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New Method Could Help Scientists Detect Dark Matter
2011-09-19 13:35:51

  Researchers from Princeton University and New York University have developed a method for detecting the collision of stars with a black hole that could help scientists uncover dark matter. Postdoctoral researchers Shravan Hanasoge of Princeton's Department of Geosciences and Michael Kesden of NYU's Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics simulated the result of primordial black hole passing through a star.  Scientists believe that primordial black holes posses the...

Image 1 - Collisions Not Needed For Star Formation
2011-09-13 09:46:39

  ESA's Herschel infrared space observatory has discovered that galaxies do not need to collide with each other to drive vigorous star birth. The finding overturns this long-held assumption and paints a more stately picture of how galaxies evolve. The conclusion is based on Herschel's observations of two patches of sky, each about a third of the size of the full Moon. It's like looking through a keyhole across the Universe — Herschel has seen more than a thousand galaxies...

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2011-08-03 12:45:00

Researchers have resurrected the theory that other universes lie within "bubbles" of space and time, known as the "Multiverse" theory. Studies of the low-temperature glow left from the Big Bang suggest that these "bubble universes" have left marks on our own. The theory is popular in modern physics, but experimental tests have been hard to perform. A team of scientists used data from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) to help reignite this theory. This probe measures detail of...

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2011-07-26 10:15:00

An Australian PhD student has created the most accurate measurements for determining how fast the Universe is expanding. Florian Beutler, a PhD candidate with the International Center for Radio Astronomy Research (ICRAR) at the University of Western Australia, has calculated how fast the Universe is growing by measuring the Hubble constant. "The Hubble constant is a key number in astronomy because it's used to calculate the size and age of the Universe," Beutler said in a statement. As the...

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2011-07-14 07:32:42

Simulations improve characterization of cosmology's "Ëœstandard ruler' Ohio State University researchers are leveraging powerful supercomputers to investigate one of the key observational probes of "dark energy," the mysterious energy form that is causing the expansion of the universe to accelerate over time. The OSU project, led by Chris Orban, a graduate research fellow in physics at Ohio State's Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics, focuses on simulations created on...

2011-07-06 13:30:00

SILVER SPRING, Md., July 6, 2011 /PRNewswire/ --There is no more all-encompassing source of mystery than the universe. Since the dawn of humanity, its vastness has elicited endless wonder and questions that have consumed mankind's intellect and imagination. This summer, SCIENCE welcomes back Professor Brian Cox, the physicist whom the Los Angeles Times affectionately calls "the nerd who is cooler than you," for the four-part series WONDERS OF THE UNIVERSE. Expanding on the promise of...

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2011-06-29 12:45:00

Scientists said on Wednesday that they have discovered the most distant quasar to date, thriving at a time when the Universe was less than 800 million years old. The object is around 100 million years younger than the previously known most distant quasar.  Prior to its discovery, the most distant quasar was about 870 million years old.  The scientists said the newly discovered object was around when the Universe was about 770 million years old, which is only five percent of its...

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2011-05-26 11:45:00

If you have stayed up nights wondering about the shape of electrons, you can now sleep easier. Electrons have been found to be almost, but not quite, perfectly round, The Telegraph reports. Researchers at Imperial College London have recently measuremed the shape of the electron, finding that it is almost a perfect sphere, in a study published in the journal Nature. The decade-long experiment suggests that the electron differs from being perfectly round by less than...

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2011-05-25 10:47:53

Early results from dramatically upgraded telescope show breadth of scientific impact A new and uniquely powerful tool for cutting-edge science is emerging on the crisp, high desert of western New Mexico. Outwardly, it looks much the same as the famed Very Large Array (VLA), a radio telescope that has spent more than three decades on the frontiers of astronomical research. The 27 white, 230-ton dish antennas still peer skyward, the 72 miles of railroad track still wait to transport the...

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2011-05-23 13:30:00

Stanford University astrophysicist Risa Wechsler andother researchers have found that only four percent of galaxies are similar to the Milky Way galaxy. The team compared the Milky Way to similar galaxies in terms of luminosity and distance to other bright galaxies.  They found that galaxies with two satellites that are as bright and close by as the Milk Way's two closest satellites, the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds, are hard to come by. According to a press release by the...


Latest Big Bang Reference Libraries

Cosmology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

8_2c71772f2c3a31994d5208d4518632495
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Large-Scale Structure of the Cosmos -- Stars are organised into galaxies which in turn appear to form clusters and superclusters, separated by voids. Prior to 1989 it was commonly assumed that the superclusters were the largest structures in existence, and that they were distributed more-or-less uniformly throughout the universe in every direction. However, in 1989, Margaret Geller and John Huchra discovered the "Great Wall", a sheet of galaxies more than 500 million light years long...

8_67ff07d77c86523b0eab2955b9ab43e02
2004-10-19 04:45:44

Cosmology -- area of science that aims at a comprehensive theory of the structure and evolution of the entire physical universe. Modern Cosmological Theories Present models of the universe hold two fundamental premises: the cosmological principle and the dominant role of gravitation. Derived by Hubble, the cosmological principle holds that if a large enough sample of galaxies is considered, the universe looks the same from all positions and in all directions in space. The second point...

6_c01dfaf162273609e19b80ea97407cf52
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Redshift -- Redshift is the phenomenon that the frequency of light when observed, under certain circumstances, can be lower than the frequency of light when it was emitted at the source. This usually occurs when the source moves away from the observer, as in the Doppler effect. More specifically, the term redshift is used for the observation that the spectrum of light emitted by distant galaxies is shifted to lower frequencies (towards the red end of the spectrum, hence the name) when...

6_0ba47eab12382e6a4e2cc12b1c7ddf782
2004-10-19 04:45:42

Quasar -- A quasar (from quasi-stellar radio source) is an astronomical object that looks like a star in optical telescopes (i.e. it is a point source), but has a very high redshift. The general consensus is that this high redshift is cosmological, the result of Hubble's law and that their redshift indicates that they are typically very distant from Earth; we observe them as they were several billions of years ago. Since we can see them despite their distance, they must emit more...

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Word of the Day
mundungus
  • A stinking tobacco.
  • Offal; waste animal product; organic matter unfit for consumption.
This word comes from the Spanish 'mondongo,' tripe, entrails.