Latest Big Bang Stories

Massive Neutrinos Help Solve A Cosmological Conundrum
2014-02-10 09:36:04

University of Manchester Scientists have solved a major problem with the current standard model of cosmology identified by combining results from the Planck spacecraft and measurements of gravitational lensing in order to deduce the mass of ghostly sub-atomic particles called neutrinos. The team, from the universities of Manchester and Nottingham, used observations of the Big Bang and the curvature of space-time to accurately measure the mass of these elementary particles for the first...

SkyMapper research team
2014-02-10 08:13:02

Australian National University A team led by astronomers at The Australian National University has discovered the oldest known star in the Universe, which formed shortly after the Big Bang 13.7 billion years ago. The discovery has allowed astronomers for the first time to study the chemistry of the first stars, giving scientists a clearer idea of what the Universe was like in its infancy. "This is the first time that we've been able to unambiguously say that we've found the chemical...

Radio Telescope Arrays Can Be Used To Locate Cosmic Heating From The Earliest Black Holes
2014-02-06 05:05:02

[ Watch the Video: Black Holes Heated Gas Later Than Believed ] redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online In what is being described as a landmark discovery about the origins of the universe, Tel Aviv University researchers report in the journal Nature that black holes, formed from the first-ever stars, heated the gas throughout space much later than previously believed. In addition, study authors Professor Rennan Barkana of TAU's School of Physics and Astronomy, Dr....

Early Galaxies Formed By Collisions
2014-01-29 14:23:23

Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Astronomers writing in the Astrophysical Journal say that massive galaxies in the early universe were formed through collisions. Scientists studied galaxies that existed when the universe was just between 1 and 2 billion years old. The smallest of these galaxies contain a few million stars, while the largest can contain several hundred billion stars. The first stars in the universe showed up about 200 million years after the Big...

FIRE Project Explains Galactic Masses
2014-01-23 09:00:42

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A puzzling contradiction has challenged astrophysicists for decades: many galactic wind models—which are simulations of how matter is distributed in the universe—predict that most of the "normal" matter exists in stars at the center of galaxies. However, these stars actually only account for less than 10 percent of the matter in the universe. Now, new simulations have revealed insight into this mismatch between models and reality,...

Kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect Observed In Individual Object For The First Time
2014-01-17 11:14:32

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Scientists from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) and NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) report in a recent study that they have observed a change in an individual object’s cosmic microwave background radiation resulting from its interaction with massive moving objects for the first time ever. According to the recently-published paper in The Astrophysical Journal, this phenomenon, which is known as the...

Himiko Galaxy's 'Space Blob' Halo Dates Back To The Cosmic Dawn
2014-01-17 08:10:48

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Questions surrounding the glowing gaseous halo extending from a massive early galaxy that have puzzled astronomers since its discovery in 2009 have finally been answered by research appearing in a recent edition of The Astrophysical Journal. Himiko, a very large and extremely distant galaxy with a gaseous halo extending over 55,000 light years, was first discovered four years ago using the Subaru Telescope located at Hawaii’s...

Hubble Detects Faintest-Ever Early Universe Galaxies
2014-01-08 04:44:58

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Using the Hubble Space Telescope, a team of researchers has discovered the smallest, faintest and most numerous galaxies ever discovered in the remote universe, according to research presented Tuesday at the annual meeting of the American Astronomical Society (AAS) in Washington DC. The University of California, Riverside-led team – whose research will also appear in the January 10 issue of The Astrophysical Journal – used...

2013-12-20 23:25:39

The historical, theoretical and experimental evidence on the lack of expansion of the universe was confirmed at five scientific meetings in Europe and in the Far East (http://www.santilli-foundation.org/Conf-2013-No-Univ-Exp.php). Palm Harbor, Florida (PRWEB) December 20, 2013 The historical, theoretical and experimental evidence on the lack of expansion of the universe was confirmed at five scientific meetings in Europe and in the Far East...

Urban Galactic Clusters Stopped Forming Stars Billions Of Years Ago
2013-12-19 12:36:09

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online A new study based on data from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope has revealed new details about so-called urban galaxies that exist in large clusters. The study found that these clusters stopped forming new stars about 9 billion years ago, much later than previously thought. These galactic cities were said to have eventually either used up or lost their fuel. Meanwhile, more rural galaxies are still actively forming stars. "We know...

Latest Big Bang Reference Libraries

2014-01-12 00:00:00

Image Caption: The Hubble Extreme Deep Field (XDF) was completed in September 2012 and shows the farthest galaxies ever photographed by humans. Each speck of light in the photo is an individual galaxy, some of them as old as 13.2 billion years; the observable universe is estimated to contain more than 200 billion galaxies. Credit: NASA/Wikipedia What is Cosmology? I once commented to an acquaintance that I was fascinated by the field of Cosmology, and mused that if I had more time, I...

2004-10-19 04:45:44

Large-Scale Structure of the Cosmos -- Stars are organised into galaxies which in turn appear to form clusters and superclusters, separated by voids. Prior to 1989 it was commonly assumed that the superclusters were the largest structures in existence, and that they were distributed more-or-less uniformly throughout the universe in every direction. However, in 1989, Margaret Geller and John Huchra discovered the "Great Wall", a sheet of galaxies more than 500 million light years long...

2004-10-19 04:45:44

Cosmology -- area of science that aims at a comprehensive theory of the structure and evolution of the entire physical universe. Modern Cosmological Theories Present models of the universe hold two fundamental premises: the cosmological principle and the dominant role of gravitation. Derived by Hubble, the cosmological principle holds that if a large enough sample of galaxies is considered, the universe looks the same from all positions and in all directions in space. The second point...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Redshift -- Redshift is the phenomenon that the frequency of light when observed, under certain circumstances, can be lower than the frequency of light when it was emitted at the source. This usually occurs when the source moves away from the observer, as in the Doppler effect. More specifically, the term redshift is used for the observation that the spectrum of light emitted by distant galaxies is shifted to lower frequencies (towards the red end of the spectrum, hence the name) when...

2004-10-19 04:45:42

Quasar -- A quasar (from quasi-stellar radio source) is an astronomical object that looks like a star in optical telescopes (i.e. it is a point source), but has a very high redshift. The general consensus is that this high redshift is cosmological, the result of Hubble's law and that their redshift indicates that they are typically very distant from Earth; we observe them as they were several billions of years ago. Since we can see them despite their distance, they must emit more...

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Word of the Day
  • A fudgelike confection of brown sugar, cream or milk, and chopped nuts.
'Penuche' is a variant of 'panocha,' a coarse grade of sugar made in Mexico. 'Panocha' probably comes from the Spanish 'panoja, panocha,' ear of grain.