Latest Astrophysics Stories

Hardy Star Survives Supernova Blast
2014-03-21 05:24:03

[ Watch the Video: What Is A Supernova? ] NASA When a massive star runs out of fuel, it collapses and explodes as a supernova. Although these explosions are extremely powerful, it is possible for a companion star to endure the blast. A team of astronomers using NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and other telescopes has found evidence for one of these survivors. This hardy star is in a stellar explosion’s debris field − also called its supernova remnant − located in an HII...

2014-03-18 12:22:39

Turbulent Mixing Inside Stars Causes them to Expand, Contract, Eject and Explode, According to 3-D Model Described in the Journal "AIP Advances" WASHINGTON, March 18, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A powerful, new three-dimensional model provides fresh insight into the turbulent death throes of supernovas, whose final explosions outshine entire galaxies and populate the universe with elements that make life on Earth possible....

NASA's WISE Spacecraft Has Yet To Uncover Planet 'X' Beyond Pluto
2014-03-10 08:36:02

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online While NASA’s Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) has uncovered thousands of new stars during its multi-year mission, it has been unable to collect any evidence supporting the supposed existence of a large but unseen celestial body believed to be located somewhere beyond Pluto’s orbit. This supposed celestial body is commonly referred to as “Planet X” -- alternatively “Nemesis” or “Tyche." However, despite the...

Astronomers Use Cluster Of Galaxies As A Giant Telescope
2014-03-10 06:33:20

[ Watch the Video: A Telescope Bigger Than A Galaxy ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online On a starry night, around 400 years ago, Galileo turned his primitive spyglass toward the sky. In just a few nights, he learned more about the stars than all of the scientists and philosophers before him, combined. Since those historic nights, astronomers have operated under a single imperative: make bigger telescopes. The power of optics has grown a million-fold as the 21st...

A Wide Range Of Masses Observed In Type Ia Supernovae
2014-03-04 13:06:14

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers, publishing a paper in the Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, show how Type Ia supernovae have a range of masses. Scientists have been confident in knowing why Type Ia supernovae are all so much alike. Most of them assumed that carbon-oxygen white dwarf stars capture additional mass by stripping it from a companion star or by merging with another white dwarf. Scientists assumed this class of supernova were...

2014-03-01 05:57:56

Karen C. Fox, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center A giant sunspot – a magnetically strong and complex region on the sun's surface – has just appeared over the sun's horizon. This is the third trip for this region across the face of the sun, which takes approximately 27 days to make a complete rotation. Scientists track sunspots that are part of active regions, which often produce large explosions on the sun such as solar flares and coronal mass ejections, or CMEs. Each time an active...

2014-03-01 05:17:23

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new superpowered small black hole, called MQ1, has been discovered by a team of Australian and American astronomers who were studying nearby galaxy M83. MQ1 is the first object of its kind to be studied in this much detail. Previously, astronomers have found a few compact objects as powerful as MQ1, but they have been unable to calculate the size of the black hole contained within until now. Using multiple telescopes, the team's...

Spiral Galaxy M81 is an example of a fat bulgy galaxy
2014-02-28 11:19:26

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A pair of Australian astrophysicists has shown that the shape of a galaxy is determined by how fast it spins, according to a new report in The Astrophysical Journal. Part of “The Evolving Universe” research series at the ARC Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO) in Australia, the new study concluded that fatter spiral galaxies are relatively slow spinning, while thinner spiral galaxies are rotating are higher...

2014-02-27 23:21:16

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Red Dead Redemption: Black Holes Bully Galaxies Into Submission
2014-02-26 15:13:15

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Typically filled with only the oldest stars, which are relatively low in mass and appear red, giant elliptical galaxies have long baffled astronomers. These galaxies are mysteriously shut down with respect to star-forming activity – a status scientists refer to as “red and dead.” These galaxies are thought to be low on cold gas, an important raw material for star forming, but a new study in the Monthly Notices of the Royal...

Latest Astrophysics Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: NGC 4414, a typical spiral galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, is about 56,000 light-years in diameter and approximately 60 million light-years distant. Credit: NASA/ESA/Wikipedia What is Astrophysics? For much of the modern age the term Astrophysics has been used synonymously with Astronomy. This interchange is so common that many textbooks even offer the two as having the same meaning. However, from a strictly historical perspective there are differences...

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Physics is a natural science involving the study of matter and its motion through space-time, along with related concepts such as energy and force. On a broader scale, it also involves the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Physics was part of natural philosophy until the Scientific Revolution in the 16th century, when the natural...

Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
2012-04-25 09:55:47

The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published quarterly by Springer Science Business Media. The editor-in-chief is Thierry Courvoisier. It was first published in April 1989. The journal covers all areas of astronomy and astrophysics, including cosmic ray physics, studies in the solar system, astrobiology, developments in laboratory or particle physics relevant to astronomy, instrumentation, computational or statistical methods with specific...

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