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Latest Astrochemistry Stories

molecular cloud thinkstock 89614446
2014-09-01 04:34:43

Chuck Bednar for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astrophysicists and computational astronomers from the University of California, Santa Cruz have discovered why sibling stars look alike – those formed from a single cloud share the same chemical fingerprint due to early, fast and turbulent mixing of gas in the giant molecular clouds where star formation occurs. Stars are made primarily of hydrogen and helium, but they also contain trace amounts of elements such as carbon, oxygen...

Orion Molecular Cloud Complex
2014-08-28 07:00:10

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Current theories suggest that rocky planets like Earth start their lives as microscopic bits of dust tinier than a grain of sand. Filaments of star-forming gas near the Orion Nebula might be full of pebble-sized particles, according to a new study released by astronomers using the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Green Bank Telescope (GBT). These pebbles are planetary building blocks 100 to 1,000 times larger than the dust...

milky way mystery
2014-08-16 05:05:37

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Newly-created maps of the material located between the stars in the Milky Way could help astronomers solve a nearly century-long mystery involving stardust, according to a new study published in the August 15 edition of the journal Science. Researchers from the University of Ljubljana in Slovenia and Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, along with an international team of colleagues, claim their work demonstrates a new method of...

Stardust spacecraft
2014-08-15 06:44:48

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Seven rare and microscopic particles of space dust collected by instruments onboard NASA’s Stardust mission could be the first samples of contemporary interstellar dust ever obtained by scientists, an international team of researchers report in Friday’s edition of the journal Science. The samples, which were gathered by Stardust’s aerogel and aluminum foil dust collectors, likely originated from outside of our solar system....

absorption wavelength
2014-07-31 02:00:25

Jason Bardi, American Institute of Physics Researchers at Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics Finger Silicon-Capped Hydrocarbons as Possible Source of Mysterious "Diffuse Interstellar Bands" Over the vast, empty reaches of interstellar space, countless small molecules tumble quietly though the cold vacuum. Forged in the fusion furnaces of ancient stars and ejected into space when those stars exploded, these lonely molecules account for a significant amount of all the carbon,...

density of interstellar helium
2014-07-29 05:14:11

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For decades, scientists have been debating over a fog of low-energy X-rays that has been observed over the entire sky. An international group of scientists has used a NASA-funded instrument to resolve this debate. The group refurbished detectors that were first flown on a NASA sounding rocket in the 1970s to confirm that much of this glow is generated by a region of million-degree interstellar plasma known as the local hot bubble (LHB)....

research outlines the story of soot
2014-07-02 03:36:39

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (Berkeley Lab) and the University of Hawaii have uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas-phase molecules into solid particles like soot and other carbon-based compounds. The finding could help combustion chemists make more-efficient, less-polluting fuels and help materials scientists fine-tune their carbon nanotubes and graphene sheets for faster, smaller...

Organic Conundrum In Milky Way’s Satellite Galaxy, The Large Magellanic Cloud
2014-06-23 03:03:26

Royal Astronomical Society A group of organic chemicals that are considered carcinogens and pollutants today on Earth, but are also thought to be the building blocks for the origins of life, may hold clues to how carbon-rich chemicals created in stars are processed and recycled in space. Scientists have studied how polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are created in an aging population of stars in the Milky Way’s satellite galaxy, the Large Magellanic Cloud. They have found that...

Planetary Nebulae Observed Releasing Water-Building Molecules
2014-06-17 11:19:05

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The region in space around a planetary nebula is filled with harsh radiation. Yet despite this hostile environment – the area is seeded with a molecule essential to the formation of water. According to two new studies -- "Herschel Planetary Nebula Survey" and "Herschel spectral mapping of the Helix nebula" -- based on observations from the European Space Agency’s Herschel Observatory, harsh radiation around a planetary nebula does...

space dust nanograins
2014-05-07 16:20:44

WASHINGTON, May 7, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A team of scientists at NASA's Ames Research Center in Moffett Field, Calif., has successfully reproduced, right here on Earth, the processes that occur in the atmosphere of a red giant star and lead to the formation of planet-forming interstellar dust. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO Using a specialized facility, called the Cosmic Simulation Chamber (COSmIC) designed and built at Ames, scientists now are able to...


Latest Astrochemistry Reference Libraries

6_53083d96ff77dbf99c47ef10b6a209332
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Molecular Cloud -- Molecular clouds are interstellar nebulae that have a density and size sufficient to permit the formation of H2, molecular hydrogen. However, this molecule is difficult to detect, and the molecule most used to trace the H2 is CO (carbon monoxide). The ratio between CO luminosity and H2 mass is roughly constant, although there are reasons to doubt this assumption in observations of some other galaxies. In the Milky Way, molecular clouds account for roughly one-half...

6_465ffbdda99223eeee479def3ec0523d2
2004-10-19 04:45:41

Interstellar Cloud -- Interstellar cloud is the generic name given to accumulations of gas and dust in our galaxy. Depending on the density, size and temperature of a given cloud, the hydrogen in it can be neutral (HI clouds) or molecular (molecular clouds). Chemical compositions Analysing the composition of interstellar clouds is achieved by studying electromagnetic radiation that we receive from them. Large radio telescopes scan the intensity in the sky of particular frequencies of...

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Word of the Day
tessitura
  • The prevailing range of a vocal or instrumental part, within which most of the tones lie.
This word is Italian in origin and comes from the Latin 'textura,' web, structure.