journal BMC Genomics indicates that part of our immune system comes from coral-like ancestors. According to the study, molecular biologists at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (CoECRS) have found genes in Acropora, or staghorn, corals which are responsible for a quick, strong immune response to...


Latest Anthozoa Reference Libraries

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
2012-04-03 20:41:16

Knotted Fan Coral, (Melithaea ochracea), is a species of colonial soft coral that is found in tree-like fans on shallow reefs in the South China Sea between Taiwan and Indonesia, including Singapore and Malaysia. In Taiwan, it is the most widespread coral in its family Gorgonacea. It is found on the higher parts of reef fronts where its numerous small polyps can feed at water flow rates varying from 1.6 to 16 inches per second. This species usually grow to about 8 inches in length, with...

738px-Galaxea_fascicularis_1
2012-04-03 20:18:21

Octopus Coral, (Galaxea fascicularis), also known as Fluorescence Grass Coral, Galaxy Coral. Star Coral, Crystal Coral, Brittle Coral and Starburst Coral, is a species of colonial stony coral commonly found on reef slopes in the Indian and Pacific ocean regions, as well as the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. It is most commonly found where wave action is weak, usually at a depth of 79 inches to 49 feet below sea level. It is a common coral species among reef aquarium enthusiasts. This coral...

601px-Echinophilia
2012-04-03 19:33:28

Chalice Corals, are a family of stony corals in the Pectiniidae family. Members of this family are mostly colonial but at least one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. These corals are endemic to the Indian and Pacific oceans. Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically streamlined and smooth. Polyps are large and brightly colored and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family of corals. The polyps are only extended at night. Tentacles are translucent,...

800px-Massive_Starlet_Coral_(Siderastrea_siderea)
2012-04-03 19:03:15

Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and include massive, thickly encrusting, columnar, and irregular forms. Corallites are linked by flowing...

800px-Leaf_plate_montipora.gk
2012-04-03 18:56:15

Leaf Plate Montipora, (Montipora capricornis), also known as Vase Coral, Cap Coral, or simply Montipora, is a species of stony coral found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is also found in reefs in the Red Sea. It usually inhabits the top half of the reef where photosynthesis can occur. It branches out from the foundation into an area with adequate sunlight. This species forms flat, plating colonies. The colonies expand by adding to their foundations and further spreading out....

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Word of the Day
bellycheer
  • Good cheer; viands.
  • To revel; to feast.
The word 'bellycheer' may come from 'belle cheer', "good cheer".
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