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Latest Anthozoa Stories

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2008-10-21 15:21:15

Rare corals may be smarter than we thought. Faced with a dire shortage of mates of their own kind, new research suggests they may be able to cross-breed with certain other coral species to breed themselves out of a one-way trip to extinction. This finding, released by scientists at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, has raised hopes for the ability of the world's corals to withstand the rigors of changing climates and human impacts, says lead author Zoe Richards. "Coral...

2008-10-15 15:00:12

U.S. scientists say they observed significant recovery of an endangered coral reef when they managed the reef's diversity of fish. Professor Mark Hay and co-author Deron Burkepile of the Georgia Institute of Technology constructed 32 cages on a coral reef at Key Largo, Fla. Then into each 140-cubic-foot cage, Hay and Burkepile placed different numbers of two types of herbivorous fish. During the next 10 months they measured changes in coral cover and seaweed growth. The scientists...

2008-10-10 15:00:15

HRH Prince General Khaled bin Sultan, founder and Chairman of the Living Oceans Foundation, the U.S.-headquartered environmental organization that bears his name, today announced the formal launch of the Foundation's "Global Reef Expedition: Science Without Borders(R)" at the World Conservation Congress being held here. The three-year study of shallow coral reef environments around the world will begin in 2010 with the resulting scientific information being shared freely with involved...

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2008-10-10 09:10:00

Scientists are using satellites to expand a network to watch for ocean temperature increases that can harm fragile ecosystems worldwide. On Thursday, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said its Coral Reef Watch network had been expanded from 24 locations to 190 locations in the Florida Keys, the Caribbean, Australia, Hawaii, Indonesia, and in other areas across the globe. The organization monitors ocean temperatures in nearly a dozen coral reefs.  The larger, expanded...

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2008-10-09 07:58:58

For endangered coral reefs, not all plant-eating fish are created equal. A report scheduled to be published this week in the early edition of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences suggests that maintaining the proper balance of herbivorous fishes may be critical to restoring coral reefs, which are declining dramatically worldwide. The conclusion results from a long-term study that found significant recovery in sections of coral reefs on which fish of two complementary...

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2008-10-09 07:52:54

When reef fish get a mouthful of sand, coral reefs can drown. That's the latest startling evidence to emerge from research into the likely fate of reefs under climate change and rising sea levels, at the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (CoECRS). "We've known for a while that having a lot of sediment in the water is bad for corals and can smother them.  What we didn't realize is how permanent this state of affairs can become, to the point where it may prevent the corals...

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2008-10-08 14:50:00

Australian scientists reported Wednesday hundreds of new marine species as well as previously uncharted undersea mountains and canyons have been discovered in the depths of the Southern Ocean. The researchers recorded a total of 274 species of fish, ancient corals, mollusks, crustaceans and sponges new to science which were found in icy waters up to 3,000 meters (9,800 feet) deep among extinct volcanoes. The government's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO)...

2008-10-07 07:30:00

By Jonathan Adams At this seaside resort on Taiwan's southern tip, annual typhoons blast sludge and sediment onto fragile, shallow-water coral reefs. Hotels and villages sprinkle the reefs with sewage. A nuclear power plant boils them with discharged reactor-cooling water. Snorkelers and scuba divers trample on the reefs, sometimes breaking off chunks of coral as souvenirs. And in 2001 a huge cargo ship sank off Kenting, destroying the coral it landed on and spewing more than 1,000 tons of...

2008-10-01 03:00:13

By Anonymous Underwater voyeurs vied for spots to dive reefs in the Florida Keys for the annual coral spawning, sparked by the August full moon. "It's pretty amazing to see how it works," said Dan Dawson, owner of Horizon Divers (Key Largo, Florida). "My wife sat there in the sand for an hour and all of a sudden saw the coral secretion and then saw it floating away." While corals use multiple reproductive strategies, nearly all large reefbuilding species release millions of gametes once a...

2008-09-29 00:00:19

By Jaswinder Kaur KOTA KINABALU: Responding to the growing threat to marine life, and the push for businesses to be more environment-friendly, an island resort has set up a research centre and a programme to rehabilitate corals and fish injured by trawler nets. The Marine Ecology Research Centre (MERC) at the Gayana Eco Resort also teaches its guests about the island's ecosystems and the need to conserve them. This is part of the Sabah Development Corridor (SDC) blueprint, as the state...


Latest Anthozoa Reference Libraries

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
2012-04-03 20:41:16

Knotted Fan Coral, (Melithaea ochracea), is a species of colonial soft coral that is found in tree-like fans on shallow reefs in the South China Sea between Taiwan and Indonesia, including Singapore and Malaysia. In Taiwan, it is the most widespread coral in its family Gorgonacea. It is found on the higher parts of reef fronts where its numerous small polyps can feed at water flow rates varying from 1.6 to 16 inches per second. This species usually grow to about 8 inches in length, with...

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2012-04-03 20:18:21

Octopus Coral, (Galaxea fascicularis), also known as Fluorescence Grass Coral, Galaxy Coral. Star Coral, Crystal Coral, Brittle Coral and Starburst Coral, is a species of colonial stony coral commonly found on reef slopes in the Indian and Pacific ocean regions, as well as the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. It is most commonly found where wave action is weak, usually at a depth of 79 inches to 49 feet below sea level. It is a common coral species among reef aquarium enthusiasts. This coral...

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2012-04-03 19:33:28

Chalice Corals, are a family of stony corals in the Pectiniidae family. Members of this family are mostly colonial but at least one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. These corals are endemic to the Indian and Pacific oceans. Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically streamlined and smooth. Polyps are large and brightly colored and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family of corals. The polyps are only extended at night. Tentacles are translucent,...

800px-Massive_Starlet_Coral_(Siderastrea_siderea)
2012-04-03 19:03:15

Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and include massive, thickly encrusting, columnar, and irregular forms. Corallites are linked by flowing...

800px-Leaf_plate_montipora.gk
2012-04-03 18:56:15

Leaf Plate Montipora, (Montipora capricornis), also known as Vase Coral, Cap Coral, or simply Montipora, is a species of stony coral found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is also found in reefs in the Red Sea. It usually inhabits the top half of the reef where photosynthesis can occur. It branches out from the foundation into an area with adequate sunlight. This species forms flat, plating colonies. The colonies expand by adding to their foundations and further spreading out....

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