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Latest Anthozoa Stories

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2009-01-20 11:41:19

Coral reefs around the world are in serious trouble from pollution, over-fishing, climate change and more. The last thing they need is an infection. But that's exactly what yellow band disease (YBD) is"”a bacterial infection that sickens coral colonies. Researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and colleagues have found that YBD seems to be getting worse with global warming and announced that they've identified the bacteria responsible for the disease. Just as a...

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2009-01-19 08:10:00

A scientific voyage off Australia's southern coast has found new species of animals and more evidence of the destructive impact of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide on deep-sea corals. The U.S. and Australian researchers explored a vertical slice in the earth's crust known as the Tasman Fracture Zone, which drops from approximately 1.2 miles to more 2.5 miles deep. "We set out to search for life deeper than any previous voyage in Australian waters," said Ron Thresher from Australia's...

2008-12-27 12:52:46

Scientists say they're gaining insight into climate change from rapidly recovering tsunami-damaged coral reefs in the Indian Ocean. Even some reefs badly damaged four years ago in a massive tsunami are showing a rapid growth of young coral, said the Wildlife Conservation Society in New York. This is a great story of ecosystem resilience and recovery, said Stuart Campbell, a spokesman for the society's Indonesia marine program. The recovery has been aided by communities that have abandoned...

2008-12-12 06:30:00

FORT PIERCE, Fla., Dec. 12 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Waitt Institute for Discovery's CATALYST ONE expedition team sailed home aboard the R/V Seward Johnson on Wednesday energized by the discovery of three never-before identified Lophelia coral reefs. The science team, led by John Reed of the Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute (HBOI) at Florida Atlantic University, spent six days at sea utilizing Waitt's two 6,000-meter autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) to remotely map the...

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2008-12-10 13:30:00

The remainder of the world's coral is in danger of being eliminated as a result of human activities, pollution and over-fishing, according to an international report. Released on Wednesday, the "Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2008" found that one fifth of the Earth's coral reefs have disappeared since 1950, and the remainder could die off over the next 20 to 40 years unless initiatives to curb greenhouse gas emissions are enforced. "Climate change must be limited to the absolute minimum...

2008-12-09 19:23:25

The discovery of two species of coral once thought to be extinct provide an important link between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, U.S. scientists said. The U.S. scientists -- Ann Budd from the University of Iowa and Donald McNeill of the University of Miami -- and Carden Wallace of the Museum of Tropical Queensland, Australia, sampled 67 locations around Curacao, Netherlands Antilles, and found the Isopora ginsburgi and Isopora curacaoensis. Until the discovery, the coral genus Isopora was...

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2008-12-08 16:22:04

What began as an homage to achievement in the field of coral reef geology has evolved into the discovery of an unexpected link between corals of the Pacific and Atlantic. Dr. Ann F. Budd from the University of Iowa and Dr. Donald McNeill of the University of Miami named a new species of fossil coral found on the Island of Curaçao "“ some six million years old "“ after renowned coral reef geologist and University of Miami Rosenstiel School professor, Dr. Robert...

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2008-11-25 10:04:49

We've all seen the satellite images of Earth at night--the bright blobs and shining webs that tell the story of humanity's endless sprawl. These pictures are no longer just symbols of human impact, however, but can be used to objectively measure it, according to a study in the December 2008 issue of Geocarto International, a peer-reviewed journal on geoscience and remote sensing. Travis Longcore, a USC geographer and expert in light pollution, collaborated with an international team, led by...

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2008-11-05 09:55:00

Imagine descending in a submarine to the ice-cold, ink-black depths of the ocean, 800 meters under the surface of the Atlantic. Here the tops of the hills are covered in large coral reefs. NIOZ-researcher Furu Mienis studied the formation of these unknown cold-water relatives of the better-known tropical corals. Furu Mienis studied the development of carbonate mounds dominated by cold-water corals in the Atlantic Ocean at depths of six hundred to a thousand meters. These reefs can be found...

2008-10-29 15:00:16

The U.S. Fisheries Service says it will increase its protection of elkhorn and staghorn corals in Florida, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The service, part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, says new regulations prohibiting activities that result in death or harm to either of the threatened species become effective Nov. 21. "These corals were once the major reef builders in Florida and the Caribbean, but now more than 90 percent of their populations are...


Latest Anthozoa Reference Libraries

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
2012-04-03 20:41:16

Knotted Fan Coral, (Melithaea ochracea), is a species of colonial soft coral that is found in tree-like fans on shallow reefs in the South China Sea between Taiwan and Indonesia, including Singapore and Malaysia. In Taiwan, it is the most widespread coral in its family Gorgonacea. It is found on the higher parts of reef fronts where its numerous small polyps can feed at water flow rates varying from 1.6 to 16 inches per second. This species usually grow to about 8 inches in length, with...

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2012-04-03 20:18:21

Octopus Coral, (Galaxea fascicularis), also known as Fluorescence Grass Coral, Galaxy Coral. Star Coral, Crystal Coral, Brittle Coral and Starburst Coral, is a species of colonial stony coral commonly found on reef slopes in the Indian and Pacific ocean regions, as well as the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. It is most commonly found where wave action is weak, usually at a depth of 79 inches to 49 feet below sea level. It is a common coral species among reef aquarium enthusiasts. This coral...

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2012-04-03 19:33:28

Chalice Corals, are a family of stony corals in the Pectiniidae family. Members of this family are mostly colonial but at least one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. These corals are endemic to the Indian and Pacific oceans. Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically streamlined and smooth. Polyps are large and brightly colored and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family of corals. The polyps are only extended at night. Tentacles are translucent,...

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2012-04-03 19:03:15

Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and include massive, thickly encrusting, columnar, and irregular forms. Corallites are linked by flowing...

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2012-04-03 18:56:15

Leaf Plate Montipora, (Montipora capricornis), also known as Vase Coral, Cap Coral, or simply Montipora, is a species of stony coral found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is also found in reefs in the Red Sea. It usually inhabits the top half of the reef where photosynthesis can occur. It branches out from the foundation into an area with adequate sunlight. This species forms flat, plating colonies. The colonies expand by adding to their foundations and further spreading out....

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