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Latest Astrophysics Stories

X-class solar flare
2014-02-25 08:24:39

[ Watch the Video: SDO Observes Strong X-class Solar Flare ] Karen C. Fox, NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center The sun emitted a significant solar flare, peaking at 7:49 p.m. EST on Feb. 24, 2014. NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory, which keeps a constant watch on the sun, captured images of the event. Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation, appearing as giant flashes of light in the SDO images. Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere to physically...

2014-02-25 08:21:32

SAN DIEGO, Feb. 25, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Science fiction sometimes foreshadows science fact. Remember the movie Forbidden Planet and the Martian epic Total Recall? Each had within their planets powerful alien-built reactors. The evidence continues to build that Earth contains a powerful nuclear fission reactor at its center, not made by aliens or humans, but by Mother Nature. J. Marvin Herndon presents the scientific basis, evidence and implications accumulated over the past 20...

IRIS Spotted Its Largest Solar Flare In January
2014-02-22 05:28:40

[ Watch the Video: IRIS Spots Its Largest Solar Flare ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The strongest solar flare since NASA's Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) launched in the summer of 2013 was observed on January 28 of this year. Solar flares are bursts of X-rays and light that stream out into space, disrupting long-range radio transmission on Earth and satellite functions in space. What sets them off, however, is still a mystery for scientists....

Sun's Coronal Mass Ejections Behave Like Crab Nebula's Gas Tendrils
2014-02-21 13:28:29

[ Watch the Video: Enormous Coronal Mass Ejection ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Researchers from University College London have explained for the first time the details of how the Sun’s coronal mass ejections (CMEs) behave when falling back onto the star’s surface. The team has discovered that coronal mass ejections are a lot like the tendrils of gas in the Crab Nebula, which are about 6,500 light-years away from Earth and are millions of times larger....

radioactivity in a supernova remnant
2014-02-20 05:54:04

[ Watch the Video: Sloshing Star Goes Supernova ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online For the first time, astronomers have peered into the heart of an exploding star during the final minutes of its life. This groundbreaking achievement is one of the primary goals of NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) mission, which launched in June 2012. NuSTAR is tasked to measure high energy X-ray emissions from exploding stars, also known as supernovae, and...

2014-02-19 16:20:08

WASHINGTON, Feb. 19, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- One of the biggest mysteries in astronomy, how stars blow up in supernova explosions, finally is being unraveled with the help of NASA's Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR). (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) The high-energy X-ray observatory has created the first map of radioactive material in a supernova remnant. The results, from a remnant named Cassiopeia A (Cas A), reveal how shock waves...

Chandra X-ray Observatory Sees Runaway Pulsar Firing A Record-breaking Jet
2014-02-19 09:27:55

NASA NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has seen a fast-moving pulsar escaping from a supernova remnant while spewing out a record-breaking jet – the longest of any object in the Milky Way galaxy -- of high-energy particles. The pulsar, a type of neutron star, is known as IGR J11014-6103. IGR J11014-6103's peculiar behavior can likely be traced back to its birth in the collapse and subsequent explosion of a massive star. Originally discovered with the European Space Agency satellite...

Computer Simulations Reveal The Destruction Of A Star As It Falls Into A Black Hole
2014-02-19 05:24:10

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Exploring the universe's most violent events using computer simulations is what Enrico Ramirez-Ruiz does. So in 2012, when the first detailed observations of a star being ripped apart by a black hole were reported in Nature, Ramirez-Ruiz was eager to compare the data to his simulations. This was especially true because he doubted one of the published conclusions: that the disrupted star was a rare helium star. "I was sure it was a...

2014-02-18 16:20:12

WASHINGTON, Feb. 18, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has seen a fast-moving pulsar escaping from a supernova remnant while spewing out a record-breaking jet - the longest of any object in the Milky Way galaxy -- of high-energy particles. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) The pulsar, a type of neutron star, is known as IGR J11014-6103. IGR J11014-6103's peculiar behavior can likely be traced back to its birth in the...

Bipolar Jets Of Gas, Dust Created By Small Planetary Nebulae
2014-02-13 08:01:47

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Large stars can end their lives as violently cataclysmic supernovae. Small stars, in contrast, end up as planetary nebulae—colorful, glowing clouds of dust and gas. These nebulae were once thought to be mostly spherical. In the last few decades, however, they have been observed to often emit powerful, bipolar jets of gas and dust. Scientists are unsure how spherical stars evolve to produce highly aspherical planetary nebulae, however....


Latest Astrophysics Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: NGC 4414, a typical spiral galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, is about 56,000 light-years in diameter and approximately 60 million light-years distant. Credit: NASA/ESA/Wikipedia What is Astrophysics? For much of the modern age the term Astrophysics has been used synonymously with Astronomy. This interchange is so common that many textbooks even offer the two as having the same meaning. However, from a strictly historical perspective there are differences...

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Physics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Physics is a natural science involving the study of matter and its motion through space-time, along with related concepts such as energy and force. On a broader scale, it also involves the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Physics was part of natural philosophy until the Scientific Revolution in the 16th century, when the natural...

Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
2012-04-25 09:55:47

The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published quarterly by Springer Science Business Media. The editor-in-chief is Thierry Courvoisier. It was first published in April 1989. The journal covers all areas of astronomy and astrophysics, including cosmic ray physics, studies in the solar system, astrobiology, developments in laboratory or particle physics relevant to astronomy, instrumentation, computational or statistical methods with specific...

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Word of the Day
cruet
  • A vial or small glass bottle, especially one for holding vinegar, oil, etc.; a caster for liquids.
This word is Middle English in origin, and ultimately comes from the Old French, diminutive of 'crue,' flask.
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