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Last updated on April 17, 2014 at 12:12 EDT

Latest Astrocyte Stories

2014-04-09 12:31:28

DUBLIN, April 9, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Research and Markets (http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/kbp6dj/strategic) has announced the addition of the "Strategic Development of Neural Stem & Progenitor Cell Products - 2013 Update" [http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/kbp6dj/strategic ] report to their offering. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 ) Neurogenesis is the process by which neurons are created. This process is most...

2014-04-09 12:31:14

Three molecularly defined clusters could alter practice; 1 closely resembles deadly glioblastoma Comprehensive genomic analysis of low-grade brain tumors sorts them into three categories, one of which has the molecular hallmarks and shortened survival of glioblastoma multiforme, the most lethal of brain tumors, researchers reported at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2014. "The immediate clinical implication is that a group of patients with tumors previously...

2014-03-31 13:37:12

UCLA study discovers potassium boost improves walking in mouse model Tweaking a specific cell type's ability to absorb potassium in the brain improved walking and prolonged survival in a mouse model of Huntington's disease, reports a UCLA study published March 30 in the online edition of Nature Neuroscience. The discovery could point to new drug targets for treating the devastating disease, which strikes one in every 20,000 Americans. Huntington's disease is passed from parent to child...

Researchers Create New Neurons In Brains And Spinal Cords Of Living Adult Mammals
2014-02-27 12:50:49

UT Southwestern Medical Center UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers created new nerve cells in the brains and spinal cords of living mammals without the need for stem cell transplants to replenish lost cells. Although the research indicates it may someday be possible to regenerate neurons from the body's own cells to repair traumatic brain injury or spinal cord damage or to treat conditions such as Alzheimer's disease, the researchers stressed that it is too soon to know whether...

2014-02-11 10:58:55

New research has revealed a previously unknown mechanism in the body which regulates a hormone that is crucial for motivation, stress responses and control of blood pressure, pain and appetite. The breakthrough could be used to design drugs to help fight health problems connected with these functions in the future. Researchers at the University of Bristol and University College London found that lactate – essentially lactic acid – causes cells in the brain to release more noradrenaline...

2014-02-07 12:51:08

Study in human cells may improve ability to identify useful drug targets In most cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's disease, a toxin released by cells that normally nurture neurons in the brain and spinal cord can trigger loss of the nerve cells affected in the disease, Columbia researchers reported today in the online edition of the journal Neuron. The toxin is produced by star-shaped cells called astrocytes and kills nearby motor neurons. In ALS, the death...

2014-01-29 13:07:05

A new study shows that, when properly manipulated, a population of support cells found in the brain called astrocytes could provide a new and promising approach to treat Parkinson's disease. These findings, which were made using an animal model of the disease, demonstrate that a single therapy could simultaneously repair the multiple types of neurological damage caused by Parkinson's, providing an overall benefit that has not been achieved in other approaches. "One of the central...

2014-01-28 12:29:52

DUBLIN, January 28, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Research and Markets (http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/6l52c9/strategic) has announced the addition of the "Strategic Development of Neural Stem & Progenitor Cell Products - 2014 Update" [http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/6l52c9/strategic ] report to their offering. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 ) Neurogenesis is the process by which neurons are created. This process is...

Technology Developed To Regenerate Functional Neurons
2013-12-19 12:28:31

Penn State Researchers at Penn State University have developed an innovative technology to regenerate functional neurons after brain injury, and also in model systems used for research on Alzheimer's disease. The scientists have used supporting cells of the central nervous system, glial cells, to regenerate healthy, functional neurons, which are critical for transmitting signals in the brain. Gong Chen, a professor of biology, the Verne M. Willaman Chair in Life Sciences at Penn State,...

Scientists Film Early Concussion Damage And Describe Brain's Response To Injury
2013-12-09 13:29:47

[ Watch the Video: Concussion Secrets Unveiled with Dr. Dorian McGavern ] NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke There is more than meets the eye following even a mild traumatic brain injury. While the brain may appear to be intact, new findings reported in Nature suggest that the brain's protective coverings may feel the brunt of the impact. Using a newly developed mouse trauma model, senior author Dorian McGavern, Ph.D., scientist at the National...