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Latest Autophagy Stories

2013-10-10 23:04:12

The peroxisome, a tiny intracellular organelle, was discovered in the mid-1960s, and for nearly 50 years scientists were unsure of how it and TSC2 worked. Now a team at Texas A&M Health Science Center (TAMHSC) Institute of Biosciences and Technology (IBT) know that TSC2 keeps peroxisomes at the right levels to maintain healthy cells. Houston, TX (PRWEB) October 10, 2013 When it comes to survival on the cellular level, mysteries have abounded for decades. In a paper published in the...

2013-10-07 12:03:26

Restoring the process may protect obese individuals' kidneys Obesity increases a chronic kidney disease patient's risk of developing kidney failure. Obesity suppresses an important cellular process that prevents kidney cell damage, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology (JASN). The findings suggest that restoring the process could protect the kidney health of obese individuals. Obesity increases a chronic kidney...

2013-10-03 08:57:15

Researchers discover that the cells play a major role in inflammation which underlies Crohn's disease in small intestine Scientists have discovered that Crohn's disease, the inflammatory bowel disorder, can originate from specialized intestinal cell type called Paneth cells. As such, they propose that small intestinal Crohn's disease might be a specific disorder of this cell type, providing a possible new target for treatments. The study, by researchers from the University of Cambridge and...

2013-09-23 10:25:49

Molecular microbiologists at the University of Southern California (USC) have uncovered intricate regulatory mechanisms within the cell that could lead to novel therapeutics for the treatment of cancer and other diseases. Their findings, which have long-standing significance in the basic understanding of cell biology, appear in the journal Nature Cell Biology. "Our research reveals a new regulatory mechanism that coordinates two distinct intracellular processes that are critical to...

2013-08-28 21:43:32

Study strengthens link between amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and problems in protein production machinery of cells and identifies possible treatment strategy Researchers have tied mutations in a gene that causes amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and other neurodegenerative disorders to the toxic buildup of certain proteins and related molecules in cells, including neurons. The research, published recently in the scientific journal Cell, offers a new approach for developing...

2013-07-29 16:18:27

A seafood contaminant that thrives in brackish water during the summer works like a spy to infiltrate cells and quickly open communication channels to sicken the host, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center report. Vibrio parahaemolyticus bacteria, which cause gastroenteritis, inject proteins called effectors into host cells. One of those effectors, VopQ, almost immediately starts to disrupt the important process of autophagy via a novel channel-forming mechanism, the scientists...

For A Healthy Brain, Clear Out The Trash
2013-07-23 10:41:23

NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Recycling is not only good for the environment, it's good for the brain. A study using rat cells indicates that quickly clearing out defective proteins in the brain may prevent loss of brain cells. Results of a study in Nature Chemical Biology suggest that the speed at which damaged proteins are cleared from neurons may affect cell survival and may explain why some cells are targeted for death in neurodegenerative disorders....

2013-04-22 22:21:35

Rats protected from irradiation Adding more color to your diet in the form of berries is encouraged by many nutrition experts. The protective effect of berries against inflammation has been documented in many studies. Diets supplemented with blueberries and strawberries have also been shown to improve behavior and cognitive functions in stressed young rats. To evaluate the protective effects of berries on brain function, specifically the ability of the brain to clear toxic accumulation,...


Word of the Day
endocarp
  • The hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed.
This word comes from the Greek 'endon,' in, within, plus the Greek 'kardia,' heart.
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