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Field Campaign To Probe Ocean Ecology Carbon Cycle Kicked

Field Campaign To Probe Ocean Ecology, Carbon Cycle Kicked Off By NASA

NASA NASA embarks this week on a coordinated ship and aircraft observation campaign off the Atlantic coast of the United States, an effort to advance space-based capabilities for monitoring microscopic plants that form the base of the marine...

Latest Biological oceanography Stories

2014-07-17 12:22:22

WASHINGTON, July 17, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- NASA embarks this week on a coordinated ship and aircraft observation campaign off the Atlantic coast of the United States, an effort to advance space-based capabilities for monitoring microscopic plants that form the base of the marine food chain. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnvar/20081007/38461LOGO Phytoplankton, tiny ocean plants that absorb carbon dioxide and deliver oxygen to Earth's atmosphere, play a major role in the...

2014-07-15 23:00:18

NaturesMagicGift.com releases a review of Oceans Alive, a marine phytoplankton supplement that promises to improve overall health and cognitive function. Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) July 15, 2014 Oceans Alive 2.0 has created a huge amount of buzz recently in health and nutrition circles for its reformulated and improved marine phytoplankton formula. As a result, it has prompted an investigative review from Will DeMarco of NaturesMagicGift.com. “It has been well known for decades that marine...

Significant Harmful Algal Bloom In Western Lake Erie Predicted This Summer
2014-07-11 03:13:09

NOAA Headquarters NOAA and its research partners predict that western Lake Erie will have a significant bloom of cyanobacteria, a toxic blue-green algae, during the 2014 bloom season in late summer. However, the predicted bloom is expected to be smaller than last year's intense bloom, and considerably less than the record-setting 2011 bloom. Bloom impacts will vary across the lake's western basin and are classified by an estimate of both its concentration and how far it spreads....

Ocean's Most Abundant Organisms Have Clear Daily Cycles
2014-07-11 03:04:06

University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa Coordinated timing may have implications for energy transformation, ocean food web Imagine the open ocean as a microbial megacity, teeming with life too small to be seen. In every drop of water, hundreds of types of bacteria can be found.  Now scientists have discovered that communities of these ocean microbes have their own daily cycles—not unlike the residents of a bustling city who tend to wake up, commute, work, and eat at the same times....

Study Reveals Links Between Antarctic Climate And Food Chain
2014-07-08 03:24:51

By David Malmquist, Virginia Institute of Marine Science A long-term study of the links between climate and marine life along the rapidly warming West Antarctic Peninsula reveals how changes in physical factors such as wind speed and sea-ice cover send ripples up the food chain, with impacts on everything from single-celled algae to penguins. The study, published in today’s issue of Nature Communications, is authored by Dr. Grace Saba, an alumna of William & Mary’s Virginia...

Freshwater Fish Depend On Healthy Forests To Survive
2014-06-12 06:56:41

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The phrase "forest loss" or "deforestation" brings to mind negative impacts such as a loss in habitat, the release of greenhouse gases, soil erosion and economic hardships. Such negative outcomes are seen in many of the world's forests. One thing that doesn't come to mind is dying fish. A new study from the University of Cambridge, however, reveals exactly that problem: dying fish populations. As debris from a healthy forest washes...

Warming Climates Intensify Carbon Dioxide Given Out By Oceans
2014-06-09 03:23:28

University of Edinburgh Rising global temperatures could increase the amount of carbon dioxide naturally released by the world's oceans, fueling further climate change, a study suggests. Fresh insight into how the oceans can affect CO2 levels in the atmosphere shows that rising temperatures can indirectly increase the amount of the greenhouse gas emitted by the oceans. Scientists studied a 26,000-year-old sediment core taken from the Gulf of California to find out how the ocean's...

How Do Phytoplankton Survive When A Critical Nutrient Is Hard To Find?
2014-06-06 03:50:45

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution New study up-ends conventional wisdom Phytoplankton—tiny, photosynthetic organisms—are essential to life on Earth, supplying us with roughly half the oxygen we breathe. Like all other life forms, phytoplankton require the element phosphorus to carry out critical cellular activity, but in some parts of the world’s ocean, P is in limited supply. How do phytoplankton survive when phosphorus is difficult to find? Phytoplankton can alter...

How Does Red Tide Knock Out Its Competition?
2014-06-05 03:05:40

By Brett Israel, Georgia Institute of Technology New research reveals how the algae behind red tide thoroughly disables – but doesn't kill – other species of algae. The study shows how chemical signaling between algae can trigger big changes in the marine ecosystem. Marine algae fight other species of algae for nutrients and light, and, ultimately, survival. The algae that cause red tides, the algal blooms that color blue ocean waters red, carry an arsenal of molecules that disable...

Iron From Melting Ice Sheets Could Buffer Global Warming
2014-05-21 03:19:14

University of Bristol A newly-discovered source of oceanic bioavailable iron could have a major impact on our understanding of marine food chains and global warming. A UK team, including researchers from the University of Bristol, has found that summer meltwaters from ice sheets are rich in iron, which will have important implications on phytoplankton growth. Their findings are reported today in Nature Communications. It is well known that bioavailable iron boosts phytoplankton growth...


Latest Biological oceanography Reference Libraries

Ocean Acidification
2013-04-01 10:32:20

Ocean acidification is the name that was given to the ongoing decrease in the pH of Earth’s oceans, a cause of the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. About 30 to 40 percent of the carbon dioxide that is released by humans into the atmosphere dissolves into the lakes, oceans, and rivers. To maintain the chemical equilibrium, some of it reacts with the water to create carbonic acid. Some of these extra carbonic acid molecules react with a water molecule to provide a...

45_9dcdfc9da62991a8f200f2f82f8638d9
2014-01-12 00:00:00

A salp is a barrel-shaped, free-floating tunicate (any living organism which has a saclike body enclosed in a thick membrane or tunic with two openings or siphons for the ingress and egress of water). It moves by contracting which pumps water through its body. The salp strains the water with internal feeding filters as it goes through the body. It consumes phytoplankton that are strained from the water. Salps are common throughout equatorial, temperate, and colder seas. They are most often...

39_6e87e3fa1b5a996861bc65cc76c916fa
2007-04-03 00:34:20

The South American pilchard, Sardinops sagax, is a sardine of the Family Clupeidae, the only member of the genus Sardinops, found in the indo-Pacific oceans. Their length is up to 15.75 in (40 cm). It has a number of other common names: Australian pilchard, Blue pilchard, Blue-bait, Californian pilchard, Chilean sardine, Japanese pilchard, Pacific sardine, and Southern African pilchard. The South American pilchard is a coastal species that forms large schools. Coloration is blue green on...

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