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Latest Astrophysics Stories

2014-01-10 11:04:22

The first powerful "X-class" solar flare of 2014, in association with another solar phenomenon, a giant cloud of solar particles known as a coronal mass ejection (CME), erupted from the sun on Tuesday, sending radiation and particles speeding toward Earth and disrupting operations on the ground. NASA reported on Wednesday that Orbital Sciences Corp., a commercial spaceflight company on a cargo delivery mission to the International Space Station, had called off its rocket launch that day...

Quasars Illuminate Swirling Clouds Around Galaxies
2014-01-09 08:49:42

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign A new study of light from quasars has provided astronomers with illuminating insights into the swirling clouds of gas that form stars and galaxies, proving that the clouds can shift and change much more quickly than previously thought. Led by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign astronomy professor Robert J. Brunner and former graduate student Troy Hacker (now with the U.S. Air Force), the astronomers published their findings in the...

First X-class Flare Of 2014 Unleashed By The Sun
2014-01-08 10:55:47

[ Watch The Video: SDO Captures Release of X1.2 Class Solar Flare ] NASA Update: January 8, 2014 The Jan. 7, 2014, X-class flare was also associated with a coronal mass ejection, or CME, another solar phenomenon that can send billions of tons of particles into space that can reach Earth one to three days later. These particles cannot travel through the atmosphere to harm humans on Earth, but they can affect electronic systems in satellites and on the ground. The European...

NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory Sees Giant Sunspots
2014-01-08 07:21:33

NASA An enormous sunspot, labeled AR1944, slipped into view over the sun's left horizon late on Jan. 1, 2014. The sunspot steadily moved toward the right, along with the rotation of the sun, and now sits almost dead center, as seen in the image above from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory. Sunspots are dark areas on the sun's surface that contain complex arrangements of strong magnetic fields that are constantly shifting. The largest dark spot in this configuration is approximately two...

pandora cluster
2014-01-08 03:49:10

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Abell 2744, a giant galaxy cluster believed to have formed when four smaller galaxy clusters crashed into one another, is the subject of the first image captured by Hubble's Frontier Fields observational program, NASA and ESA announced Tuesday. Abell 2744, which was first observed by the Hubble Space Telescope in 2011, is also known as Pandora’s Cluster because the mixture of elliptical and colorful spiral galaxies that formed...

First Gamma Ray Study Gravitational Lens
2014-01-06 15:27:47

[ Watch the Video: Fermi Provides New Details About Gravitational Lenses ] Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A gravitational lens is created when a galaxy or other massive object bends and amplifies light heading toward an observer from a more distant source and a new paper from an international team of researchers has reported the first-ever gamma ray study of the cosmic phenomenon. The paper, which will be published in an upcoming edition of Astrophysical Journal...

2014-01-06 12:20:58

WASHINGTON, Jan. 6, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- An international team of astronomers, using NASA's Fermi observatory, has made the first-ever gamma-ray measurements of a gravitational lens, a kind of natural telescope formed when a rare cosmic alignment allows the gravity of a massive object to bend and amplify light from a more distant source. (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20081007/38461LOGO) This accomplishment opens new avenues for research, including a novel way...

Supernova Dust Factory
2014-01-06 12:08:48

[ Watch the Video: Supernovas May Be Galactic Dust Factories ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new image of a recent supernova could offer up insight to scientists about how galaxies became so dusty. Astronomers using the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) telescope have observed the remains of supernova 1987A located in the Large Magellanic Cloud about 168,000 light-years from Earth. This is the closest observed supernova explosion since Johannes...

Sun Emitted Two Solar Flares Saying Goodbye To 2013 And Hello To 2014
2014-01-03 07:27:26

NASA The sun ushered out 2013 and welcomed 2014 with two mid-level flares on Dec. 31, 2013 and Jan. 1, 2014. Solar flares are powerful bursts of radiation. Harmful radiation from a flare cannot pass through Earth's atmosphere to physically affect humans on the ground, however -- when intense enough -- they can disturb the atmosphere in the layer where GPS and communications signals travel. This disrupts the radio signals for as long as the flare is ongoing, anywhere from minutes to hours....

van allen probes
2013-12-21 04:46:57

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Data from NASA's Van Allen Probes mission has helped researchers resolve decades of scientific uncertainty over the origin of ultra-relativistic electrons in Earth's near space environment. The findings, published in Nature, are likely to influence our understanding of planetary magnetospheres throughout the universe. One of the primary science objectives of the Van Allen Probes is to understand the processes that control the...


Latest Astrophysics Reference Libraries

Stellar Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

The prominent feature that allows for the existence of life on Earth is the Sun. Radiation from our closest star provides heat and energy to our planet, driving biological processes and providing the necessary conditions for liquid water to naturally exist. But our Sun is only but one star in this vast Universe. And as it turns out, most stars are quite different than the one that illuminates our day. For this reason, scientists have, for hundreds of years, attempted to study the other...

Astrophysics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: NGC 4414, a typical spiral galaxy in the constellation Coma Berenices, is about 56,000 light-years in diameter and approximately 60 million light-years distant. Credit: NASA/ESA/Wikipedia What is Astrophysics? For much of the modern age the term Astrophysics has been used synonymously with Astronomy. This interchange is so common that many textbooks even offer the two as having the same meaning. However, from a strictly historical perspective there are differences...

How Solar Cycles Impact Our Weather Here On Earth
2013-01-13 09:10:34

Solar cycles: what are they and why should we care about them? Solar cycles are made up of what are known as solar minimums (min) and solar maximums (max). We refer to a solar min at the time when the sun is not active with many sunspots, while a solar max is just the opposite when we see a large increase in sunspot activity. So how long do solar cycles last? Typically they run on what is known as an 11 year cycle from the max to the min and then start over again anew. As of 2012 we...

Physics
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Physics is a natural science involving the study of matter and its motion through space-time, along with related concepts such as energy and force. On a broader scale, it also involves the general analysis of nature, conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves. Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion of astronomy. Physics was part of natural philosophy until the Scientific Revolution in the 16th century, when the natural...

Astronomy and Astrophysics Review
2012-04-25 09:55:47

The Astronomy and Astrophysics Review is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published quarterly by Springer Science Business Media. The editor-in-chief is Thierry Courvoisier. It was first published in April 1989. The journal covers all areas of astronomy and astrophysics, including cosmic ray physics, studies in the solar system, astrobiology, developments in laboratory or particle physics relevant to astronomy, instrumentation, computational or statistical methods with specific...

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Word of the Day
toccata
  • In music, a work for a keyboard-instrument, like the pianoforte or organ, originally intended to utilize and display varieties of touch: but the term has been extended so as to include many irregular works, similar to the prelude, the fantasia, and the improvisation.
This word is Italian in origin, coming from the feminine past participle of 'toccare,' to touch.
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