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Latest Beta cell Stories

2010-03-09 08:20:31

We have known for several years that Hepatitis C, a common cause of liver cirrhosis and cancer, also makes people three to four times more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes. In studying the insulin resistance of 29 people with Hepatitis C, Australian researchers have confirmed that they have high insulin resistance, a precursor to diabetes. However, almost all insulin resistance occurs in muscle, with little or none in the liver, a very surprising finding given that Hepatitis C is a liver...

2010-02-27 09:08:11

A unique model for a common disease The increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes places a huge burden on its victims and poses a tremendous challenge to healthcare systems. Half of all heart attacks and stroke cases, but also many other deleterious conditions, can be ascribed to the effects of this metabolic syndrome. In Germany alone, some seven million people currently suffer from the disease, and the number of cases worldwide is projected to reach 370 million by the year 2030. Type 2...

2010-02-05 14:12:57

Could hold the key to reversing the disease Doctors at Eastern Virginia Medical School's Strelitz Diabetes Center have been stalking the culprit responsible for Type 1 diabetes. Now, they are one step closer. Members of a research team at the center, led by Jerry Nadler, MD, professor and chair of internal medicine and director of the center, have been studying the role of the enzyme 12-Lipoxygenase (12-LO) in the development of Type 1 diabetes. They hope that targeting this enzyme will hold...

2010-02-03 17:01:45

A hormone responsible for the body's stress response is also linked to the growth of insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, according to JDRF- funded researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in California. The findings are the latest advances to underscore the potential for regeneration as a key component of a possible cure for type 1 diabetes. The research, which was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, was led by Wylie Vale, Ph.D., Professor...

2010-01-22 13:18:52

The neuropeptide corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) makes cameo appearances throughout the body, but its leading role is as the opening act in the stress response, jump-starting the process along the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies have found that CRF also plays a part in the pancreas, where it increases insulin secretion and promotes the division of the insulin-producing beta cells. These findings, which will be published...

2010-01-07 06:55:00

CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Jan. 7 /PRNewswire/ -- Tolerx, Inc., today announced the completion of patient enrollment in its Phase 3 clinical study DEFEND-1, which is evaluating the safety and efficacy of otelixizumab, a targeted T cell immunomodulator, in patients with new-onset autoimmune type 1 diabetes. The DEFEND-1 (Durable Response Therapy Evaluation For Early or New-Onset Type 1 Diabetes) study enrolled 240 patients, aged 12-45 years with newly diagnosed autoimmune type 1 diabetes. The...

2010-01-04 13:32:05

New research in the FASEB Journal reports that the G6PD protein, which produces the essential antioxidant NAPDH, could prevent the death of pancreatic beta cells, the root cause of diabetes A new research discovery published online in the FASEB Journal (http://www.fasebj.org) may change the perception and treatment of diabetes. That's because scientists have moved closer toward correcting the root cause of the disease rather than managing its symptoms. Specifically researchers identified a...

2009-12-17 17:50:00

MELBOURNE, Australia, Dec. 17 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Treatment for Diabetic Patients a Major New Objective Key points: *Single injection of proprietary adult stem cells resulted in increased blood insulin levels and sustained reduction in blood glucose levels *Stem cell treatment induced two-fold increase in total numbers of pancreatic islets, and increase in insulin-producing beta cells *Results indicate pancreas may successfully be regenerated by proprietary adult stem cells...

2009-12-17 09:35:00

-- Program Focuses on Discovery and Development of Drugs to Promote Beta Cell Survival and Function in Diabetes -- NEW YORK, Dec. 17 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation, a leader in setting the agenda for diabetes research worldwide, said today that it will begin working with The Johnson & Johnson Corporate Office of Science and Technology, and its affiliates, to speed the development of drug targets and pathways to promote the survival and function of...

2009-12-15 14:30:00

WASHINGTON, Dec. 15 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A 21-year old Airman severely wounded in Afghanistan is recovering at Walter Reed Army Medical Center after several surgeries and an unprecedented transplant. The procedure performed by medical teams at Walter Reed and the University of Miami's Miller School of Medicine, is the first known case of successful isolation and transplantation of insulin producing cells following severe trauma requiring complete removal of the pancreas. When...


Latest Beta cell Reference Libraries

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2010-12-03 18:12:26

Insulin, a hormone, is used to regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body. Insulin causes cells to take up glucose from the blood and store it as glycogen in the liver and muscle. This hormone stops the body from using fat as an energy source by inhibiting the release of glucagons. Without insulin the body fails to take glucose into the bodies cells and in turns uses fat as an energy source. It also has several other anabolic effects throughout the body. Diabetes mellitus results...

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Word of the Day
jument
  • A beast of burden; also, a beast in general.
'Jument' ultimately comes from the Latin 'jugum,' yoke.
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