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Latest Astrophysics Stories

2013-07-15 23:00:18

“Bright Hole Cosmos” was featured in the upcoming BookExpo America. Quebec (PRWEB) July 16, 2013 In 1929, Edwin Hubble discovered that the universe is in fact expanding at an enormous speed. This revolutionary discovery further supported the Big Bang theory which would, to this day, be the prevailing paradigm in cosmology. Author Andre Trepanier is not totally satisfied with this cosmological model and in his quest for answers, he discovered a defendable alternative theory: the...

Life Of Eskimo Nebula Coming To A Beautiful End
2013-07-13 08:19:42

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online At the end of their lives, stars like our Sun become remarkably photogenic. For example, NGC 2392, located approximately 4,200 light years from Earth, is giving astronomers a beautiful display as it nears the end of its existence. NGC 2392, referred to as a "planetary nebula," has been nicknamed the Eskimo Nebula; however "planetary nebula" is misleading because nebulae have nothing to do with planets. Rather, the term is an...

Dusty Plasmas Illuminated By Space Station For A Wide Range Of Research
2013-07-11 11:57:27

NASA One of the most frequently-used physics laboratories on the International Space Station recently completed its final set of experiments. The Plasma Kristall Experiment (PK-3 Plus) lab, a Russian-German cooperation in operation since January 2006, has provided new insight into an unusual type of matter called plasma crystals. Though the experiment runs came to a close on June 14, the research continues to open an exciting world of potential technological spin-offs in medicine,...

Magnetic Waves Responsible For Keeping Sun's Corona Heated
2013-07-09 15:10:08

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers at the 44th meeting of the Solar Physics Division (SPD) of the American Astronomical Society are shedding light on the Sun's coronal heating mystery. The team found evidence magnetic waves in a polar coronal hole contain enough energy to heat the corona and deposit most of their energy at sufficiently low heights for the heat to spread throughout the corona. Their observations help answer a 60-year-old solar physics mystery...

Space Weather Prediction Systems Need To Be More Reliable
2013-07-06 04:29:18

John P. Millis, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com – Your Universe Online The residents of Earth have a vested interest in being able to accurately predict solar activity, particularly events such as solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CMEs). These eruptions spew energetic charged particles into the solar system at fantastic rates, which have the potential to damage orbiting satellites and even ground based power grids. Our first line of defense against solar activity is knowing when to...

Astronomers Detect Relatively Cool Supernova Remnant
2013-07-05 14:00:28

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online An international team of astronomers detected surprisingly low temperatures in the remnant of the supernova 1987A, helping to explain the mystery of why space is filled with dust grains and molecules. The team used the Herschel Space Observatory and Atacama Millimeter and Submillimeter Array (ALMA) to study the supernova remnant. They were able to find a vast reservoir of unexpectedly cold molecules and dust. "The powerful explosion...

Fascinating Features On Sun Captured By Solar Dynamics Observatory
2013-07-05 13:32:39

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists studying the solar atmosphere have spotted some fascinating moving features in the Sun's sky. A team using the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) telescope on board the Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) satellite has found unusual solar prominences, including: a giant disc that rotates for several hours; feathery streams as long as fifty Earths; a super-heated jet striking the top of a prominence; and twisted ribbons flowing...

Scientists Study Coronal Loops To Gain Insight Into Solar Dynamics
2013-07-02 18:21:44

John P. Mills, Ph.D. for redOrbit.com -- Your Universe Online Solar flares and the even more violent Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) are spectacular events, driving enormous amounts of energy and streams of charged particles into space. While researchers have had the opportunity to study these events for decades, we are still learning about what initiates these explosions. Previous studies have revealed that twisted magnetic field lines within the solar structure will pierce the surface...

Liverpool Telescope Successor In The Works
2013-07-02 04:32:37

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The scientific community is designing a successor to the 2-meter Liverpool Telescope (LT) located on La Palma. The Astrophysics Research Institute of Liverpool John Moores University (LJMU), which owns and operates LT, is developing plans for the new telescope. So far, they've said Liverpool Telescope 2 (LT2) will be a 4-meter class facility. "We've been having productive talks with the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias and hope...

Astronomers Discover New Way To Map Out Quasars
2013-07-01 12:24:07

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers said at a Royal Astronomical Society Meeting in St Andrews, Scotland on Monday that they have found a new way to map out quasars. Quasars are energetic and luminous central regions found in distant galaxies. When a star passes too close to a giant black hole, it is shredded by the gravitational field, producing a flare-up in the brightness of an otherwise normal looking galaxy. Astronomers observed this effect and found...


Latest Astrophysics Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: NGC 4414, a typical spiral galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, is about 56,000 light-years in diameter and approximately 60 million light-years distant. Credit: NASA/ESA/Wikipedia What is Astrophysics? For much of the modern age the term Astrophysics has been used synonymously with Astronomy. This interchange is so common that many textbooks even offer the two as having the same meaning. However, from a strictly historical perspective there are differences...

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Physics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Physics is a natural science involving the study of matter and its motion through space-time, along with related concepts such as energy and force. On a broader scale, it also involves the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Physics was part of natural philosophy until the Scientific Revolution in the 16th century, when the natural...

Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
2012-04-25 09:55:47

The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published quarterly by Springer Science Business Media. The editor-in-chief is Thierry Courvoisier. It was first published in April 1989. The journal covers all areas of astronomy and astrophysics, including cosmic ray physics, studies in the solar system, astrobiology, developments in laboratory or particle physics relevant to astronomy, instrumentation, computational or statistical methods with specific...

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