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2009-02-05 11:03:43

A research team returned from a month long underwater voyage that shed the light on never before seen species of fish and the effects of climate change in the deepest areas of the ocean. Scientists from the California Institute of Technology and an international team of collaborators traveled around Tasmania, Australia with a 502-pound video camera. The Eye-in-the-Sea is part of a new brand of scientific investigation to evaluate how global warming affects marine life. "It was truly one of...

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2009-02-05 08:20:00

The answer to what's killing the world's coral reefs may be found in a tiny chip that fits in the palm of your hand. Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California, Merced are using an innovative DNA array developed at Berkeley Lab to catalog the microbes that live among coral in the tropical waters off the coast of Puerto Rico. They found that as coral becomes diseased, the microbial population it supports grows much more diverse. It's unclear whether...

2009-01-20 14:33:27

U.S. scientists say they've identified the bacteria responsible for yellow band disease -- an infection that affects the world's coral reefs. Researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and colleagues said YBD sickens coral colonies and is apparently a threat that's becoming worse with global warming. Just as a doctor can diagnose a child with chicken pox by the small, round bumps on her skin, you can tell a coral with yellow band disease by its own characteristic markings, the...

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2009-01-20 14:30:03

The growing appetite for live reef fish throughout Southeast Asia is devastating fish populations in the protected Coral Triangle, which supports 75 percent of the world's coral species and contains the richest ocean diversity anywhere on the globe.  Spawning of reef fish in this marine area has dropped 79 percent over the past 5 to 20 years, depending on location, according to a recent report in the scientific journal Conservation Biology.  Overfishing, especially of spawning...

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2009-01-20 11:41:19

Coral reefs around the world are in serious trouble from pollution, over-fishing, climate change and more. The last thing they need is an infection. But that's exactly what yellow band disease (YBD) is"”a bacterial infection that sickens coral colonies. Researchers at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and colleagues have found that YBD seems to be getting worse with global warming and announced that they've identified the bacteria responsible for the disease. Just as a...

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2009-01-19 08:10:00

A scientific voyage off Australia's southern coast has found new species of animals and more evidence of the destructive impact of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide on deep-sea corals. The U.S. and Australian researchers explored a vertical slice in the earth's crust known as the Tasman Fracture Zone, which drops from approximately 1.2 miles to more 2.5 miles deep. "We set out to search for life deeper than any previous voyage in Australian waters," said Ron Thresher from Australia's...

2008-12-27 12:52:46

Scientists say they're gaining insight into climate change from rapidly recovering tsunami-damaged coral reefs in the Indian Ocean. Even some reefs badly damaged four years ago in a massive tsunami are showing a rapid growth of young coral, said the Wildlife Conservation Society in New York. This is a great story of ecosystem resilience and recovery, said Stuart Campbell, a spokesman for the society's Indonesia marine program. The recovery has been aided by communities that have abandoned...

2008-12-12 06:30:00

FORT PIERCE, Fla., Dec. 12 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Waitt Institute for Discovery's CATALYST ONE expedition team sailed home aboard the R/V Seward Johnson on Wednesday energized by the discovery of three never-before identified Lophelia coral reefs. The science team, led by John Reed of the Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute (HBOI) at Florida Atlantic University, spent six days at sea utilizing Waitt's two 6,000-meter autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) to remotely map the...

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2008-12-10 13:30:00

The remainder of the world's coral is in danger of being eliminated as a result of human activities, pollution and over-fishing, according to an international report. Released on Wednesday, the "Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2008" found that one fifth of the Earth's coral reefs have disappeared since 1950, and the remainder could die off over the next 20 to 40 years unless initiatives to curb greenhouse gas emissions are enforced. "Climate change must be limited to the absolute minimum...

2008-12-09 19:23:25

The discovery of two species of coral once thought to be extinct provide an important link between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, U.S. scientists said. The U.S. scientists -- Ann Budd from the University of Iowa and Donald McNeill of the University of Miami -- and Carden Wallace of the Museum of Tropical Queensland, Australia, sampled 67 locations around Curacao, Netherlands Antilles, and found the Isopora ginsburgi and Isopora curacaoensis. Until the discovery, the coral genus Isopora was...


Latest Anthozoa Reference Libraries

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
2012-04-03 20:41:16

Knotted Fan Coral, (Melithaea ochracea), is a species of colonial soft coral that is found in tree-like fans on shallow reefs in the South China Sea between Taiwan and Indonesia, including Singapore and Malaysia. In Taiwan, it is the most widespread coral in its family Gorgonacea. It is found on the higher parts of reef fronts where its numerous small polyps can feed at water flow rates varying from 1.6 to 16 inches per second. This species usually grow to about 8 inches in length, with...

738px-Galaxea_fascicularis_1
2012-04-03 20:18:21

Octopus Coral, (Galaxea fascicularis), also known as Fluorescence Grass Coral, Galaxy Coral. Star Coral, Crystal Coral, Brittle Coral and Starburst Coral, is a species of colonial stony coral commonly found on reef slopes in the Indian and Pacific ocean regions, as well as the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. It is most commonly found where wave action is weak, usually at a depth of 79 inches to 49 feet below sea level. It is a common coral species among reef aquarium enthusiasts. This coral...

601px-Echinophilia
2012-04-03 19:33:28

Chalice Corals, are a family of stony corals in the Pectiniidae family. Members of this family are mostly colonial but at least one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. These corals are endemic to the Indian and Pacific oceans. Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically streamlined and smooth. Polyps are large and brightly colored and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family of corals. The polyps are only extended at night. Tentacles are translucent,...

800px-Massive_Starlet_Coral_(Siderastrea_siderea)
2012-04-03 19:03:15

Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and include massive, thickly encrusting, columnar, and irregular forms. Corallites are linked by flowing...

800px-Leaf_plate_montipora.gk
2012-04-03 18:56:15

Leaf Plate Montipora, (Montipora capricornis), also known as Vase Coral, Cap Coral, or simply Montipora, is a species of stony coral found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is also found in reefs in the Red Sea. It usually inhabits the top half of the reef where photosynthesis can occur. It branches out from the foundation into an area with adequate sunlight. This species forms flat, plating colonies. The colonies expand by adding to their foundations and further spreading out....

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Word of the Day
bodacious
  • Remarkable; prodigious.
  • Audacious; gutsy.
  • Completely; extremely.
  • Audaciously; boldly.
  • Impressively great in size; enormous; extraordinary.
This word is probably from the dialectal 'boldacious,' a blend of 'bold' and 'audacious.'
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