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Batoidea Reference Libraries

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Reef Manta Ray Manta alfredi
2012-12-29 11:15:17

The reef manta ray is found in shallow coastal waters around the Indo-West Pacific, The Red Sea, South Africa, Thailand and Western Australia. It can also be found around the southern islands of Japan and from Eastern Australia to French Polynesia, including the Hawaiian Islands. It will normally stay within a few miles of the shoreline around coral and rocky reef areas. The reef manta ray...

Giant Oceanic Manta Ray Manta birostris
2012-12-29 11:07:10

The largest ray in the world is the giant oceanic manta ray. It is found in the open water of all the major oceans of the world. In the eastern Atlantic it can be seen from New Jersey to Uruguay; in the western Atlantic from the Azores Islands to South Africa; in the eastern Pacific from southern California to Peru and in the western Pacific from Japan to New Zealand. It also can be seen in the...

Cownose Ray Rhinoptera bonasus
2012-12-29 10:52:00

The cownose ray is found in the western Atlantic from the coast of Maine to southern Brazil. In the fall schools of 10,000 or more will migrate south to the warmer water of Yucatan, Mexico. The cownose ray is a bottom dweller at depths of up to 70 feet, in brackish (salty) water. As a territorial act the cownose will leap out of the water and land with a loud smack. An adult cownose has a...

Bull Ray Pteromylaeus bovinus
2012-12-27 16:11:25

The bull ray is found in the warm coastal waters, lagoons, and estuaries of Europe and Africa, mainly in the eastern Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Black Sea, and Mediterranean Sea. The full distribution of this species is unclear. It swims both near the surface and on the bottom to feed in small groups at depths of 200 ft or more, sometimes leaping out of the water. Occasionally it is called a...

Shovelnose Guitarfish
2009-01-20 19:15:53

The Shovelnose Guitarfish (Rhinobatos productus) is a species of ray that is found in Pacific waters from central California down to the Sea of Cortez. It can be found, sometimes in large numbers, over sand or mud sand bottoms in colder, shallow coastal waters. This fish is also known as the Shovelnose Shark, Pointed-nosed Guitarfish, and simply Guitarfish. The body of the guitarfish is...

Atlantic stingray
2007-04-19 05:49:59

The Atlantic stingray, Dasyatis sabina, is a stingray of the family Dasyatidae found in the western Atlantic from Chesapeake Bay to southern Florida between latitudes 39° N and 17° N, at depths down to 82.02 ft (25 m). Its length is up to 2 ft (61 cm). The Atlantic stingray has a prominent triangular snout and broadly rounded outer corners of disc. There are a few scapular spines, and...

Short-tail stingray
2007-04-19 05:16:08

The Short-tail stingray, Dasyatis brevicaudata, also known as the Smooth stingray, is the largest stingray in the world. It is a member of Dasyatidae, the stingray family. It is one of numerous species sometimes called "bull rays". The Short-tail stingray is found on the continental shelf around South Africa (from Cape Town to the Zambezi), Mozambique, Australia (from Shark Bay, around the...

Word of the Day
cacodemon
  • An evil spirit; a devil.
  • A nightmare.
  • In astrology, the twelfth house of a scheme or figure of the heavens: so called from its signifying dreadful things, such as secret enemies, great losses, imprisonment, etc.
'Cacodemon' comes from a Greek term meaning 'evil genius.'
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