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What Lit Up The Universe

What Lit Up The Universe?

Rebecca Caygill, University College London New research from UCL shows we will soon uncover the origin of the ultraviolet light that bathes the cosmos, helping scientists understand how galaxies were built. The study published today in The...

Latest Astrophysics Stories

Hypatia Catalog
2014-08-20 04:20:02

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The largest catalog ever assembled for stellar compositions was unveiled this week by Arizona State University (ASU) alumna Natalie Hinkle. Hinkle, who graduated in 2012 from ASU with a doctorate in astrophysics, named her project the Hypatia Catalog after one of the first female astronomers who lived ~350 AD in Alexandria. The catalog is described in an upcoming issue of The Astronomical Journal. The new catalog is critical to...

supernova SN 2014J
2014-08-14 10:48:55

NASA/Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics New data from NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory offer a glimpse into the environment of a star before it exploded earlier this year, and insight into what triggered one of the closest supernovas witnessed in decades. The data gathered on the Jan. 21 explosion, a Type Ia supernova, allowed scientists to rule out one possible cause. These supernovas may be triggered when a white dwarf takes on too much mass from its companion star,...

black hole growth
2014-08-12 07:56:18

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Several processes typically limit how quickly black holes can grow, so how did those located at the ends of the universe come to have masses equal to several billion suns? Researchers from the Wiezmann Institute of Science and Yale University have proposed a potential solution in the latest edition of the journal Science. These enormous black holes, the study authors noted in a statement, consume large quantities of interstellar...

Hurricane Julio Gamma Ray Flash
2014-08-08 02:00:26

Francis Reddy and Rob Gutro, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center NASA's Fermi and Aqua satellites captured two different views of bursts of strength show by Hurricane Julio as it intensified. NASA's Fermi satellite saw a gamma-ray flash from Julio, while NASA's Aqua satellite saw Julio become more structurally organized as a hurricane. Fermi Spots Julio's Gamma-Ray Flash Shortly after 4:19 a.m. EDT on Monday, Aug. 4, NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope showed that Julio packs a...

zombie star after supernova
2014-08-07 07:21:49

Felicia Chou, NASA Headquarters and Donna Weaver / Ray Villard, Space Telescope Science Institute Using NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, a team of astronomers has spotted a star system that could have left behind a “zombie star” after an unusually weak supernova explosion. A supernova typically obliterates the exploding white dwarf, or dying star. On this occasion, scientists believe this faint supernova may have left behind a surviving portion of the dwarf star -- a sort of zombie...

2014-08-06 12:22:15

WASHINGTON, Aug. 6, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope, a team of astronomers has spotted a star system that could have left behind a "zombie star" after an unusually weak supernova explosion. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO A supernova typically obliterates the exploding white dwarf, or dying star. On this occasion, scientists believe this faint supernova may have left behind a surviving portion of the dwarf star -- a sort of...

sun EUNIS mission
2014-08-04 03:10:08

Karen C. Fox, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center Scientists have recently gathered some of the strongest evidence to date to explain what makes the sun's outer atmosphere so much hotter than its surface. The new observations of the small-scale extremely hot temperatures are consistent with only one current theory: something called nanoflares – a constant peppering of impulsive bursts of heating, none of which can be individually detected -- provide the mysterious extra heat. [ Watch:...

solar flare
2014-08-03 04:01:03

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online University of Bristol’s professor of Aerospace Engineering Ashley Dale cautions that “solar super-storms” are going to cause “catastrophic” and “long-lasting” impacts if we continue to ignore the threat of such storms. Dale is a member of the international task force SolarMAX, which was designed to identify the risks of a solar storm and how humanity could minimize the risks. He believes that a particularly violent...

white dwarf star in V407 Cygni
2014-07-31 16:20:44

J.D. Harrington, NASA Headquarters Observations by NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope of several stellar eruptions, called novae, firmly establish these relatively common outbursts almost always produce gamma rays, the most energetic form of light. "There's a saying that one is a fluke, two is a coincidence, and three is a class, and we're now at four novae and counting with Fermi," said Teddy Cheung, an astrophysicist at the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington, and the lead...

2014-07-31 12:21:53

WASHINGTON, July 31, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope have unexpectedly discovered the most distant galaxy that acts as a cosmic magnifying glass. Seen here as it looked 9.6 billion years ago, this monster elliptical galaxy breaks the previous record-holder by 200 million years. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO These "lensing" galaxies are so massive that their gravity bends, magnifies, and distorts light from...


Latest Astrophysics Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: NGC 4414, a typical spiral galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, is about 56,000 light-years in diameter and approximately 60 million light-years distant. Credit: NASA/ESA/Wikipedia What is Astrophysics? For much of the modern age the term Astrophysics has been used synonymously with Astronomy. This interchange is so common that many textbooks even offer the two as having the same meaning. However, from a strictly historical perspective there are differences...

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Physics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Physics is a natural science involving the study of matter and its motion through space-time, along with related concepts such as energy and force. On a broader scale, it also involves the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Physics was part of natural philosophy until the Scientific Revolution in the 16th century, when the natural...

Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
2012-04-25 09:55:47

The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published quarterly by Springer Science Business Media. The editor-in-chief is Thierry Courvoisier. It was first published in April 1989. The journal covers all areas of astronomy and astrophysics, including cosmic ray physics, studies in the solar system, astrobiology, developments in laboratory or particle physics relevant to astronomy, instrumentation, computational or statistical methods with specific...

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Word of the Day
cenobite
  • One of a religious order living in a convent or in community; a monk: opposed to anchoret or hermit (one who lives in solitude).
  • A social bee.
This word comes from the Latin 'coenobium,' convent, which comes from the Greek 'koinobios,' living in community.
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