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Image 1 - Domestic Cats, Wild Bobcats And Pumas Living In Same Area Have Same Diseases
2012-02-07 05:14:40

May bring them into human homes, bridging "infection gap" between people and wildlife Domestic cats, wild bobcats and pumas that live in the same area share the same diseases.  And domestic cats may bring them into human homes, according to results of a study of what happens when big and small cats cross paths. Initial results of the multi-year study are published today in the scientific journal PLoS One by a group of 14 authors. The joint National Science Foundation (NSF) and...

2012-02-01 09:34:27

In this week's PLoS Medicine, Teun Bousema of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK and colleagues argue that targeting malaria "hotspots," small groups of households at a substantially increased risk of malaria transmission, is a highly efficient way to reduce malaria transmission at all levels of transmission intensity. The authors state: "Malaria hotspots appear to maintain malaria transmission in low transmission seasons and are the driving force for transmission in...

2012-02-01 07:09:58

(Ivanhoe Newswire) — Malaria is a parasite disease that is passed from one human to another by the bite of infected Anopheles mosquitoes.  The parasites enter the blood stream and infect red blood cells. The disease involves shaking, chills, high fevers, anemia, and flu-like symptoms. There are approximately 300-500 million cases of malaria each year and more than 1 million people die from it, according to the United States National Library of Medicine.  Although most cases...

2012-01-27 12:20:38

New research by scientists at the University of Southampton could lead to the design of more effective drugs to combat malaria. The research will enable scientists to learn more about the nature of the enzymes required for vitamin biosynthesis by the malaria causing pathogen Plasmodium. Vitamins are essential nutrients required in small amounts, the lack of which leads to deficiencies. Many pathogenic microorganisms produce vitamins, and these biosynthetic pathways may provide suitable...

2012-01-25 14:34:31

The parasite that causes malaria is a genetic outlier, which has prevented scientists from discovering the functions of most of its genes. Researchers at National Jewish Health and Yale University School of Medicine have devised a technique to overcome the genetic oddity of Plasmodium falciparum, the major cause of human malaria. This new approach led them discover a new gene involved in lipid synthesis, and opens the door to further genetic discovery for the entire organism. This should...

2012-01-18 21:33:00

The discovery by researchers from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of a molecule that is key to malaria's 'invisibility cloak' will help to better understand how the parasite causes disease and escapes from the defenses mounted by the immune system. The research team, led by Professor Alan Cowman from the institute's Infection and Immunity division, has identified one of the crucial molecules that instructs the parasite to employ its invisibility cloak to hide from the immune system,...

2012-01-18 10:39:42

In the event that a vaccine for the prevention of malaria is licensed and ready for use (such as the research malaria vaccine RTS,S, which currently looks promising), distributing and giving the vaccine to three-month old infants via the World Health Organization's Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) will be the most efficient mechanism in high transmission areas but for lower transmission areas, mass vaccination every 5 years might be a more efficient vaccination strategy, a new study...

2012-01-12 21:53:48

Genome sequencing helps identify essential protein in disease-carrying parasites Researchers from Boston College have discovered a protein that plays a pivotal role in the progression of the deadly diseases toxoplasmosis and malaria and shown that its function could be genetically blocked in order to halt the progress of the parasite-borne illnesses, the team reports in the current edition of the journal Science. The protein, identified as DOC2.1, plays a similar role in the secretion...


Word of the Day
mallemaroking
  • Nautical, the visiting and carousing of sailors in the Greenland ships.
This word is apparently from a confusion of two similar Dutch words: 'mallemerok,' a foolish woman, and 'mallemok,' a name for some persons among the crew of a whaling vessel.