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Bacteriology Reference Libraries

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Staphylococcus epidermidis
2011-04-26 20:59:00

Staphylococcus epidermidis is one of thirty-three known species belonging to the genus Staphylococcus. It is part of our skin flora and can also be found in the mucous membranes and in animals. It is the most common species found in laboratory test due to contamination. It is not usually pathogenic; however, patients with a compromised immune system often risk infection. Infections can be...

Staphylococcus aureus
2011-04-26 20:20:41

Staphylococcus aureus is a facultative anaerobic gram-positive coccus, and is the most common cause of staph infections. It is commonly part of the skin flora found in the nose and on skin. Around 20% of the human population is long-term carriers. It gets its golden color due to its carotenoid pigment staphyloxanthin. The pigment acts as a virulence factor with an antioxidant action that allows...

Salmonella enterica
2011-04-25 21:28:48

Salmonella enterica is a subspecies of Salmonella enterica, the rod shaped, flagellated, aerobic, Gram-negative bacterium. It is a member of the genus Salmonella and many of the pathogenic serovars of the S. enterica species are in this subspecies. Serovars can be designated fully or in a shortened form. The genus, Salmonella, is on the short form lists which are followed by the capitalized...

Pseudomonas aeruginosa
2011-04-25 21:18:54

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common bacterium that can cause disease in animals and humans. It can be found in soil, water, skin flora, and most man-made environments throughout the world. It thrives in normal or hypoxic atmospheres; due to this it has colonized many natural and artificial environments. It can infect animals with damaged tissue or people with reduced immunity. Symptoms are...

Lactobacillus casei
2011-04-18 21:59:17

Lactobacillus casei is a species of genus Lactobacillus found in the human intestine and mouth. Since it produces lactic acid it helps with the propagation of desirable bacteria. This species is documented to have a wide pH and temperature range. It also improves digestion and reduces lactose intolerance and constipation. Most often L. casei is industrial, specifically for diary production....

Lactobacillus acidophilus
2011-04-18 21:52:41

Lactobacillus acidophilus is a species in the genus Lactobacillus. It is a homo-fermentative species, fermenting sugars into lactic acid, which grows readily at rather low pH values and has an optimum growth temperature of 37 °C. It occurs naturally in the human and animal gastrointestinal tract, mouth, and vagina. Some strains have probiotic characteristics. Strains are commercially used in...

Klebsiella pneumoniae
2011-04-18 21:37:33

Klebsiella pneumoniae is a Gram-negative, non-motile, encapsulated, lactose fermenting, facultative anaerobic, rod shaped bacterium found in the normal flora of the mouth, skin, and intestines. It is the most important member of the Klebsiella genus of Enterobacteriaceae. It is naturally occurring in soil and about 30% of strains can fix nitrogen in anaerobic conditions. Hans Christian Gram...

Gardnerella
2011-04-15 15:11:42

Gardnerella is a genus of gram-variable-staining facultative anaerobic bacteria of which G. vaginalis is the only species. It grows as small, circular, convex, gray colonies on chocolate agar. Colistin-oxolinic acid blood agar is a selective medium for G. vaginalis. Bacterial vaginosis results in some women as a result of disruption of the normal vaginal microflora. Lactobacillus population...

Enterococcus faecalis
2011-04-15 14:36:05

Enterococcus faecalis "“ formerly classified as part of the Group D Streptococcus system "“ is a Gram-positive, commensal bacterium inhabiting the gastrointestinal tracts of humans and other mammals. It is one of the main constituents of some probiotic food supplements. E. faecalis can cause life-threatening infections in humans. It is frequently found in root canal-treated teeth in...

Corynebacterium diphtheriae
2011-04-15 14:19:47

Corynebacterium diphtheriae is a pathogenic bacterium that causes diphtheria. It was discovered in 1884. There are four subspecies C. diphtheriae mitis, C. diphtheriae intermedius, C. diphtheriae gravis, and C. diphtheriae belfanti. They all are a little bit different in their colonial morphology and biochemical properties such as the ability to metabolize certain nutrients. The diphtheria...

Word of the Day
megalophonous
  • Having a loud voice; vociferous; clamorous.
  • Of grand or imposing sound.
The word 'megalophonous' comes from Greek roots meaning 'big' and 'sound'.