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Latest Astronomy Stories

Scientists Create The First 360-Degree Virtual Map Of The Milky Way
2014-03-21 07:25:44

[ Watch the Video: 360-Degree View of the Milky Way ] Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope has been busy studying stars, asteroids, galaxies and other outer space objects over the past 10 years and a University of Wisconsin team of scientists has now used more than two million images produced by Spitzer to create a virtual 360-degree mosaic of our Milky Way. The team presented the new interactive map Thursday at the TEDActive 2014...

Hardy Star Survives Supernova Blast
2014-03-21 05:24:03

[ Watch the Video: What Is A Supernova? ] NASA When a massive star runs out of fuel, it collapses and explodes as a supernova. Although these explosions are extremely powerful, it is possible for a companion star to endure the blast. A team of astronomers using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes has found evidence for one of these survivors. This hardy star is in a stellar explosion’s debris field − also called its supernova remnant − located in an HII...

2014-03-20 16:21:06

WASHINGTON, March 20, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Touring the Milky Way now is as easy as clicking a button with NASA's new zoomable, 360-degree mosaic presented Thursday at the TEDActive 2014 Conference in Vancouver, Canada. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO The star-studded panorama of our galaxy is constructed from more than 2 million infrared snapshots taken over the past 10 years by NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope. "If we actually printed this out, we'd...

Amphibians, Dinosaurs Were The New Large Predators After The Mass Extinction
2014-03-20 12:37:13

University of Zurich 252 million years ago the largest extinction event occurred at the end of the Permian age. It wiped out almost 90 percent of all life in water. So far researchers had assumed that the ecosystems gradually recovered from this catastrophe over a long stretch of eight to nine million years and that large predators at the uppermost end of the food chain were the last to reappear. A Swiss-American team of palaeontologists headed by Torsten Scheyer and Carlo Romano from the...

radiation belts
2014-03-20 04:40:46

[ Watch the Video: Van Allen Probes See Zebra Stripes ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Data from NASA’s twin Van Allen Probes has led to the discovery of a new, potentially dangerous zebra-striped structure located in Earth’s inner radiation belt, according to new research appearing in Wednesday’s edition of the journal Nature. In the paper, lead author Aleksandr Ukhorskiy of the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) and his colleagues explain...

2014-03-19 23:00:59

An NJIT physicist is a collaborator in the discovery of a new structure in Earth’s inner radiation belt -- a zebra-striped structure of highly energized electrons that could endanger humans in space and also damage low-earth navigation and communication satellites. Newark, NJ (PRWEB) March 19, 2014 An NJIT physicist is a collaborator in the discovery of a new structure in Earth’s inner radiation belt -- a zebra-striped structure of highly energized electrons that could endanger humans...

Extreme Space Weather In 2012 Resulted In Fastest Solar Wind Speed Ever Recorded
2014-03-19 05:25:02

[ Watch the Video: STEREO Captures Fastest CME to Date ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers have uncovered the origin and cause of an extreme space weather event that took place July 22, 2012 on the sun which generated the fastest solar wind speed ever recorded directly by a solar wind instrument. The formation of the powerful event showed remarkable features as a massive cloud of solar material erupted off the sun's right side, zooming out into...

Collage of galaxies in the Herschel Reference Survey
2014-03-18 19:58:57

ESA The largest census of dust in local galaxies has been completed using data from ESA’s Herschel space observatory, providing a huge legacy to the scientific community. Cosmic dust grains are a minor but fundamental ingredient in the recipe of gas and dust for creating stars and planets. But despite its importance, there is an incomplete picture of the dust properties in galaxies beyond our own Milky Way. Key questions include how the dust varies with the type of galaxy, and how...

Reconstructing The Death Of Supernovae In 3D Offers New Insights
2014-03-18 13:29:42

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An astrophysicist has created a new three-dimensional model that provides new insight into the death throes of supernovae. The model, created by W. David Arnett, Regents Professor of Astrophysics at the University of Arizona, is the first to represent the start of a supernova collapse in 3D. It shows how the turbulent mixing of elements inside the dying stars causes them to expand, contract and spit out matter before exploding....

2014-03-18 12:22:39

Turbulent Mixing Inside Stars Causes them to Expand, Contract, Eject and Explode, According to 3-D Model Described in the Journal "AIP Advances" WASHINGTON, March 18, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A powerful, new three-dimensional model provides fresh insight into the turbulent death throes of supernovas, whose final explosions outshine entire galaxies and populate the universe with elements that make life on Earth possible....


Latest Astronomy Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

Planetary Astronomy
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: Artistic concept of a planetary system. Credit: Wikipedia/NASA/JPL-Caltech The term Astronomy encompasses a broad range of topics, including the study of stars, galaxies, and planets. In order to focus on the different areas of study, many subfields of astronomy emerge. One such area is the study of planets known, appropriately, as Planetary Astronomy. Observational Planetary Astronomy Even within the field of Planetary Astronomy, there are several divisions to...

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: NGC 4414, a typical spiral galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, is about 56,000 light-years in diameter and approximately 60 million light-years distant. Credit: NASA/ESA/Wikipedia What is Astrophysics? For much of the modern age the term Astrophysics has been used synonymously with Astronomy. This interchange is so common that many textbooks even offer the two as having the same meaning. However, from a strictly historical perspective there are differences...

Tropic of Capricorn
2013-02-21 13:31:57

The Tropic of Capricorn, alternately called the Southern Tropic, is a marker of the most southerly latitude on the Earth at which the Sun can be directly overhead. This occurs at the December solstice, when the southern hemisphere is tilted towards the sun at its maximum degree. It is one of the five major circles of latitude that mark maps of the Earth. It presently lies 23 degrees 26’ 16’’ south of the Equator. Currently, the Tropic of Capricorn is drifting towards the north at...

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