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Last updated on April 18, 2014 at 21:21 EDT

Latest Bacteria Stories

New Virus From Africa Kills Anthrax Agent
2014-01-28 08:57:55

Andy Fell - University of California - Davis From a zebra carcass on the plains of Namibia in Southern Africa, an international team of researchers has discovered a new, unusually large virus (or bacteriophage) that infects the bacterium that causes anthrax. The novel bacteriophage could eventually open up new ways to detect, treat or decontaminate the anthrax bacillus and its relatives that cause food poisoning. The work is published Jan. 27 in the journal PLOS One. The virus was...

2014-01-27 10:25:54

The evolutionary path from unicellular life to multicellularity is varied, but all lead to complex organisms In the beginning there were single cells. Today, many millions of years later, most plants, animals, fungi, and algae are composed of multiple cells that work collaboratively as a single being. Despite the various ways these organisms achieved multicellularity, their conglomeration of cells operate cooperatively to consume energy, survive, and reproduce. But how did multicellularity...

2014-01-23 23:01:38

Health Nutrition News has released a new video and article on how eating probiotic rich foods may help treat and prevent urinary tract infections. Boston, MA (PRWEB) January 23, 2014 Health Nutrition News' newest video and article talks about the second most common infection in the body, urinary tract infections, and how by consuming a probiotic rich diet will not only treat but also help prevent UTIs. The video covers how the body has over one hundred trillion bacteria living inside...

2014-01-23 08:31:19

SAN FRANCISCO, Jan. 23, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- Medizone International, Inc. (MZEI:OB, MZEI:QB). In what is believed to be an important first, an entire ward at a public hospital remains 100% free from MRSA for 6 months after a major outbreak is quashed - thanks to the introduction of a new hospital room disinfection technology. (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140123/SF51221) In early June 2013, seven patient rooms on a 14 room ward at Quinte Health Care's Belleville...

Dispersal Patterns Are Key To Invasive Species' Success
2014-01-21 12:48:06

Duke University Bacterial test of a theory has implications for ecology and infectious disease In 1859 an Australian farmer named Thomas Austin released 24 grey rabbits from Europe into the wild because it "could do little harm and might provide a touch of home, in addition to a spot of hunting." By the end of the century, the rabbits had begun to overrun native ecosystems, reaching nationwide numbers of 600 million by 1950. They were propagating under a principle known as the Allee...

2014-01-20 09:42:42

A new class of molecules called acyldepsipeptides — ADEPs — may provide a new way to attack bacteria that have developed resistance to antibiotics. Researchers at Brown and MIT have discovered a way to increase the potency of ADEPs by up to 1,200 times. Their findings appear in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. As concerns about bacterial resistance to antibiotics grow, researchers are racing to find new kinds of drugs to replace ones that are no longer effective. One...

Acacia Plants Protected Against Pathogens By Ants
2014-01-16 10:19:05

Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology Researchers discover an additional level of this insect-plant symbiosis The biological term “symbiosis” refers to what economists and politicians usually call a win-win situation: a relationship between two partners which is beneficial to both. The mutualistic association between acacia plants and the ants that live on them is an excellent example: The plants provide food and accommodation in the form of food bodies and nectar as well as...

Bacterial 'Syringe' Necessary For Development Of Marine Animals
2014-01-15 08:43:59

California Institute of Technology If you've ever slipped on a slimy wet rock at the beach, you have bacteria to thank. Those bacteria, nestled in a supportive extracellular matrix, form bacterial biofilms—often slimy substances that cling to wet surfaces. For some marine organisms—like corals, sea urchins, and tubeworms—these biofilms serve a vital purpose, flagging suitable homes for such organisms and actually aiding the transformation of larvae to adults. A new study at the...

2014-01-14 08:22:49

RIVIERA BEACH, Fla., Jan. 14, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- For the first time in 100 years chicken has replaced beef as America's No. 1 meat product for consumers--a challenge for producers to keep pace with demand and an even larger challenge to provide safe products that are free of contaminates. "It's estimated that Americans buy some 83 pounds of chicken per capita annually," said Bill Svec, Vice President of Water and Food Products for RGF Environmental Group. "It's also a fact that...

2014-01-13 10:30:37

Innovative work by two Florida State University scientists that shows the structural and DNA breakdown of a bacteria-invading virus is being featured on the cover of the February issue of the journal Virology. Kathryn Jones and Elizabeth Stroupe, both assistant professors in the Department of Biological Science, have deconstructed a type of virus called a bacteriophage, which infects bacteria. Their work will help researchers in the future have a better understanding of how the virus...


Latest Bacteria Reference Libraries

0_ce8c5b23d8785d6957f1484978ad758f
2011-04-28 18:03:11

Yersinia enterocolitica is a species of gram-negative coccobacillus-shaped bacterium, belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae. Infection from Yersinia enterocolitica causes the zoonotic disease yersiniosis. Most infected animals recover from the disease and become asymptomatic carriers. Acute infections lead to mild self-limiting entero-colitis or terminal ileitis in humans. Symptoms include watery or bloody diarrhea and fever. After oral uptake it replicates in the terminal ileum and...

0_cef863082995e6cb66fa4a692bf165a7
2011-04-28 16:37:36

Vibrio vulnificus is a species of Gram-negative, motile, curved, rod-shaped bacteria of the Vibrio Genus. Hollis et al. first reported it in 1976. It was given the name Beneckea vulnifica by Reichelt et al. in 1976 and in 1979 Vibrio vulnificus by Farmer. V. vulnificus is related to V. cholerae and is present in marine environments such as estuaries, brackish ponds, or coastal areas. It causes an infection often incurred after eating seafood, especially raw or undercooked oysters. It can...

0_9fb0173be70876d98667eddc1e274866
2011-04-28 14:27:08

Streptococcus pneumoniae, or pneumococcus, is Gram-positive, alpha-hemolytic, bile-soluble aerotolerant, anaerobic member of the genus Streptococcus. It was recognized as a major cause of pneumonia in the late 19th century and is thus the subject of many humoral immunity studies. It causes many other types of pneumococcal infections other than pneumonia including acute sinusitis, otitis media, meningitis, bacteremia, sepsis, septic arthritis, peritonitis, cellulites, and brain abscess. It...

0_b8b1f3bc239d54bf277f330c7dafdbb1
2011-04-26 23:21:38

Streptococcus mutans is a Gram-positive cocci, Facultative anaerobic bacterium commonly found in the human oral cavity and is a significant contributor to tooth decay. J Kilian Clarke first described the microbe in 1924. The first colonizers of the tooth surface are mainly Neisseria spp. and streptococci, including S. mutans. The pioneer species changes the local environmental conditions through growth and metabolism thus allowing more fastidious organisms to further colonize after them,...

0_565be8ac4669df235cfa9eb09fa14a3d
2011-04-26 20:59:00

Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of thirty-three known species belonging to the genus Staphylococcus. It is part of our skin flora and can also be found in the mucous membranes and in animals. It is the most common species found in laboratory test due to contamination. It is not usually pathogenic; however, patients with a compromised immune system often risk infection. Infections can be both nosocomial and community acquired and are more of a threat to hospital patients. Hospitals carry...

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