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Latest Astrophysics Stories

Hostile Weather Balloon At Heart Of Milky Way
2013-10-03 15:13:50

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online We live in relative safety, far away from immense explosions, extreme weather, and chaotic interactions. Of course, I speak of our little corner of the Milky Way, nearly two-thirds of the way out from the galactic center, nestled between two spiral arms. This relatively sparse section of the cosmos stands in stark contracts to the center of the galaxy, where star formation, supernovae and intense space-weather would make life as...

2013-10-02 23:00:28

New science book looks at solar science and dissects it for an easier understanding. Mount Holly, Vt. (PRWEB) October 03, 2013 In “Grand Phases On The Sun: The case for a mechanism responsible for extended solar minima and maxima” (published by Trafford Publishing), author Steven Haywood Yaskell explains distinguished solar scientist Cornelis de Jager’s papers concerning whether or not the solar maximum for the solar cycle will be very strong or very weak. “Is there yet another...

Sun's Chromosphere Studied By Sunrise Mission
2013-09-28 04:29:37

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In June 2013, the solar observatory Sunrise was carried aloft by a NASA scientific balloon. Three months later, scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research in Germany have presented unique insights into a layer on the sun called the chromosphere. The images from Sunrise are the highest-resolution ultraviolet light images to date of this thin corrugated layer, which lies between the sun's visible surface and the...

Shaping A Blooming Star
2013-09-27 10:36:32

[ Watch The Video: CSIRO’s Australia Telescope Compact Array ] John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Many objects in the Universe contain jets – intense magnetic fields twisted around their axes, ejecting plasma into the Cosmos. In general, however, these objects tend to be powerful, exotic entities such as black holes and neutron stars. Or, at the other end of the spectrum, forming stars – called proto-stars – can form such jet structures as well, but on...

2013-09-25 23:03:00

USRA-led team finds polarized starlight implicates interstellar dust as host of hydrogen molecule formation, allows tracing magnetic fields in space. Columbia, MD1 (PRWEB) September 25, 2013 In a paper published in the Oct. 1, 2013, issue of The Astrophysical Journal, an integrated team of observers and theoreticians led by USRA astronomer Dr. B-G Andersson, has used telescopes in Spain, Hawaii, Arizona, and New Mexico, to show – for the first time – that intense molecular hydrogen...

Magnetic Jets Stars Final Transformation
2013-09-17 12:37:48

John P. Millis, PhD for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online In general, main sequence stars die in one of two ways: high mass stars, those several times larger than our Sun, will explode in brilliant supernovae, leaving behind a shock remnant with a dense neutron star or black hole at its center. Lower mass stars like our Sun will transition into a planetary nebula. The outer envelope of the star is expressed into the interstellar medium, and the star’s gravity relinquishes its grip....

Clumpy Structure Makes Disk Galaxies Look Alike Over Time
2013-09-12 06:49:36

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers at Iowa State University and IBM have identified why virtually all disk galaxies grow out of their irregular, clumped appearance, and why their older stars acquire the same smooth look as they fade from a bright center to a faint edge. The astronomers say that whether these young disk galaxies are big, small, isolated or crowded in a cluster, the reason they all eventually look alike is due to their clumpy structure,...

The Cluster constellation
2013-09-12 05:02:16

[ Watch the Video: Earth’s Plasmasphere and the Van Allen Belts ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For more than half a century, the invisible bubble created by Earth's magnetic field - the magnetosphere - has been studied by space missions. The discovery of Earth's radiation belts in 1958 was one of the first scientific breakthroughs made by a spacecraft. The Explorer 1 satellite revealed two concentric, tire-shaped belts of highly energetic (0.1–10 MeV)...

NASA Firestation To Track Strange Things Produced By Thunderstorms
2013-09-11 12:32:12

[ Watch the Video: Firestation To Investigate Thunderstorm Tops ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new experiment aboard the International Space Station (ISS) is looking into the strange things that come from the tops of thunderstorms. The experiment, called "Firestation" consists of a package of sensors designed to explore how the Earth mimics a supernova during thunderstorms. About 50 times a second bolts of lightning heat up the air to a temperature five times...

Iron In The Sun
2013-09-06 08:00:37

AlphaGalileo Foundation Scientists from the Heidelberg Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics (MPIK) in cooperation with DESY (Hamburg) at the synchrotron PETRA III have investigated for the first time X-ray absorption of highly charged iron ions. A transportable ion trap developed at MPIK was used for generation and storage of the ions. The high-precision measurements provide important new insight into the role of highly charged ions in astrophysical plasmas, e. g. for radiation...


Latest Astrophysics Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: NGC 4414, a typical spiral galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, is about 56,000 light-years in diameter and approximately 60 million light-years distant. Credit: NASA/ESA/Wikipedia What is Astrophysics? For much of the modern age the term Astrophysics has been used synonymously with Astronomy. This interchange is so common that many textbooks even offer the two as having the same meaning. However, from a strictly historical perspective there are differences...

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Physics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Physics is a natural science involving the study of matter and its motion through space-time, along with related concepts such as energy and force. On a broader scale, it also involves the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Physics was part of natural philosophy until the Scientific Revolution in the 16th century, when the natural...

Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
2012-04-25 09:55:47

The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published quarterly by Springer Science Business Media. The editor-in-chief is Thierry Courvoisier. It was first published in April 1989. The journal covers all areas of astronomy and astrophysics, including cosmic ray physics, studies in the solar system, astrobiology, developments in laboratory or particle physics relevant to astronomy, instrumentation, computational or statistical methods with specific...

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