Latest Astrophysics Stories

Supernova Dust Factory
2014-01-06 12:08:48

[ Watch the Video: Supernovas May Be Galactic Dust Factories ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new image of a recent supernova could offer up insight to scientists about how galaxies became so dusty. Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope have observed the remains of supernova 1987A located in the Large Magellanic Cloud about 168,000 light-years from Earth. This is the closest observed supernova explosion since Johannes...

Sun Emitted Two Solar Flares Saying Goodbye To 2013 And Hello To 2014
2014-01-03 07:27:26

NASA The sun ushered out 2013 and welcomed 2014 with two mid-level flares on Dec. 31, 2013 and Jan. 1, 2014. Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation. Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere to physically affect humans on the ground, however -- when intense enough -- they can disturb the atmosphere in the layer where GPS and communications signals travel. This disrupts the radio signals for as long as the flare is ongoing, anywhere from minutes to hours....

van allen probes
2013-12-21 04:46:57

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Data from NASA's Van Allen Probes mission has helped researchers resolve decades of scientific uncertainty over the origin of ultra-relativistic electrons in Earth's near space environment. The findings, published in Nature, are likely to influence our understanding of planetary magnetospheres throughout the universe. One of the primary science objectives of the Van Allen Probes is to understand the processes that control the...

Urban Galactic Clusters Stopped Forming Stars Billions Of Years Ago
2013-12-19 12:36:09

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study based on data from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope has revealed new details about so-called urban galaxies that exist in large clusters. The study found that these clusters stopped forming new stars about 9 billion years ago, much later than previously thought. These galactic cities were said to have eventually either used up or lost their fuel. Meanwhile, more rural galaxies are still actively forming stars. "We know...

Supernova Legacy Survey Astronomers Reveal New Class Of Supernovae
2013-12-19 04:50:57

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Two of the brightest and most distant supernovae ever recorded have been discovered by astronomers affiliated with the Supernova Legacy Survey (SNLS). The findings, published in The Astrophysical Journal, reveal that the supernovae are 10 billion light-years away and a hundred times more luminous than a normal supernova. The extreme luminosity of these supernovae cannot be explained by the mechanism that powers most supernovae —...

2013-12-18 15:17:25

A new study on electric discharge behavior under intense gravitational forces shows that its dynamic changes as gravity increases Arc discharges are common in everyday conditions like welding or in lightning storms. But in altered gravity, not as much is known about the behavior of electric discharges. For the first time, Jiří Šperka from Masaryk University, Czech Republic, and his Dutch colleagues studied the behavior of a special type of arc discharge, so-called glide arc, in varying...

New Insights Into Cosmic Phenomena Provided By Swift Satellite
2013-12-17 05:07:02

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online By analyzing data collected by NASA’s Swift robotic spacecraft, astronomers from the University of Leicester have reportedly discovered the location of nearly 100,000 previously unknown cosmic X-ray sources. The research team studied eight years’ worth of observations collected during the Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission to compile a catalog of major celestial X-ray sources – a list that includes more than 150,000 high-energy...

Sun More Violent Than Believed
2013-12-09 15:03:43

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online NASA's newest solar observatory is showing the region located between the surface of the sun and its atmosphere is more violent than previously thought. The Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) spacecraft launched earlier this summer to study what is known as the interface region. For the past six months, IRIS has given scientists detailed images of this region, finding even more turbulence and complexity than expected. "The...

Magnetic Field Lines
2013-12-07 04:56:08

[ Watch the Video: The Sun's Changing Magnetic Field ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A newly-released NASA visualization shows the process of the sun’s magnetic field changing polarity, with the positive and negative poles switching throughout the course of the 22 year magnetic solar cycle. According to Karen C. Fox of the Goddard Space Flight Center, the magenta colored lines represent regions where the overall field is negative, while the green lines...

Latest Astrophysics Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: NGC 4414, a typical spiral galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, is about 56,000 light-years in diameter and approximately 60 million light-years distant. Credit: NASA/ESA/Wikipedia What is Astrophysics? For much of the modern age the term Astrophysics has been used synonymously with Astronomy. This interchange is so common that many textbooks even offer the two as having the same meaning. However, from a strictly historical perspective there are differences...

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Physics is a natural science involving the study of matter and its motion through space-time, along with related concepts such as energy and force. On a broader scale, it also involves the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Physics was part of natural philosophy until the Scientific Revolution in the 16th century, when the natural...

Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
2012-04-25 09:55:47

The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published quarterly by Springer Science Business Media. The editor-in-chief is Thierry Courvoisier. It was first published in April 1989. The journal covers all areas of astronomy and astrophysics, including cosmic ray physics, studies in the solar system, astrobiology, developments in laboratory or particle physics relevant to astronomy, instrumentation, computational or statistical methods with specific...

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Word of the Day
  • A spider.
  • Figuratively, a peevish, testy, ill-natured person.
'Attercop' comes from the Old English 'atorcoppe,' where 'atter' means 'poison, venom' and‎ 'cop' means 'spider.' 'Coppa' is a derivative of 'cop,' top, summit, round head, or 'copp,' cup, vessel, which refers to 'the supposed venomous properties of spiders,' says the OED. 'Copp' is still found in the word 'cobweb.'