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Latest Biological oceanography Stories

Fish Poop May Be Critical To Ocean Carbon Cycle
2012-10-11 12:28:11

Alan McStravick for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Professor Deborah Steinberg of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science (VIMS) has dedicated her professional life to investigating crustaceans and their role in the “biological pump,” which is the process by which marine life transports carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and ocean´s surface to the deep sea. This cycle removes the carbon to a depth where it contributes nothing to global warming. In a new study...

2012-10-01 12:09:50

Scientists at the University of Rhode Island's Graduate School of Oceanography have made the first observation of a predator avoidance behavior by a species of phytoplankton, a microscopic marine plant. Susanne Menden-Deuer, associate professor of oceanography, and doctoral student Elizabeth Harvey made the unexpected observation while studying the interactions between phytoplankton and zooplankton. Their discovery will be published in the September 28 issue of the journal PLOS ONE. "It...

Coral Reefs Will Suffer If Climate Change Goes Unchecked
2012-09-17 12:17:18

Brett Smith for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Time may be running out for the world´s coral reefs which could be severely victimized by rising global temperatures and carbon dioxide levels, according to a new report in Nature Climate Change. "Our findings show that under current assumptions regarding thermal sensitivity, coral reefs might no longer be prominent coastal ecosystems if global mean temperatures actually exceed 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 Fahrenheit) above the...

rhabdopleura-compacta-colony
2012-09-08 08:09:09

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online "Out with the old and in with the new" is an adage we have all heard and probably lived by in this world of fast changing technology and fads.  But some tiny sea critters are showing us, newer isn't always better. Rhabdopleurids are small worm shaped animals that live on the ocean floor.  They build tube like homes of collagen on the shells of dead clams.  Rhabdopleurid colonies are small, and they are definitely not...

Impact From Humans Felt On Black Sea Long Before Industrial Era
2012-09-04 14:44:23

When WHOI geologist Liviu Giosan first reconstructed the history of how the Danube River built its delta, he was presented with a puzzle. In the delta´s early stages of development, the river deposited its sediment within a protected bay. As the delta expanded onto the Black Sea shelf in the late Holocene and was exposed to greater waves and currents, rather than seeing the decline in sediment storage that he expected, Giosan found the opposite. The delta continued to grow. In fact,...

2012-08-21 22:48:21

Life in the world´s oceans faces far greater change and risk of large-scale extinctions than at any previous time in human history, a team of the world´s leading marine scientists has warned. The researchers from Australia, the US, Canada, Germany, Panama, Norway and the UK have compared events which drove massive extinctions of sea life in the past with what is observed to be taking place in the seas and oceans globally today. Three of the five largest extinctions of the past...

2012-08-03 23:00:03

Association with the open water swimming community helps guide company in providing safe and effective jellyfish and marine sting first aid products. Ocean City, NJ (PRWEB) August 03, 2012 Ocean Care Solutions, specializing in State of the Art Marine Life First Aid Kits and jellyfish sting relief solutions, works in concert with U.S., Asian and European swimming associations along with world class competitors to test and provide the latest, most comprehensively effective sting relief aid...

'Red Tide' Species Deadlier Than First Thought
2012-07-25 15:15:43

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online A researcher at the University of Connecticut and his team have discovered that a species of tiny aquatic organism prominent in harmful algal blooms sometimes called "red tide" is even deadlier than first thought, with potential consequences for entire marine food chains. Professor Hans Dam along with his research group in the school's Department of Marine Sciences have discovered that the plankton species Alexandrium tamarense...

Arctic Waters Invaded By Tropical Plankton
2012-07-25 08:29:52

Researchers see natural cycle; but questions arise on climate change For the first time, scientists have identified tropical and subtropical species of marine protozoa living in the Arctic Ocean. Apparently, they traveled thousands of miles on Atlantic currents and ended up above Norway with an unusual–but naturally cyclic–pulse of warm water, not as a direct result of overall warming climate, say the researchers. On the other hand: arctic waters are warming rapidly, and such...

Ocean Fertilization Suffocates Carbon, Reduces Climate Change
2012-07-19 10:19:23

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The negative impact of climate change might be avoided by dumping massive amounts of iron into the world´s oceans, which smothers carbon dioxide for centuries, according to an international team of researchers who have recently published results of an ocean iron fertilization experiment (EIFEX) carried out in 2004. The new study, published in the science journal Nature, shows that sowing the ocean with iron particles sucks up...


Latest Biological oceanography Reference Libraries

Ocean Acidification
2013-04-01 10:32:20

Ocean acidification is the name that was given to the ongoing decrease in the pH of Earth’s oceans, a cause of the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. About 30 to 40 percent of the carbon dioxide that is released by humans into the atmosphere dissolves into the lakes, oceans, and rivers. To maintain the chemical equilibrium, some of it reacts with the water to create carbonic acid. Some of these extra carbonic acid molecules react with a water molecule to provide a...

45_9dcdfc9da62991a8f200f2f82f8638d9
2014-01-12 00:00:00

A salp is a barrel-shaped, free-floating tunicate (any living organism which has a saclike body enclosed in a thick membrane or tunic with two openings or siphons for the ingress and egress of water). It moves by contracting which pumps water through its body. The salp strains the water with internal feeding filters as it goes through the body. It consumes phytoplankton that are strained from the water. Salps are common throughout equatorial, temperate, and colder seas. They are most often...

39_6e87e3fa1b5a996861bc65cc76c916fa
2007-04-03 00:34:20

The South American pilchard, Sardinops sagax, is a sardine of the Family Clupeidae, the only member of the genus Sardinops, found in the indo-Pacific oceans. Their length is up to 15.75 in (40 cm). It has a number of other common names: Australian pilchard, Blue pilchard, Blue-bait, Californian pilchard, Chilean sardine, Japanese pilchard, Pacific sardine, and Southern African pilchard. The South American pilchard is a coastal species that forms large schools. Coloration is blue green on...

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Word of the Day
caparison
  • A cloth or covering, more or less ornamented, laid over the saddle or furniture of a horse, especially of a sumpter-horse or horse of state.
  • Clothing, especially sumptuous clothing; equipment; outfit.
  • To cover with a caparison, as a horse.
  • To dress sumptuously; adorn with rich dress.
This word ultimately comes from the Medieval Latin 'cappa,' cloak.
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