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Latest Apex predator Stories

2011-07-15 09:21:00

Impacts include increases in infectious diseases and invasive species, as well as changes in soil, water, vegetation, and the atmosphere STONY BROOK, N.Y., July 15, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- "Trophic Downgrading of Planet Earth," a review paper that will be published on July 15, 2011, in the journal Science, concludes that the decline of large predators and herbivores in all regions of the world is causing substantial changes to Earth's terrestrial, freshwater, and marine...

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2011-07-15 07:40:00

The worldwide decline of top predators, or "consumers", such as wolves, sharks and lions, is threatening to drive other species to extinction, an international team of 24 scientists reported on Thursday. The research shows for the first time the critical importance that large animals have within the world's ecosystem. "Until recently, large apex consumers were ubiquitous across the globe and had been for millions of years. The loss of these animals may be humankind's most pervasive influence...

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2010-11-18 09:24:47

Inaccurate conclusions may have been reached in many ecosystems The most widely adopted measure for assessing the state of the world's oceans and fisheries led to inaccurate conclusions in nearly half the ecosystems where it was applied. The new analysis was performed by an international team of fisheries scientists, and is reported in this week's issue of the journal Nature. "Applied to individual ecosystems it's like flipping a coin; half the time you get the right answer and half the time...

2010-11-17 21:46:57

The most widely adopted measure for assessing the state of the world's oceans and fisheries led to inaccurate conclusions in nearly half the ecosystems where it was applied according to new analysis by an international team led by a University of Washington fisheries scientist. "Applied to individual ecosystems it's like flipping a coin, half the time you get the right answer and half the time you get the wrong answer," said Trevor Branch, a UW assistant professor of aquatic and fishery...

2010-10-15 01:17:16

The food chain - the number of organisms that feed on each other "” in the world's streams and rivers depends more upon the size of the stream and whether the waterways flood or run dry than the amount of available food resources, Yale University and Arizona State University (ASU) researchers report online in the Oct. 14 issue of the journal Science Express. The findings suggest that large predators in river systems will be threatened by increased variability in water flow induced by...

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2010-09-01 13:40:29

Previous research has claimed that the reintroduction of wolves to Yellowstone National Park in 1995 is helping restore quaking aspen in risky areas where wolves prowl. But apparently elk hungry for winter food had a different idea. They did not know they were supposed to be responding to a "landscape of fear." According to a study set to be published this week in Ecology, a journal of the Ecological Society of America, the fear of wolf predation may not be discouraging elk from eating aspen...

2010-07-09 08:00:00

STONY BROOK, N.Y., July 9 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A compendium on trophic cascades and how they operate in the world's major ecosystems has been published for the first time. The term "trophic cascades" refers to the follow-on effects of top predator removal from an ecosystem, and, until now, there has not been a comprehensive synthesis of this phenomenon. Evidence accumulated in this volume indicates that trophic cascades operate in nearly all ecosystems around the world, both at sea...

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2010-07-01 09:08:18

A new analysis of the extinction of woolly mammoths and other large mammals more than 10,000 years ago suggests that they may have fallen victim to the same type of "trophic cascade" of ecosystem disruption that scientists say is being caused today by the global decline of predators such as wolves, cougars, and sharks. In each case the cascading events were originally begun by human disruption of ecosystems, a new study concludes, but around 15,000 years ago the problem was not the loss of a...

2009-10-02 10:23:13

The catastrophic decline around the world of "apex" predators such as wolves, cougars, lions or sharks has led to a huge increase in smaller "mesopredators" that are causing major economic and ecological disruptions, a new study concludes. The findings, published today in the journal Bioscience, found that in North America all of the largest terrestrial predators have been in decline during the past 200 years while the ranges of 60 percent of mesopredators have expanded. The problem is...

2005-08-01 16:33:05

Willow trees, riparian willow warblers and beaver dams once were bountiful in an area near the town of Banff, Alberta, Canada. But once wolves left this area, elk grew more plentiful, browsing heavily on young willows. Today, there is little trace of beavers, and sparrows have replaced the warblers in what is now a grassland meadow. These profound changes were driven by the absence of the wolf, a top predator. That's the compelling finding of the paper, "Human Activity mediates a Trophic...


Word of the Day
monteith
  • A large punch-bowl of the eighteenth century, usually of silver and with a movable rim, and decorated with flutings and a scalloped edge. It was also used for cooling and carrying wine-glasses.
  • A kind of cotton handkerchief having white spots on a colored ground, the spots being produced by a chemical which discharges the color.
This word is possibly named after Monteith (Monteigh), 'an eccentric 17th-century Scotsman who wore a cloak scalloped at the hem.'
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