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Latest Beta cell Stories

Educating T-Cells With Stem Cell Therapy Reverses Diabetes
2012-01-10 07:31:18

Type 1 diabetes is caused by the body's own immune system attacking its pancreatic islet beta cells and requires daily injections of insulin to regulate the patient's blood glucose levels. A new method described in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Medicine uses stem cells from cord blood to re-educate a diabetic's own T cells and consequently restart pancreatic function reducing the need for insulin. Stem Cell Educator therapy slowly passes lymphocytes separated from a patient's...

2011-12-13 22:44:57

Study is first to discover abnormal signals that harm insulin-making cells Insulin signaling is altered in the pancreas, a new study shows for the first time in humans. The errant signals disrupt both the number and quality of beta cells – the cells that produce insulin. The finding is described in the journal PLoS ONE. Franco Folli, M.D., Ph.D., of the School of Medicine at The University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio, and Rohit Kulkarni, M.D., Ph.D., of the Joslin...

2011-12-12 17:04:19

A rare genetic disorder has given researchers at the Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Exeter, a surprising insight into how the pancreas develops. The finding provides a clue to how it may be possible to 'program' stem cells — master cells in the body that can develop into specialized cells — to become pancreatic cells. Pancreatic agenesis is a rare condition in which the body is unable to produce a pancreas. The pancreas plays an essential role in...

2011-12-12 12:11:51

A rare genetic disorder has given researchers at the University of Exeter a surprising insight into how the pancreas develops. The finding provides a clue to how it may be possible to 'program' stem cells — master cells in the body that can develop into specialized cells — to become pancreatic cells. Pancreatic agenesis is a rare condition in which the body is unable to produce a pancreas. The pancreas plays an essential role in regulating levels of sugar (glucose) in the...

2011-12-02 01:47:29

Cellular movies could greatly enhance search for Type 1 disease interventions A war is being waged in the pancreases of millions of people throughout the world. The siege leads to the development of type 1 diabetes and has been a battlefield largely hidden from view-- until now. Researchers at the La Jolla Institute for Allergy & Immunology have created the first cellular movies showing the destruction underlying type 1 diabetes in real-time in mouse models. This detailed, dynamic view...

2011-11-07 16:53:42

Type 1 diabetes is a lifelong disease characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. It is caused by the patient's immune system attacking and destroying the cells in their pancreas that produce the hormone insulin, which regulates blood glucose levels. Surprisingly, little is known about the mechanisms regulating the sensitivity and resistance of these cells, which are known as beta-cells, to immune system attack. However, a team of researchers led by Paola Meda, at the...

2011-11-02 16:25:43

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia researchers use a diabetes drug to permanently reprogram insulin-producing cells Pediatric researchers who tested newborn animals with an existing human drug used in adults with diabetes report that this drug, when given very early in life, prevents diabetes from developing in adult animals. If this finding can be repeated in humans, it may become a way to prevent at-risk infants from developing type 2 diabetes. "We uncovered a novel mechanism to...


Latest Beta cell Reference Libraries

0_0d961f30bdfa64859d9b869b063ddcd2
2010-12-03 18:12:26

Insulin, a hormone, is used to regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body. Insulin causes cells to take up glucose from the blood and store it as glycogen in the liver and muscle. This hormone stops the body from using fat as an energy source by inhibiting the release of glucagons. Without insulin the body fails to take glucose into the bodies cells and in turns uses fat as an energy source. It also has several other anabolic effects throughout the body. Diabetes mellitus results...

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Word of the Day
abrosia
  • Wasting away as a result of abstinence from food.
The word 'abrosia' comes from a Greek roots meaning 'not' and 'eating'.