Latest Astroparticle physics Stories

Cosmic Ray Origins Still A Mystery
2012-08-01 05:01:58

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In August, physicists will gather to celebrate a century of research since the discovery of cosmic rays. It is widely accepted that cosmic rays are the nuclei of atoms, from the full array of naturally occurring elements that travel at near-light-speeds for millions of years before reaching Earth. What isn't known yet is where these cosmic rays originate. Alan Watson, emeritus professor of physics at the University of Leeds, provides...

Search For Dark Matter: XENON100 Search Sets Record Limits
2012-07-19 06:09:01

Scientists from the XENON collaboration announced a new result from their search for dark matter. The analysis of data taken with the XENON100 detector during 13 months of operation at the Gran Sasso Laboratory (Italy) provided no evidence for the existence of Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs), the leading dark matter candidates. Two events being observed are statistically consistent with one expected event from background radiation. Compared to their previous 2011 result the...

Black Holes Could Help Detect Hypothetical Particle
2012-06-19 05:48:11

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com Scientists have determined that previously undetected particles could be seen as they accumulate around black holes. Vienna University of Technology scientists have discovered a method to prove the existence of hypothetical "axions," which are particles with a very low mass. “The existence of axions is not proven, but it is considered to be quite likely”, Daniel Grumiller, a researcher on the project, said in a press release. Grumiller,...

2012-06-12 07:47:27

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com NASA said that its Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope detected the highest-energy light ever associated with an eruption on the sun on March 7. The latest discovery, according to the space agency, is echoing in Fermi's new role as a solar observatory, which is a tool that is being used to understand solar outbursts. The March 7 flare was a class X5.4, and is the strongest eruption so far observed by Fermi's Large Area Telescope (LAT). "For most of Fermi's...

Mysterious Dark Matter Becomes More Mysterious
2012-04-18 11:33:19

[ Watch the Video ] According to a new study, large amounts of dark matter do not surround the Sun, despite some widely accepted theories. Some scientists believe that the Sun is accompanied by dark matter, which is an invisible substance that can only be detected indirectly by the gravitational force its exerts. Theories predict that the average amount of dark matter in the Sun's part of the galaxy should be in the range of .88-pounds to 2.2-pounds of dark matter in a volume the...

Dwarf Galaxies Observations Provide New Insights On Dark Matter
2012-04-04 06:43:14

[ Watch the Video ] There's more to the cosmos than meets the eye. About 80 percent of the matter in the universe is invisible to telescopes, yet its gravitational influence is manifest in the orbital speeds of stars around galaxies and in the motions of clusters of galaxies. Yet, despite decades of effort, no one knows what this "dark matter" really is. Many scientists think it's likely that the mystery will be solved with the discovery of new kinds of subatomic particles, types...

Image 1 - Fermi Shows That Tycho's Star Shines In Gamma Rays
2011-12-13 11:56:08

[ Watch the Video ] In early November 1572, observers on Earth witnessed the appearance of a "new star" in the constellation Cassiopeia, an event now recognized as the brightest naked-eye supernova in more than 400 years. It's often called "Tycho's supernova" after the great Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe, who gained renown for his extensive study of the object. Now, years of data collected by NASA's Fermi Gamma-Ray Space Telescope reveal that the shattered star's remains shine in...

2011-11-28 17:26:00

New research adds doubt that a prominent European astrophysics experiment may have found evidence of dark matter. In an interview, Stanford´s Stefan Funk and Justin Vandenbroucke talk about their findings, as well as how they tricked a telescope into searching for particles it wasn´t designed to detect. Like jazz musicians who make up a melody as they go along, scientists often improvise even after an experiment is underway. One recent example of this comes from the Fermi...

Physicists Set Strongest Limit On Mass Of Dark Matter
2011-11-25 04:21:29

Brown University physicists have set the strongest limit for the mass of dark matter, the mysterious particles believed to make up nearly a quarter of the universe. The researchers report in Physical Review Letters that dark matter must have a mass greater than 40 giga-electron volts. The distinction is important because it casts doubt on recent results from underground experiments that have reported detecting dark matter. If dark matter exists in the universe, scientists now have set the...

Latest Astroparticle physics Reference Libraries

2004-10-19 04:45:44

WIMP -- In astronomy, WIMPs, or weakly interacting massive particles, figure into one explanation of the dark matter problem. The particles are called "weakly interacting" because they seem not to have much interaction with normal matter (electrons, protons, and neutrons) other than gravitational attraction (thus "massive"). Assuming that there are Weakly Interacting Massive Particles, these particles would then fall out of equilibrium with the universe when they are non-relativistic....

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Massive Compact Halo Object (MACHO) -- Massive compact halo objects, or MACHOs, are a type of astronomical body proposed as one possible explanation for the presence of dark matter in galactic halos. A MACHO is a small chunk of normal baryonic matter, far smaller than a star, which drifts through interstellar space unassociated with any solar system. Since MACHOs would not emit any light of their own, they would be very hard to detect. Recent work has suggested that MACHOs are not...

2004-10-19 04:45:41

Cosmic Rays -- Cosmic Rays. Cosmic rays are energetic particles that are found in space and filter through our atmosphere. Cosmic rays have interested scientists for many different reasons. They come from all directions in space, and the origination of many of these cosmic rays is unknown. Cosmic rays were originally discovered because of the ionozation they produce in our atmosphere. Cosmic rays also have an extreme energy range of incident particles, which have allowed physicists to...

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Word of the Day
  • A style of popular dance music originating along the border between Texas and Mexico, characterized by the use of accordion, drums, and 12-string bass guitar and traditionally based on polka, waltz, and bolero rhythms.
The word 'conjunto' comes through Spanish, from Latin coniūnctus, past participle of coniungere, to join together; see conjoin