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Latest Berkeley Lab Stories

2014-07-17 16:06:47

Berkeley Lab A Berkeley Lab-Intel collaboration outlines the chemistry of photoresist, enabling smaller features for future generations of microprocessors. Over the years, computer chips have gotten smaller thanks to advances in materials science and manufacturing technologies. This march of progress, the doubling of transistors on a microprocessor roughly every two years, is called Moore’s Law. But there’s one component of the chip-making process in need of an overhaul if...

research outlines the story of soot
2014-07-02 03:36:39

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Researchers at the Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Lab (Berkeley Lab) and the University of Hawaii have uncovered the first step in the process that transforms gas-phase molecules into solid particles like soot and other carbon-based compounds. The finding could help combustion chemists make more-efficient, less-polluting fuels and help materials scientists fine-tune their carbon nanotubes and graphene sheets for faster, smaller...

Tabletop Particle Accelerator Laser Light Does Not Have To Be As Powerful
2014-05-29 05:07:42

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Creating your own tabletop particle accelerator just got a little bit easier, according to scientists from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), who report that the laser lights used in these miniature units do not have to be as precise as previously believed. When most people think of particle accelerators, things like the Large Hadron Collider that was used in the discovery of the Higgs boson come to mind....

2014-05-05 10:28:54

The icing on the cake for semiconductor nanocrystals that provide a non-damped optoelectronic effect may exist as a layer of tin that segregates near the surface. One method of altering the electrical properties of a semiconductor is by introducing impurities called dopants. A team led by Delia Milliron, a chemist at Berkeley Lab’s Molecular Foundry, a U.S Department of Energy (DOE) national nanoscience center, has demonstrated that equally important as the amount of dopant is how the...

2014-04-01 12:46:01

Berkeley Lab researchers find hybrids use less fuel and mitigate emissions more effectively in India, China than in U.S. What makes cities in India and China so frustrating to drive in—heavy traffic, aggressive driving style, few freeways—makes them ideal for saving fuel with hybrid vehicles, according to new research by scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). In a pair of studies using real-world driving conditions, they...

Promising News For Solar Fuels from Berkeley Lab Researchers
2014-03-07 15:04:01

Berkeley Lab There’s promising news from the front on efforts to produce  fuels through artificial photosynthesis. A new study by Berkeley Lab researchers at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) shows that nearly 90-percent of the electrons generated by a hybrid material designed to store solar energy in hydrogen are being stored in the target hydrogen molecules. Gary Moore, a chemist and principal investigator with Berkeley Lab’s Physical Biosciences Division, led...

2014-02-07 12:52:46

Berkeley Researchers Show Expanded Role for Guide RNA in Cas9 Interactions with DNA The potential is there for bacteria and other microbes to be genetically engineered to perform a cornucopia of valuable goods and services, from the production of safer, more effective medicines and clean, green, sustainable fuels, to the clean-up and restoration of our air, water and land. Cells from eukaryotic organisms can also be modified for research or to fight disease. To achieve these and other...

Researchers Find Clear Evidence For Coherent Phonons In Superlattices
2014-02-06 13:20:27

Berkeley Lab We all learn in high school science about the dual nature of light – that it exists as both waves and quantum particles called photons. It is this duality of light that enables the coherent transport of photons in lasers. Sound at the atomic-scale has the same dual nature, existing as both waves and quasi-particles known as phonons. Does this duality allow for phonon-based lasers? Some theorists say yes, but the point has been argued for years. Recently a large...

How Does A Shape-shifting DNA-repair Machine Fight Cancer?
2014-02-04 12:27:58

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley Lab’s Advanced Light Source reveals inner-workings of essential protein found throughout life. Maybe you’ve seen the movies or played with toy Transformers, those shape-shifting machines that morph in response to whatever challenge they face. It turns out that DNA-repair machines in your cells use a similar approach to fight cancer and other diseases, according to research led by scientists from the U.S. Department of Energy’s...

NERSC Turns On Switch For 'Edison'
2014-01-30 15:07:07

NERSC The National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center recently accepted “Edison,” a new flagship supercomputer designed for scientific productivity. Named in honor of American inventor Thomas Alva Edison, the Cray XC30 will be dedicated in a ceremony held at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) on Feb. 5, and scientists are already reporting results. About 5,000 researchers working on 700 projects and running 600...


Word of the Day
mallemaroking
  • Nautical, the visiting and carousing of sailors in the Greenland ships.
This word is apparently from a confusion of two similar Dutch words: 'mallemerok,' a foolish woman, and 'mallemok,' a name for some persons among the crew of a whaling vessel.