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Latest Astronomy Stories

Solving The Long-standing Mystery Surrounding The Evolution Of Galaxies
2014-07-08 03:29:57

[ Watch The Video: A Simulated Dwarf Galaxy 800 Million Years After The Big Bang ] The University of Sheffield New research by academics at the University of Sheffield has solved a long-standing mystery surrounding the evolution of galaxies, deepening our understanding of the future of the Milky Way. The supermassive black holes in the cores of some galaxies drive massive outflows of molecular hydrogen gas. As a result, most of the cold gas is expelled from the galaxies. Since...

Voyager 1 Entering Interstellar Space
2014-07-08 03:45:14

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A new “tsunami wave” generated by the sun has helped NASA scientists confirm that Voyager 1 is currently traveling through interstellar space, or the area between the stars that is filled with charged particles known as plasma, the US space agency reported on Monday. Waves like these are what initially led astronomers to conclude that the spacecraft had escaped the magnetic bubble surrounding the sun and planets known as the...

milky way simulation
2014-07-07 07:13:31

Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) Astronomers investigating behavior of the universe shortly after the Big Bang have made a surprising discovery: the properties of the early universe are determined by the smallest galaxies. The team report their findings in a paper published today in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Shortly after the Big Bang, the universe was ionized: ordinary matter consisted of hydrogen with its positively charged protons stripped of...

HESS-II telescope
2014-07-05 05:47:46

CNRS (Délégation Paris Michel-Ange) The HESS-II (High Energy Stereoscopic System) telescope in Namibia has detected gamma rays of only 30 Giga electron volts (GeV) from the Vela pulsar. This is the first pulsar to be detected by HESS and the second - after Crab in 2011 - to be spotted by ground-based gamma ray telescopes. These results have been obtained by the HESS collaboration involving the CNRS and CEA. The HESS experiment in Namibia, which was upgraded in 2012, now boasts a fifth...

Using A Stellar Ultrasound To Determine Ages Of Young Stars
2014-07-04 11:40:33

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Before they become full-fledged stars, young embryonic stars are essentially contracting molecular clouds of gas and dust particles. The age of these ‘baby stars’ is difficult to gauge, but a newly published study in the journal Science has revealed scientists used a technique similar to ultrasound technology to determine the age of these young stars. "Think of it as ultrasound of stellar embryos," explained study author Jaymie...

Comet Pan-STARRS Sweeps Across the Sky
2014-07-04 03:42:26

Whitney Clavin, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory NASA's NEOWISE mission captured a series of pictures of comet C/2012 K1 -- also known as comet Pan-STARRS -- as it swept across our skies in May 2014. The comet is named after the astronomical survey project called the Panoramic Survey Telescope and Rapid Response System in Hawaii, which discovered the icy visitor in May 2012. Comet Pan-STARRS hails from the outer fringes of our solar system, from a vast and distant reservoir of...

NASA's STEREO Mission Being Prepped For Upcoming Orbital Phase
2014-07-04 10:27:41

[ Watch the Video: STEREO Solar Conjunction ] Gerard LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA’s STEREO mission began in 2006 and has been providing scientists with images from the far side of the sun since February 2011. The spacecraft duo that were placed in orbit around the sun are now about to embark on the next phase of their mission. The two STEREO (Solar Transfer Relations Observatory) probes orbit the sun at different speeds and different locations. “Both...

Scientists Reformulate Their Knowledge Of Dark Matter
2014-07-04 09:21:15

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For decades, the mystery of Dark Matter has been at the forefront of physics research. Since the 1930s, scientists have been aware that all of the mass that we can see – the stars, the dust, the planets, and black holes – makes up only 20% of the Universe. The rest, it seems, is made of some other form of matter; something different than the protons, neutrons, and electrons that we are most familiar with. There were many...

Planetary System Gliese 581
2014-07-04 06:31:29

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Gliese 581g, described as one of the most Earth-like planets when it was originally discovered four years ago, probably does not exist, researchers from Penn State University and the University of Texas at Austin report in the latest edition of the journal Science. Officially, lead author Paul Robertson of Penn State’s Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds and his colleagues write that the existence of Gliese 581g is...

newly discovered planet in binary system
2014-07-04 04:31:19

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Astronomers have located a new terrestrial planet in a binary star system located roughly 3,000 light-years from Earth, according to new research appearing in the July 4 edition of the journal Science. Ohio State University professor Andrew Gould and four international teams of scientists used the technique of gravitational microlensing to discover the new planet, which is roughly twice the mass of Earth and orbits one of its...


Latest Astronomy Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

Planetary Astronomy
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: Artistic concept of a planetary system. Credit: Wikipedia/NASA/JPL-Caltech The term Astronomy encompasses a broad range of topics, including the study of stars, galaxies, and planets. In order to focus on the different areas of study, many subfields of astronomy emerge. One such area is the study of planets known, appropriately, as Planetary Astronomy. Observational Planetary Astronomy Even within the field of Planetary Astronomy, there are several divisions to...

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: NGC 4414, a typical spiral galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, is about 56,000 light-years in diameter and approximately 60 million light-years distant. Credit: NASA/ESA/Wikipedia What is Astrophysics? For much of the modern age the term Astrophysics has been used synonymously with Astronomy. This interchange is so common that many textbooks even offer the two as having the same meaning. However, from a strictly historical perspective there are differences...

Tropic of Capricorn
2013-02-21 13:31:57

The Tropic of Capricorn, alternately called the Southern Tropic, is a marker of the most southerly latitude on the Earth at which the Sun can be directly overhead. This occurs at the December solstice, when the southern hemisphere is tilted towards the sun at its maximum degree. It is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. It presently lies 23 degrees 26’ 16’’ south of the Equator. Currently, the Tropic of Capricorn is drifting towards the north at...

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Word of the Day
call-note
  • The call or cry of a bird or other animal to its mate or its young.
'Call-note' is newer than 'bird-call,' which originally referred to 'an instrument for imitating the note of birds' but now also refers to 'the song or cry of a bird.'
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