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Latest Anthozoa Stories

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2008-07-07 06:00:00

Half of all U.S. coral reefs, the center of marine life in the Pacific and Caribbean oceans, are either in poor or fair condition, a federal agency warns today. The report by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration places much of the blame on human activities and warns of further oceanwide decline. Reefs closer to cities were found to suffer poorer health, damaged by trash, overfishing and pollution. "Human impacts are making the big difference," says NOAA's Timothy Keeney,...

2008-07-06 00:00:12

By Samantha Critchell NEW YORK -- Sea coral is blessed with wonderful colors, an intricate design and memories of the lapping ocean. It's no wonder that the worlds of fashion and home decor are in the midst of a love affair with it. Some argue, though, that coral is too precious to wear. "We want to discourage consumers from purchasing coral," says scientist Andrew Baker. "It's like ivory. It's a product of a living animal, and the harvest of this item is unsustainable." It's...

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2008-07-03 09:10:00

CHARLOTTE, N.C. -- One of Earth's last frontiers lies off the Carolinas coast, on the cold, black ocean bottom 1,200 feet below the waves. Scientists are just beginning to explore deep-water coral reefs, possibly millions of years old, that stretch from North Carolina to Florida. They form pristine oases, alive with fish, crabs and weird creatures that one researcher says "look like Dr. Seuss went crazy down there." The discoveries have caught the attention of the Bush administration,...

2008-06-22 15:00:10

By Laine Welch, Alaska Journal of Commerce, Anchorage Jun. 22--Bristol Bay fishermen will be expanding their salmon donations this summer to help feed elders, toddlers and school kids in Southwest Alaska. "The fish we get donated will go to 13 school sites, Head Start, as well as meals for senior citizens in nine outlying communities this year. I'm just tickled to death," said Patty Luckhurst, director of school nutrition services at Dillingham. Luckhurst made headlines last year when...

2008-06-20 15:00:15

By Carrie Hachadurian, The Mountaineer, Waynesville, N.C. Jun. 20--Sondra and Michael Bramande, owners of ASC Design and Sea Corals, located at 2761 Soco Road in Maggie Valley, have opened a contemporary, modern design company for those who want a "hip" look in their home. The couple started their business online in 2002, and have since expanded to a new location. "We started with aquarium supplies and then branched to home decor, lamps and lighting and have gone from there," said...

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2008-06-16 06:05:00

DRY TORTUGAS -- Before six hurricanes hit mainland Florida in 2004 and 2005, they first wreaked havoc on the Florida Keys' far western islands known as the Dry Tortugas. Fort Jefferson, the lone man-made structure at the remote outpost, survived with minimal damage. But under the sea, large sections of the precious coral reef were not so lucky. "The gorgonians, that literally look like a forest, were just blasted to nothing," said Jerry Ault, professor of marine biology and fisheries at...

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2008-06-14 08:40:00

Scientists have begun an eight-day mission, in which they are living and working at 60 feet below the sea surface, to determine why some species of coral colonies survive transplanting after a disturbance, such as a storm, while other colonies die. Coral reefs worldwide are suffering from the combined effects of hurricanes, global warming, and increased boat traffic and pollution. As a result, their restoration has become a priority among those who are concerned. Using as a home base the...

2008-06-14 06:00:13

By Anonymous OCEANOGRAPHY An ocean odor that affects global climate also gathers reef fish to feed as they "eavesdrop" on events that might lead them to food, according to a study by the University of California, Davis. Dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) is given off by algae and phytoplankton, microscopic one-celled plants that float in the ocean. Release of DMSP usually indicates that tiny animals in the plankton are feeding on the algae, or a massive growth of algae- an algal bloom-has...

2008-06-03 06:00:24

By Robertson, D Ross Smith-Vaniz, William F Coral reefs, one of the most biologically diverse and important ecosystems on Earth, are experiencing unprecedented and increasing ecological decline, yet the fish faunas of such reefs and other tropical shoreline habitats remain poorly known in many areas. Rotenone, a natural substance traditionally used by subsistence fishers, is a uniquely efficient tool for sampling reef and other shore fishes for marine research. Unfortunately, such sampling...

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2008-05-19 09:35:00

NOAA-funded expeditions featured in new film, "Beneath the Blue"Largely unexplored deep-sea coral reefs, some perhaps hundreds of thousands of years old, off the coast of the southeastern U.S. are not only larger than expected but also home to commercially valuable fish populations and many newly discovered and unusual species. Results from a series of NOAA-funded expeditions to document these previously unstudied and diverse habitats and their associated marine life have revealed some...


Latest Anthozoa Reference Libraries

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2012-04-03 20:41:16

Knotted Fan Coral, (Melithaea ochracea), is a species of colonial soft coral that is found in tree-like fans on shallow reefs in the South China Sea between Taiwan and Indonesia, including Singapore and Malaysia. In Taiwan, it is the most widespread coral in its family Gorgonacea. It is found on the higher parts of reef fronts where its numerous small polyps can feed at water flow rates varying from 1.6 to 16 inches per second. This species usually grow to about 8 inches in length, with...

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2012-04-03 20:18:21

Octopus Coral, (Galaxea fascicularis), also known as Fluorescence Grass Coral, Galaxy Coral. Star Coral, Crystal Coral, Brittle Coral and Starburst Coral, is a species of colonial stony coral commonly found on reef slopes in the Indian and Pacific ocean regions, as well as the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. It is most commonly found where wave action is weak, usually at a depth of 79 inches to 49 feet below sea level. It is a common coral species among reef aquarium enthusiasts. This coral...

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2012-04-03 19:33:28

Chalice Corals, are a family of stony corals in the Pectiniidae family. Members of this family are mostly colonial but at least one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. These corals are endemic to the Indian and Pacific oceans. Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically streamlined and smooth. Polyps are large and brightly colored and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family of corals. The polyps are only extended at night. Tentacles are translucent,...

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2012-04-03 19:03:15

Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and include massive, thickly encrusting, columnar, and irregular forms. Corallites are linked by flowing...

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2012-04-03 18:56:15

Leaf Plate Montipora, (Montipora capricornis), also known as Vase Coral, Cap Coral, or simply Montipora, is a species of stony coral found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is also found in reefs in the Red Sea. It usually inhabits the top half of the reef where photosynthesis can occur. It branches out from the foundation into an area with adequate sunlight. This species forms flat, plating colonies. The colonies expand by adding to their foundations and further spreading out....

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