POLARBEAR Seeks Cosmic Answers In Microwave Polarization

POLARBEAR Seeks Cosmic Answers In Microwave Polarization

Provided by Robert Sanders, University of California - Berkeley An international team of physicists has measured a subtle characteristic in the polarization of the cosmic microwave background radiation that will allow them to map the...

Latest Big Bang Stories

big bang universe
2014-10-11 06:14:12

Chuck Bednar for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online By measuring the radiation leaks in a large, densely-packed star-forming galaxy, astronomers have been able to learn more about how the universe evolved as the first stars were formed, according to research published online Thursday in the journal Science. Lead author Sanchayeeta Borthakur, an assistant research scientist at Johns Hopkins University, and her colleagues reported how they used a method of analyzing star-forming galaxies...

black hole growth
2014-08-12 07:56:18

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Several processes typically limit how quickly black holes can grow, so how did those located at the ends of the universe come to have masses equal to several billion suns? Researchers from the Wiezmann Institute of Science and Yale University have proposed a potential solution in the latest edition of the journal Science. These enormous black holes, the study authors noted in a statement, consume large quantities of interstellar...

big bang black hole
2014-08-08 07:08:18

Colin Hunter, Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics Our universe may have emerged from a black hole in a higher-dimensional universe, propose a trio of Perimeter Institute researchers in the cover story of the latest Scientific American. The big bang poses a big question: if it was indeed the cataclysm that blasted our universe into existence 13.7 billion years ago, what sparked it? Three Perimeter Institute researchers have a new idea about what might have come before the big...

Cosmic microwave background
2014-08-06 03:00:27

Hillary Sanctuary/Mediacom, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne The Planck Telescope allowed physicists to draw the most detailed map of the first light emitted after the Big Bang. Some of its features do not entirely fit the standard cosmological theory, but scientists have discovered that these anomalies could be explained by how the data was processed. Last year, the Planck Telescope revealed the most detailed picture of the cosmic microwave background, the relic radiation...

universe bubble
2014-07-20 03:30:49

Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics Perimeter Associate Faculty member Matthew Johnson and his colleagues are working to bring the multiverse hypothesis, which to some sounds like a fanciful tale, firmly into the realm of testable science. Never mind the big bang; in the beginning was the vacuum. The vacuum simmered with energy (variously called dark energy, vacuum energy, the inflation field, or the Higgs field). Like water in a pot, this high energy began to evaporate –...

Solving The Long-standing Mystery Surrounding The Evolution Of Galaxies
2014-07-08 03:29:57

[ Watch The Video: A Simulated Dwarf Galaxy 800 Million Years After The Big Bang ] The University of Sheffield New research by academics at the University of Sheffield has solved a long-standing mystery surrounding the evolution of galaxies, deepening our understanding of the future of the Milky Way. The supermassive black holes in the cores of some galaxies drive massive outflows of molecular hydrogen gas. As a result, most of the cold gas is expelled from the galaxies. Since...

milky way simulation
2014-07-07 07:13:31

Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) Astronomers investigating behavior of the universe shortly after the Big Bang have made a surprising discovery: the properties of the early universe are determined by the smallest galaxies. The team report their findings in a paper published today in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Shortly after the Big Bang, the universe was ionized: ordinary matter consisted of hydrogen with its positively charged protons stripped of...

2014-06-16 23:13:13

Authors GA Mohr, Richard Sinclair, and Edwin Fear change readers' perceptions of the universe. Australia (PRWEB) June 16, 2014 Throughout history, brilliant men and women have dedicated their lives to finding the truth about the universe. To this end, a multitude of theories ranging from the Steady State Theory to the Big Bang Theory have sprung up. In “The Evolving Universe” (published by Xlibris AU) authors GA Mohr, Richard Sinclair and Edwin Fear have combined their special...

Testing Einstein's Theory Of Relativity Through Cosmic Microwave Measurements
2014-05-14 08:27:34

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online What do you get when you combine polarized radiation with Einstein's theory of general relativity? According to a group of astrophysicists at UC San Diego, you just might get more accurate estimates for the mass of ghostly subatomic particles known as neutrinos. The study, published in Physical Review Letters, measures the distortions in polarized radiation from the early universe and demonstrates that these ancient microwaves can...

Illustris simulation
2014-05-08 05:17:50

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Researchers at MIT and Harvard have devised the most accurate model to date of how our universe first took shape. Dubbed Illustris, the new virtual cosmos covers the 13 billion-year evolution of the universe beginning just 12 million years after the Big Bang. It includes details never before achieved in a simulation, and accurately portrays the distribution and composition of numerous types of galaxies. "Until now, no single...

Latest Big Bang Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

2004-10-19 04:45:44

Large-Scale Structure of the Cosmos -- Stars are organised into galaxies which in turn appear to form clusters and superclusters, separated by voids. Prior to 1989 it was commonly assumed that the superclusters were the largest structures in existence, and that they were distributed more-or-less uniformly throughout the universe in every direction. However, in 1989, Margaret Geller and John Huchra discovered the "Great Wall", a sheet of galaxies more than 500 million light years long...

2004-10-19 04:45:44

Cosmology -- area of science that aims at a comprehensive theory of the structure and evolution of the entire physical universe. Modern Cosmological Theories Present models of the universe hold two fundamental premises: the cosmological principle and the dominant role of gravitation. Derived by Hubble, the cosmological principle holds that if a large enough sample of galaxies is considered, the universe looks the same from all positions and in all directions in space. The second point...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Redshift -- Redshift is the phenomenon that the frequency of light when observed, under certain circumstances, can be lower than the frequency of light when it was emitted at the source. This usually occurs when the source moves away from the observer, as in the Doppler effect. More specifically, the term redshift is used for the observation that the spectrum of light emitted by distant galaxies is shifted to lower frequencies (towards the red end of the spectrum, hence the name) when...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Quasar -- A quasar (from quasi-stellar radio source) is an astronomical object that looks like a star in optical telescopes (i.e. it is a point source), but has a very high redshift. The general consensus is that this high redshift is cosmological, the result of Hubble's law and that their redshift indicates that they are typically very distant from Earth; we observe them as they were several billions of years ago. Since we can see them despite their distance, they must emit more...

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