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Latest Aurochs Stories

2014-03-28 09:31:54

Geneticists and anthropologists previously suspected that ancient Africans domesticated cattle native to the African continent nearly 10,000 years ago. Now, a team of University of Missouri researchers has completed the genetic history of 134 cattle breeds from around the world. In the process of completing this history, they found that ancient domesticated African cattle originated in the "Fertile Crescent," a region that covered modern day Iraq, Jordan, Syria and Israel. In their study...

Frog Legs May Have Been On The Menu In Britain Before France
2013-10-17 07:06:20

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Frog legs have long been considered a delicacy of French cuisine, but researchers have uncovered new evidence suggesting that they were not the first to actually partake of cuisses de grenouille. In fact, according to French news agency AFP, archaeologists working at a site in southwestern England, near Stonehenge, uncovered the charred leg bone of a toad among other food remains. The remains were dated back to between 6250 BC and...

Texas Longhorn Genetic History Traced
2013-03-26 05:29:16

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The Texas Longhorn is an iconic species. Just the thought of one brings to mind all things Texas, but new research from the University of Texas at Austin reveals that the cattle have a hybrid global ancestry. A fascinating story of the global history of human and cattle migration is told in the genome of the Longhorn and related breeds. This history traces back through Christopher Columbus' second voyage to the New World, the...

DNA Traces Cattle Back To Ancient Times
2012-03-28 11:52:54

A new genetic study confirms that modern domesticated cattle are descended from 80 domesticated wild oxen in the Near East over 10,500 years ago. Scientists from CNRS, the National Museum of Natural History in France, the University of Mainz in Germany, and University College London (UCL) in the UK performed the study by extracting DNA from the bones of extracted domestic cattle found in Iran. These sites are believed to date back to the invention of farming and the area where cattle first...

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2010-02-18 07:45:00

Ancient European aurochs that have been extinct since the 17th century are having their DNA analyzed by scientists, after bone samples were found in a cave in England, BBC News reported. Mitochondrial DNA, passed down from a mother to her offspring, was confirmed in the DNA analysis of the wild cattle's bone samples. It was the first mitochondrial genome sequence found in an ancient specimen. The analysis took place at the University College Dublin's Animal Genomics Laboratory and Conway...

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2009-10-20 08:25:00

Genetic information from an extinct species of bison preserved in permafrost for thousands of years could help improve modern agricultural livestock and breeding programs, according to University of Adelaide researchers. Researchers from the University's Australian Center for Ancient DNA (ACAD) worked with an international team of genomics researchers to analyze the genetic mutations of an ancient bison, many modern cattle breeds and members of the larger ruminant family tree, including deer,...


Latest Aurochs Reference Libraries

Bos
2012-08-16 09:35:04

The bos is a genus that holds both domestic and wild cattle, which are split into the four subgenera, Bibos, Bos, Poephagus, and Novibos. However, these separations are debated. Currently, there are five living species recognized in this genus, but this number could rise to seven or nine if domestic cattle and bison, which are closely related, are re-classified into the Bos genus. The members of this genus are native to Asia, Western Europe, Africa, and some areas in North America. Because it...

Steppe Wisent, Bison priscus
2012-05-10 05:08:05

The steppe wisent (Bison priscus) or steppe bison was common to North America, Central Asia, Europe, and Beringia during the Quaternary period. It is thought that the steppe bison appeared around the same time as the aurochs , an extinct type of cattle, in Asia. Descendants of the steppe bison are often confused with the aurochs species. During the late Pleistocene era, the steppe wisent became extinct, giving rise to the modern wisent in Europe, and eventually the modern Bison in America....

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2007-12-21 10:51:40

The Zebu (Bos primigenius indicus), also known as "˜humped cattle' or "˜indicus cattle', is native to Asia. They have been imported elsewhere such as Africa and Brazil for breeding purposes. There are around 75 known breeds of zebu spread throughout Asia and Africa. Zebus are thought to be derived from the Asian subspecies of aurochs. Zebus have humps on their shoulders, large dewlaps and droopy ears. They have more sweat glands than other domestic cattle, which makes them...

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2007-07-16 14:09:37

Aurochs or Urus (Bos primigenius), was a very large type of cattle that was originally prevalent in Europe. Studies indicate that Aurochs evolved in India more than 2 million years ago, migrated into the Middle East and further into Asia, and then reached Europe around 250,000 years ago. They are now extinct. Aurochs were wild cattle and much larger than domesticated cattle. Aurochs reach a height of about 6 feet at the shoulder. Aurochs also had many features that are rarely seen in...

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2006-12-14 13:19:49

Cattle (often called cows in contemporary usage) are domesticated ungulates (hoofed), a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. They are raised as livestock for meat (called beef and veal), dairy products (milk), leather and as draught animals (pulling carts, plows and the like). In some countries, such as India, they are subject to religious ceremonies and respect. It is estimated that there are 1.4 billion head of cattle in the world today. Cattle were originally...

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