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Latest Beta cell Stories

2011-05-10 07:00:00

NEW YORK and SAN DIEGO, May 10, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- The Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) and Amylin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: AMLN) announced today that they have entered into a research collaboration agreement to provide financial support for a series of clinical studies to investigate the feasibility of mixing pramlintide, an analog of the human hormone amylin, with insulin to treat type 1 diabetes. Pramlintide, marketed by Amylin as SYMLIN®...

2011-04-25 14:07:56

Decreasing blood levels of a protein that helps control inflammation may be a red flag that could help children avoid type 1 diabetes, researchers say. Georgia Health Sciences University researchers are looking at blood levels of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist, or IL-1ra, in children being closely followed because their genes put them at risk for type 1 diabetes. They also are looking at diabetic mice missing IL-1ra to see how the protein deficiency affects immune function and destruction...

2011-03-29 07:38:00

CAMBRIDGE, Mass., March 29, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Pathfinder, LLC, a private biotechnology company focused on the treatment of diseases characterized by organ-specific cell damage ("Pathfinder"), today announced publication of promising preclinical data demonstrating that the Company's unique cell-based therapy is able to completely reverse diabetes in a mouse model. The results of the study, which will be printed in the April issue of Rejuvenation Research and available currently online,...

2011-03-24 18:01:44

New role for short telomeres New evidence has emerged from studies in mice that short telomeres or "caps" at the ends of chromosomes may predispose people to age-related diabetes, according to Johns Hopkins scientists. Telomeres are repetitive sequences of DNA that protect the ends of chromosomes, and they normally shorten with age, much like the caps that protect the end of shoelaces. As telomeres shorten, cells lose the ability to divide normally and eventually die. Telomere shortening has...

2011-03-24 14:14:42

Finding has implications for 79 million Americans A pill taken once a day in the morning prevented type 2 diabetes in more than 70 percent of individuals whose obesity, ethnicity and other markers put them at highest risk for the disease, U.S. scientists reported today. The team also noted a 31 percent decrease in the rate of thickening of the carotid artery, the major vessel that supplies blood to the brain. The study, which enrolled 602 participants through The University of Texas Health...

2011-03-16 13:43:11

Johns Hopkins researchers believe they have uncovered the molecular switch for the secretion of insulin "” the hormone that regulates blood sugar "” providing for the first time an explanation of this process. In a report published online March 1 in Cell Metabolism, the researchers say the work solves a longtime mystery and may lead to better treatments for type 2 diabetes, the most common form of the disease. "Before our discovery, the mechanism behind how exactly the...

2011-02-25 22:56:01

Research offers potential for new diabetes diagnostic test The death of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas is a core defect in diabetes. Scientists in Italy and Texas now have discovered a new way that these cells die "” by toxic imbalance of a molecule secreted by other pancreatic cells. "Our study shows that neighboring cells called alpha cells can behave like adversaries for beta cells. This was an unexpected finding," said Franco Folli, M.D., Ph.D., professor of...

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2011-02-25 08:33:16

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego say an evolutionary gene mutation that occurred in humans millions of years ago and our subsequent inability to produce a specific kind of sialic acid molecule appears to make people more vulnerable to developing type 2 diabetes, especially if they're overweight. The findings are published in the Feb. 24 online edition of The FASEB Journal, a publication of the Federation of...

2011-02-03 08:00:00

INDIANAPOLIS and NEW YORK, Feb. 3, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY) and the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) today announced that they have signed an agreement to fund early-stage research that could enable patients with type 1 diabetes to regenerate insulin-producing cells destroyed by the disease. "The goal of this research agreement is to understand how selected cells can be reprogrammed in order to convert them into insulin-producing cells in the...

2011-01-31 07:39:49

(Ivanhoe Newswire) -- About 1 million people are affected by type 1 diabetes in the United States. According to a new study, type 1 diabetes could be converted to an asymptomatic, non-insulin dependent disorder by eliminating the actions of a specific hormone. Type 1 diabetes is typically first diagnosed in children and teenagers. It is a disease where the body doesn't produce insulin -- a hormone that is needed to convert sugars, starches, and other food into energy. Glucagon is a hormone...


Latest Beta cell Reference Libraries

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2010-12-03 18:12:26

Insulin, a hormone, is used to regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body. Insulin causes cells to take up glucose from the blood and store it as glycogen in the liver and muscle. This hormone stops the body from using fat as an energy source by inhibiting the release of glucagons. Without insulin the body fails to take glucose into the bodies cells and in turns uses fat as an energy source. It also has several other anabolic effects throughout the body. Diabetes mellitus results...

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Word of the Day
penuche
  • A fudgelike confection of brown sugar, cream or milk, and chopped nuts.
'Penuche' is a variant of 'panocha,' a coarse grade of sugar made in Mexico. 'Panocha' probably comes from the Spanish 'panoja, panocha,' ear of grain.
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