Quantcast

Latest Beta cell Stories

2011-03-16 13:43:11

Johns Hopkins researchers believe they have uncovered the molecular switch for the secretion of insulin "” the hormone that regulates blood sugar "” providing for the first time an explanation of this process. In a report published online March 1 in Cell Metabolism, the researchers say the work solves a longtime mystery and may lead to better treatments for type 2 diabetes, the most common form of the disease. "Before our discovery, the mechanism behind how exactly the...

2011-02-25 22:56:01

Research offers potential for new diabetes diagnostic test The death of insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas is a core defect in diabetes. Scientists in Italy and Texas now have discovered a new way that these cells die "” by toxic imbalance of a molecule secreted by other pancreatic cells. "Our study shows that neighboring cells called alpha cells can behave like adversaries for beta cells. This was an unexpected finding," said Franco Folli, M.D., Ph.D., professor of...

4a67537ba671cb2eabfc0d39ac155faf1
2011-02-25 08:33:16

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Rady Children's Hospital-San Diego say an evolutionary gene mutation that occurred in humans millions of years ago and our subsequent inability to produce a specific kind of sialic acid molecule appears to make people more vulnerable to developing type 2 diabetes, especially if they're overweight. The findings are published in the Feb. 24 online edition of The FASEB Journal, a publication of the Federation of...

2011-02-03 08:00:00

INDIANAPOLIS and NEW YORK, Feb. 3, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY) and the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation (JDRF) today announced that they have signed an agreement to fund early-stage research that could enable patients with type 1 diabetes to regenerate insulin-producing cells destroyed by the disease. "The goal of this research agreement is to understand how selected cells can be reprogrammed in order to convert them into insulin-producing cells in the...

2011-01-31 07:39:49

(Ivanhoe Newswire) -- About 1 million people are affected by type 1 diabetes in the United States. According to a new study, type 1 diabetes could be converted to an asymptomatic, non-insulin dependent disorder by eliminating the actions of a specific hormone. Type 1 diabetes is typically first diagnosed in children and teenagers. It is a disease where the body doesn't produce insulin -- a hormone that is needed to convert sugars, starches, and other food into energy. Glucagon is a hormone...

2011-01-27 15:26:34

Type 1 diabetes could be converted to an asymptomatic, non-insulin-dependent disorder by eliminating the actions of a specific hormone, new findings by UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers suggest. These findings in mice show that insulin becomes completely superfluous and its absence does not cause diabetes or any other abnormality when the actions of glucagon are suppressed. Glucagon, a hormone produced by the pancreas, prevents low blood sugar levels in healthy individuals. It causes...

2011-01-04 13:30:32

The research group led by professor Makoto Tominaga and Dr. Kunitoshi Uchida, National institute for Physiological Sciences (NIPS), found TRPM2 ion channel in pancreatic beta-cells is important for insulin secretion stimulated by glucose and gastrointestinal hormone (incretin) secreted after food intake.  Their finding was reported in Diabetes. Diabetes mellitus is a disease caused by lack of insulin secretion from pancreatic cells, or less response to the secreted insulin, which raises...

2010-12-27 13:43:25

New findings by UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers may solve a 17-year-old mystery about how the so-called "starvation hormone" affects multiple biological systems, including preventing insulin sensitivity and promoting cell survival. The results connect multiple observations about how the hormone adiponectin functions and eventually could lead to new treatments for conditions ranging from diabetes and weight loss to heart disease and cancer. "Until now, there wasn't really an obvious...

2010-12-09 14:24:14

Team finds new software accurately predicts key information on nasal insulin treatment A La Jolla Institute team, led by leading type 1 diabetes researcher Matthias von Herrath, M.D., has demonstrated the effectiveness of a recently developed computer model in predicting key information about nasal insulin treatment regimens in type 1 (juvenile) diabetes. Development of the software, the Type 1 Diabetes PhysioLab® Platform, was funded through the peer-reviewed grant program...

2010-11-02 07:30:00

CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Nov. 2 /PRNewswire/ -- Tolerx, Inc., a biopharmaceutical company developing novel therapies to treat autoimmune diseases and cancer by modulating T cell activity, announced today that it has established a Scientific Advisory Board to help advance the company's research and clinical studies in type 1 diabetes. This Scientific Advisory Board will support the scientific advancements that underlie the company's lead drug candidate, otelixizumab, as well as guide the creation...


Latest Beta cell Reference Libraries

0_0d961f30bdfa64859d9b869b063ddcd2
2010-12-03 18:12:26

Insulin, a hormone, is used to regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body. Insulin causes cells to take up glucose from the blood and store it as glycogen in the liver and muscle. This hormone stops the body from using fat as an energy source by inhibiting the release of glucagons. Without insulin the body fails to take glucose into the bodies cells and in turns uses fat as an energy source. It also has several other anabolic effects throughout the body. Diabetes mellitus results...

More Articles (1 articles) »
Word of the Day
abrosia
  • Wasting away as a result of abstinence from food.
The word 'abrosia' comes from a Greek roots meaning 'not' and 'eating'.