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DNA Analysis Can Help In Classifying Single-celled Algae
2012-09-20 12:28:58

For nearly 260 years -- since Carl Linnaeus developed his system of naming plants and animals -- researchers classified species based on visual attributes like color, shape and size. In the past few decades, researchers found that sequencing DNA can more accurately identify species. A group of single-celled algae -- Symbiodinum -- that live inside corals and are critical to their survival -- are only now being separated into species using DNA analysis, according to biologists....

Coral Reef Fish Connections Are Much More Complex
2012-09-04 04:00:27

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Ocean scientists have known for a long time that juvenile coral reef fishes use coastal seagrass and mangrove habitats as nurseries, before they move into the coral reefs as adults. According to a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the fishes' movements, and the connections between different tropical habitats, are much more complex than previously realized. Despite several studies that have...

Coral Reef Diversity - Sometimes Less Is More
2012-08-29 10:08:25

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A general rule of Darwinian evolution is that diversity provides for a more robust population that is capable of withstanding a higher degree of stress than a more homogenous population. However, researchers at the University of Hawaii at Manoa (UHM) have found that less diverse coral populations lead to reefs that are less sensitive to environmental disturbances, according to their report in Proceedings of the Royal Society B....

Charles Darwin Was Right - Some Species Can't Make The Trip
2012-08-28 11:07:18

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In 1880 Charles Darwin hypothesized that most species could not disperse across the Eastern Pacific Barrier (EPB). A new study, led by Iliana Baums, assistant professor of biology at Penn State University, is the first comprehensive test of that hypothesis using coral. The study, to be published in Molecular Ecology, found that a coral species in abundance from Indonesia eastward to Fiji, Samoa and the Line Islands rarely crosses the...

Improving Water Quality May Help Save Coral Reefs
2012-08-20 16:58:26

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online It has been found that an unevenness of nutrients in reef waters can increase the bleaching vulnerability of reef corals according to Research from the University of Southampton and the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton. Numerous polyps jointly forming a layer of living tissue that cover the calcareous skeletons make up the corals. Single-celled algae called zooxanthellae, which live within the coral polyps, is what they...

Atlantic Ocean Gets Hit With Invasive Brittle Star Species
2012-08-20 12:37:24

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The appearance and ecology of Atlantic coral reef habitats could be altered by yellow brittle star A study co-written by Dr. Gordon Hendler of the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County (NHM) about an invasive species of brittle star, Ophiothela mirabilis, has been published online in Coral Reefs, the Journal of the International Society for Reef Studies. Growing populations have established themselves at distant points in...

2012-08-16 23:04:14

Inspired by a recent study showing that overconfidence is a beneficial trait for social and work interactions, Coral Calcium Shop releases benefits of Coral Calcium & Hyaluronic Acid to physical well-being. (PRWEB) August 16, 2012 According to a new study recently recorded in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, “overconfidence” actually helps people to climb the social ladder, often leading to promotions which may be beyond their competency levels. Medical News...

Spawning Of Threatened Pillar Coral Observed For First Time In Florida Reef System
2012-08-09 11:25:00

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Male and female threatened pillar coral have been documented for the first time spawning together in the Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, said researchers with the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission. The researchers were exhilarated by the displays of male and female pillar coral releasing their reproductive cells during a spawning session in the Upper Keys on Saturday, just after the full moon. At precisely...

Additions To Coral Reef Woes Are Microbes, Sponges And Worms
2012-08-07 13:46:12

Study by Wildlife Conservation Society and University of the Azores identifies additional risks to reefs stemming from pollution and heavy fishing Microbes, sponges, and worms–the side effects of pollution and heavy fishing–are adding insult to injury in Kenya's imperiled reef systems, according to a recent study by the Wildlife Conservation Society and the University of Azores. The authors of the study have found that pollution and overfishing on reef systems have an...

2012-07-30 23:02:24

Greenpeace researchers have discovered abundant corals where Shell hopes to begin Arctic offshore drilling this summer. The discovery raises questions why the Arctic corals are not adequately addressed in the environmental impact statement for Shell's drilling program. Chukchi Sea, AK (PRWEB) July 30, 2012 Greenpeace submarine research at Shell´s proposed drill site in the Chukchi Sea has collected the first coral specimen from the region. With a Shell vessel nearby, Greenpeace marine...


Latest Anthozoa Reference Libraries

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERA
2012-04-03 20:41:16

Knotted Fan Coral, (Melithaea ochracea), is a species of colonial soft coral that is found in tree-like fans on shallow reefs in the South China Sea between Taiwan and Indonesia, including Singapore and Malaysia. In Taiwan, it is the most widespread coral in its family Gorgonacea. It is found on the higher parts of reef fronts where its numerous small polyps can feed at water flow rates varying from 1.6 to 16 inches per second. This species usually grow to about 8 inches in length, with...

738px-Galaxea_fascicularis_1
2012-04-03 20:18:21

Octopus Coral, (Galaxea fascicularis), also known as Fluorescence Grass Coral, Galaxy Coral. Star Coral, Crystal Coral, Brittle Coral and Starburst Coral, is a species of colonial stony coral commonly found on reef slopes in the Indian and Pacific ocean regions, as well as the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. It is most commonly found where wave action is weak, usually at a depth of 79 inches to 49 feet below sea level. It is a common coral species among reef aquarium enthusiasts. This coral...

601px-Echinophilia
2012-04-03 19:33:28

Chalice Corals, are a family of stony corals in the Pectiniidae family. Members of this family are mostly colonial but at least one species, Echinomorpha nishihirai, is solitary. These corals are endemic to the Indian and Pacific oceans. Pectiniids have a number of different forms but are basically streamlined and smooth. Polyps are large and brightly colored and resemble those of members of the Mussidae family of corals. The polyps are only extended at night. Tentacles are translucent,...

800px-Massive_Starlet_Coral_(Siderastrea_siderea)
2012-04-03 19:03:15

Siderastreidae is a family of colonial, reef building stony corals. Members of this family include symbiotic algae in their tissues which help provide their energy requirements. The World Register of Marine Species lists 7 genera within this family: Anomastraea, Coscinaraea, Craterastrea, Horastrea, Psammocora, Pseudosiderastrea, and Siderastrea. Corals in this family vary in form and include massive, thickly encrusting, columnar, and irregular forms. Corallites are linked by flowing...

800px-Leaf_plate_montipora.gk
2012-04-03 18:56:15

Leaf Plate Montipora, (Montipora capricornis), also known as Vase Coral, Cap Coral, or simply Montipora, is a species of stony coral found in the Indian and Pacific oceans. It is also found in reefs in the Red Sea. It usually inhabits the top half of the reef where photosynthesis can occur. It branches out from the foundation into an area with adequate sunlight. This species forms flat, plating colonies. The colonies expand by adding to their foundations and further spreading out....

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Word of the Day
bibliopole
  • A bookseller; now, especially, a dealer in rare and curious books.
This word comes from a Greek phrase meaning 'book seller.'
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