Latest Atomic physics Stories

2011-12-22 15:22:20

Physicists at Harvard University have realized a new way to cool synthetic materials by employing a quantum algorithm to remove excess energy. The research, published this week in the journal Nature, is the first application of such an "algorithmic cooling" technique to ultra-cold atomic gases, opening new possibilities from materials science to quantum computation. "Ultracold atoms are the coldest objects in the known universe," explains senior author Markus Greiner, associate professor...

Laser Light Used To Cool Object To Quantum Ground State
2011-10-06 04:28:08

For the first time, researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), in collaboration with a team from the University of Vienna, have managed to cool a miniature mechanical object to its lowest possible energy state using laser light. The achievement paves the way for the development of exquisitely sensitive detectors as well as for quantum experiments that scientists have long dreamed of conducting. "We've taken a solid mechanical system–one made up of billions of...

Image 1 - New Record For Measurement Of Atomic Lifetime
2011-09-08 05:40:30

  Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute have measured the lifetime of an extremely stable energy level of magnesium atoms with great precision. Magnesium atoms are used in research with ultra-precise atomic clocks. The new measurements show a lifetime of 2050 seconds, which corresponds to approximately ½ hour. This is the longest lifetime ever measured in a laboratory. The results have been published in the scientific journal Physical Review Letters. The experiment...

2011-08-31 14:45:37

Much like a meteor impacting a planet, highly charged ions hit really hard and can do a lot of damage, albeit on a much smaller scale. And much like geologists determine the size and speed of the meteor by looking at the hole it left, physicists can learn a lot about a highly charged ion's energy by looking at the divots it makes in thin films. Building upon their work for which they were recently awarded a patent, scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and...

2011-07-07 13:55:12

Showcasing new tools for widespread development of quantum circuits made of mechanical parts, scientists from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have demonstrated a flexible, broadly usable technique for steadily calming the vibrations of an engineered mechanical object down to the quantum "ground state," the lowest possible energy level. Described in a Nature paper posted online July 6, the NIST experiments nearly stop the beating motion of a microscopic aluminum drum...

2011-03-02 20:18:07

Technique suggests an avenue for creating new kinds of superconductivity Physicists at the Joint Quantum Institute (JQI), a collaboration of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland-College Park, have for the first time caused a gas of atoms to exhibit an important quantum phenomenon known as spin-orbit coupling. Their technique opens new possibilities for studying and better understanding fundamental physics and has potential applications to...

2011-02-14 10:20:00

The fabric of space-time around spinning black holes should impart a "twist" in the property of light called orbital angular momentum. This momentum which could be detected here on Earth, the researchers say, may provide the first unique signature of black holes, reports the journal Nature Physics. Light particles , or photons, carry two kinds of momentum but only one of them is familiar. "If we take the Earth as an example, it spins around its own axis in about 24 hours - that is its spin...

2010-10-15 16:42:23

Modern, compact ion injector will feed new kinds of particles to RHIC and NSRL A new source of ions will soon be the starting point for the beams entering two major research facilities at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory - the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC - http://www.bnl.gov/rhic), where physicists are recreating conditions of the early universe to learn more about the forces that hold matter together, and the NASA Space Radiation Laboratory...

2010-08-05 09:24:34

An international team of scientists led by groups from the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ) in Garching, Germany, and from the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California at Berkeley has used ultrashort flashes of laser light to directly observe the movement of an atom's outer electrons for the first time. Through a process called attosecond absorption spectroscopy, researchers were able to time the oscillations between...

2010-07-13 08:26:09

An international team measures the charge radius of the hydrogen nucleus and stumbles across some mysteries of physics Big problems sometimes come in small packages. The problem with which physicists must now concern themselves measures a mere 0.0350 millionth of a millionth of a millimeter. This is precisely the difference between the new, smaller, dimension of the proton, the nucleus of the hydrogen atom, and the value which has been assumed so far. Instead of 0.8768 femtometers it measures...

Latest Atomic physics Reference Libraries

2013-03-16 00:00:00

Niels Henrik David Bohr (October 7, 1885 - November 18, 1962) was a Danish physicist. He made essential contributions to understanding atom structure and quantum mechanics. Born in Copenhagen, Denmark to Christian Bohr and Ellen Adler, Bohr got his doctorate at Copenhagen University in 1911. He then studied under Ernest Rutherford in Manchester, England. Based on Rutherford's theories, Bohr published his Bohr model about atom structure in 1913, introducing the theory of electrons...

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