Latest Atresia Stories

Children With Ear Deformity May Need Help To Improve School Performance
2013-07-19 09:01:32

Washington University School of Medicine Children born with a complete absence of the external ear canal, even if only one ear is affected, are more likely than their peers to struggle in school, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Hearing amplification and corrective surgery are available for the condition, called aural atresia. But many children with single ear atresia (unilateral atresia) often are not treated, even though they have...

2012-01-03 22:10:36

Results may have important implications for counseling parents on organ donation Children with a rare, life-threatening disease that is the most common cause of neonatal liver failure — biliary atresia — better tolerate liver transplants from their mothers than from their fathers, according to a UCSF-led study. In the study, researchers reviewed all pediatric liver transplants nationwide from 1996 to 2010, and compared the outcomes for patients who received liver grafts from...

2011-11-08 12:04:04

Unexpected discovery of a new molecular signature for a destructive and often lethal pediatric liver disease may lead to a new therapeutic target for the hard-to-treat condition. In a study that included human livers and a mouse model of biliary atresia, researchers report in the November Journal of Clinical Investigation that not all children with biliary atresia share the same disease process. Some patients have a second molecular conductor of disease called Th2 (T helper cell 2) immune...

2010-10-26 22:27:15

CU School of Medicine researchers find link to infection Researchers at the University of Colorado School of Medicine and The Children's Hospital have taken a big step toward understanding what causes one of the most serious liver diseases in infants. The disease is called biliary atresia, It blocks the bile ducts in young infants, through which bile, crucial for digestion, flows to the small intestine. The disease is rare "“ it strikes in about one in 10,000 births. But it's...

2010-07-01 14:34:31

Researchers have identified a set of "molecular signatures" for biliary atresia "“ the most common diagnosis leading to liver transplant in children "“ that can help identify the progression of disease at diagnosis and predict clinical outcomes. The Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center scientists found that using traditional methods to analyze liver biopsies, only 14 of 47 infants with biliary atresia could be identified as having either inflammation or fibrosis...

2009-10-27 11:02:00

WASHINGTON and BOSTON, Oct. 27 /PRNewswire/ -- Commercially available multivitamin preparations commonly given to infants with biliary atresia to prevent fat soluble vitamin deficiencies are ineffective, according to researchers presenting at the 2009 annual meeting of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. "This study examined a multivitamin preparation, which if often used by clinicians due to the convenience and perception that it is effective, however, there are...

2009-07-22 10:00:00

Scientists have linked an overactive response by one of the immune system's key weapons against infection "“ natural killer, or NK, cells "“ to the onset of biliary atresia in infants, a disease where blocked bile ducts can cause severe liver damage and death.Researchers at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center also report that blocking a gene that helps NK cells attack bile duct tissues lessens damage and may be a way to treat the most common cause of chronically...

2009-03-18 10:13:15

Surgery at Loyola Makes it Possible to Attach Prosthesis with Magnets To look at Matthew Houdek, you could never tell he was born with virtually no left ear. A surgery at Loyola University Health System made it possible for Houdek to be fitted with a prosthetic ear that looks just like the real thing. Ear-nose-throat surgeon Dr. Sam Marzo implanted three small metal screws in the side of Houdek's head. Each screw is fitted with a magnet, and magnetic attraction holds the prosthetic ear in...

Latest Atresia Reference Libraries

Duodenal Atresia
2013-07-19 15:38:56

Duodenal atresia is a congenital closure of the lumen of the duodenum, which is the first portion of the small intestine and is separated from the stomach by the pyloric sphincter. During fetal development, the duodenum develops from the posterior portion of the foregut and the anterior portion of the midgut. The liver and pancreas originate from the diverticulum arising from the ventral part of the duodenum, and the bile duct runs along the ventral free side of the duodenum. Rotation and...

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