Latest Astroparticle physics Stories

Dark Matter Detector Gets Helping Hand From Livermore Team
2012-11-16 05:58:38

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Nearly a mile underground beneath the Black Hills of South Dakota, scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) are using a tank to make key contributions to a physics experiment that will look for one of nature's most elusive particles, "dark matter." The Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment located at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, SD is the most sensitive detector of its kind to look for...

Prestigious Panofsky Prize Won By Stanford's Blas Cabrera For Dark Matter Work
2012-10-03 09:14:11

The search for dark matter runs deep with physicists Blas Cabrera and Bernard Sadoulet, who have chased this mystery far underground and will be recognized for their work as joint recipients of the 2013 W.K.H. Panofsky Prize in Experimental Particle Physics. The search for dark matter runs deep with physicists Blas Cabrera and Bernard Sadoulet, who have chased this mystery far underground and will be recognized for their work as joint recipients of the 2013 W.K.H. Panofsky Prize in...

Cosmic Rays To Be Studied By University Of Utah
2012-09-26 12:06:39

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The University of Utah has plans to build a new observatory facility to study high energy cosmic rays, thanks to a $1 million grant from the W.M. Keck Foundation. These cosmic rays, which are 10 trillion times more energetic than particles emitted during a nuclear explosion, originate from violent cosmic events deep within the universe and hurtle their way towards Earth. The grant will allow a team of researchers to develop a new...

2012-08-21 17:05:23

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A debate that has been raging over the distribution of matter in the universe can finally be put to bed thanks to the WiggleZ Dark Matter survey that was conducted over 276 nights from August 2006 to January 2011. The majority of physicists believe that the matter in the universe is distributed evenly on the largest scales and this outlook has fueled everything from Einstein´s equations to calculations that are the foundation for...

Predicting Solar Storms
2012-08-14 15:05:57

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Predicting solar flares still remains a hit-or-miss task for scientists, but new research may shed more light on helping to predict just when the events could occur. Researchers discovered a new method to predict solar flares more than a day before they occur, which could help provide advanced warnings to protect satellites, power grids and astronauts. As the sun transitions into "solar maximum" next year, more solar activity is...

2012-08-13 15:05:08

Gamma-ray photons seen emanating from the center of the Milky Way galaxy are consistent with the intriguing possibility that dark-matter particles are annihilating each other in space, according to research submitted by UC Irvine astrophysicists to the American Physical Society journal Physical Review D. Kevork Abazajian, assistant professor, and Manoj Kaplinghat, associate professor, of the Department of Physics & Astronomy analyzed data collected between August 2008 and June 2012...

There's Plenty Of Dark Matter Near The Sun
2012-08-09 14:54:46

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers at the University of Zurich, ETH Zurich, the University of Leicester and NOAC Beijing have found large amounts of invisible "dark matter" near the Sun. They also found tantalizing hints of a new dark matter component within our own galaxy. The study results, which will be published in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, are consistent with the theory that the Milky Way is surrounded by a massive...

Cosmic Ray Origins Still A Mystery
2012-08-01 05:01:58

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In August, physicists will gather to celebrate a century of research since the discovery of cosmic rays. It is widely accepted that cosmic rays are the nuclei of atoms, from the full array of naturally occurring elements that travel at near-light-speeds for millions of years before reaching Earth. What isn't known yet is where these cosmic rays originate. Alan Watson, emeritus professor of physics at the University of Leeds, provides...

Search For Dark Matter: XENON100 Search Sets Record Limits
2012-07-19 06:09:01

Scientists from the XENON collaboration announced a new result from their search for dark matter. The analysis of data taken with the XENON100 detector during 13 months of operation at the Gran Sasso Laboratory (Italy) provided no evidence for the existence of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs), the leading dark matter candidates. Two events being observed are statistically consistent with one expected event from background radiation. Compared to their previous 2011 result the...

Black Holes Could Help Detect Hypothetical Particle
2012-06-19 05:48:11

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com Scientists have determined that previously undetected particles could be seen as they accumulate around black holes. Vienna University of Technology scientists have discovered a method to prove the existence of hypothetical "axions," which are particles with a very low mass. “The existence of axions is not proven, but it is considered to be quite likely”, Daniel Grumiller, a researcher on the project, said in a press release. Grumiller,...

Latest Astroparticle physics Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:44

WIMP -- In astronomy, WIMPs, or weakly interacting massive particles, figure into one explanation of the dark matter problem. The particles are called "weakly interacting" because they seem not to have much interaction with normal matter (electrons, protons, and neutrons) other than gravitational attraction (thus "massive"). Assuming that there are Weakly Interacting Massive Particles, these particles would then fall out of equilibrium with the universe when they are non-relativistic....

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Massive Compact Halo Object (MACHO) -- Massive compact halo objects, or MACHOs, are a type of astronomical body proposed as one possible explanation for the presence of dark matter in galactic halos. A MACHO is a small chunk of normal baryonic matter, far smaller than a star, which drifts through interstellar space unassociated with any solar system. Since MACHOs would not emit any light of their own, they would be very hard to detect. Recent work has suggested that MACHOs are not...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Cosmic Rays -- Cosmic Rays. Cosmic rays are energetic particles that are found in space and filter through our atmosphere. Cosmic rays have interested scientists for many different reasons. They come from all directions in space, and the origination of many of these cosmic rays is unknown. Cosmic rays were originally discovered because of the ionozation they produce in our atmosphere. Cosmic rays also have an extreme energy range of incident particles, which have allowed physicists to...

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Word of the Day
  • Nautical, the visiting and carousing of sailors in the Greenland ships.
This word is apparently from a confusion of two similar Dutch words: 'mallemerok,' a foolish woman, and 'mallemok,' a name for some persons among the crew of a whaling vessel.