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Last updated on April 16, 2014 at 5:23 EDT

Latest Berkeley Lab Stories

2014-04-01 12:46:01

Berkeley Lab researchers find hybrids use less fuel and mitigate emissions more effectively in India, China than in U.S. What makes cities in India and China so frustrating to drive in—heavy traffic, aggressive driving style, few freeways—makes them ideal for saving fuel with hybrid vehicles, according to new research by scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). In a pair of studies using real-world driving conditions, they...

Promising News For Solar Fuels from Berkeley Lab Researchers
2014-03-07 15:04:01

Berkeley Lab There’s promising news from the front on efforts to produce  fuels through artificial photosynthesis. A new study by Berkeley Lab researchers at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) shows that nearly 90-percent of the electrons generated by a hybrid material designed to store solar energy in hydrogen are being stored in the target hydrogen molecules. Gary Moore, a chemist and principal investigator with Berkeley Lab’s Physical Biosciences Division, led...

2014-02-07 12:52:46

Berkeley Researchers Show Expanded Role for Guide RNA in Cas9 Interactions with DNA The potential is there for bacteria and other microbes to be genetically engineered to perform a cornucopia of valuable goods and services, from the production of safer, more effective medicines and clean, green, sustainable fuels, to the clean-up and restoration of our air, water and land. Cells from eukaryotic organisms can also be modified for research or to fight disease. To achieve these and other...

Researchers Find Clear Evidence For Coherent Phonons In Superlattices
2014-02-06 13:20:27

Berkeley Lab We all learn in high school science about the dual nature of light – that it exists as both waves and quantum particles called photons. It is this duality of light that enables the coherent transport of photons in lasers. Sound at the atomic-scale has the same dual nature, existing as both waves and quasi-particles known as phonons. Does this duality allow for phonon-based lasers? Some theorists say yes, but the point has been argued for years. Recently a large...

How Does A Shape-shifting DNA-repair Machine Fight Cancer?
2014-02-04 12:27:58

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source reveals inner-workings of essential protein found throughout life. Maybe you’ve seen the movies or played with toy Transformers, those shape-shifting machines that morph in response to whatever challenge they face. It turns out that DNA-repair machines in your cells use a similar approach to fight cancer and other diseases, according to research led by scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s...

NERSC Turns On Switch For 'Edison'
2014-01-30 15:07:07

NERSC The National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center recently accepted “Edison,” a new flagship supercomputer designed for scientific productivity. Named in honor of American inventor Thomas Alva Edison, the Cray XC30 will be dedicated in a ceremony held at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) on Feb. 5, and scientists are already reporting results. About 5,000 researchers working on 700 projects and running 600...

Electronic Whiskers Could Help Robots Feel Their Surroundings
2014-01-22 05:03:39

[ Watch the Video: Cats Inspire Nanotechnology Whiskers For Robotics ] April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Nanotechnology has brought us many advances such as electronic skin (e-skin) and electronic eye implants (e-eyes), and now, a research team from Berkeley Lab and the University of California Berkeley is on the verge of creating electronic whiskers. The study, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, describes the tactile sensors the team...

Researchers Find New Form Of Quantum Matter
2014-01-17 14:24:26

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory The discovery of what is essentially a 3D version of graphene – the 2D sheets of carbon through which electrons race at many times the speed at which they move through silicon – promises exciting new things to come for the high-tech industry, including much faster transistors and far more compact hard drives. A collaboration of researchers at the U.S Department of Energy (DOE)’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has discovered...

2013-12-19 11:54:50

Berkeley Lab Researchers Show that Aerobic Glycolysis is a Cause of Malignancy Metabolism was lost in the shadows of cancer research for decades but has recently been reclaiming some of the spotlight. Now, Mina Bissell, Distinguished Scientist with Berkeley Lab’s Life Sciences Division and a leading authority on breast cancer, has shown that aerobic glycolysis – glucose metabolism in the presence of oxygen – is not the consequence of the cancerous activity of malignant cells but is...

Researchers Create First Soluble 2D Supramolecular Organic Frameworks
2013-12-16 14:20:48

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Supramolecular chemistry, aka chemistry beyond the molecule, in which molecules and molecular complexes are held together by non-covalent bonds, is just beginning to come into its own with the emergence of nanotechnology. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are commanding much of the attention because of their appetite for greenhouse gases, but a new player has joined the field – supramolecular organic frameworks (SOFs). Researchers with the U.S....