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Latest Biological oceanography Stories

Microorganisms In Sea Spray Alter Ability Of Ocean To Seed Clouds
2013-04-23 11:09:06

April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online The ability of sea spray to form clouds over the ocean is influenced by ocean biology which alters the chemical composition of the spray. A team of scientists from the University of California, San Diego, is using a new approach to study tiny atmospheric particles called aerosols. These aerosols can influence climate by absorbing or reflecting sunlight and seeding clouds. "After many decades of attempting to understand how the ocean...

Effects Of Changing Ocean pH May Result In Increase In The Hearing Sensitivity Of Fish
2013-04-19 14:26:57

University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science Ocean acidification, which occurs as CO2 is absorbed by the world's oceans, is known to negatively impact a wide variety of marine animals ranging from massive corals to microscopic plankton. However, there is much less information about how fish may be impacted by acidification, should carbon emissions continue to rise as a result of human activities. In a new study published in the Proceedings of the National...

Antarctic Ecosystem Caused Rapid Evolution 041913
2013-04-19 09:39:52

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online The development of the sea-ice ecosystem in the circum-Antarctic Southern Ocean may have triggered further adaptation and evolution of larger organisms such as baleen whales and penguins, according to a new study published Thursday in the journal Science. The area´s ecosystem can be traced back to the emergence of the Antarctic ice sheets some 33.6 million years ago and plays an important role in global marine food webs and...

Research Now Allows Fishermen To Harvest Lucrative Shellfish On Georges Bank
2013-04-11 09:51:25

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Combined research efforts by scientists involved in the Gulf of Maine Toxicity (GOMTOX) project, funded by NOAA´s Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms (ECOHAB) program, and administered by the National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS), have led to enhanced understanding of toxic algal blooms on Georges Bank. This new information, coupled with an at-sea and dockside testing protocol developed through collaboration between GOMTOX...

Sea Urchins Prepared For Future Climate Change
2013-04-10 05:47:43

[ Watch the Video: Ocean Babies on Acid - The Time Machine ] Lee Rannals for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Scientists have uncovered some surprising abilities in sea urchins living along the coast of California and Oregon. A group from Stanford discovered that some purple sea urchins have the ability to rapidly evolve in acidic ocean water, which is a skill that could come in handy as climate change increases. This ability allows urchins to have healthy growth in water with...

Key Role In Marine Ecosystem Health Played By Tiny Grazers
2013-04-03 10:55:32

USGS Tiny sea creatures no bigger than a thumbtack are being credited for playing a key role in helping provide healthy habitats for many kinds of seafood, according to a new study by the Virginia Institute of Marine Science and U.S. Geological Survey. The little crustacean “grazers,” some resembling tiny shrimp, are critical in protecting seagrasses from overgrowth by algae, helping keep these aquatic havens healthy for native and economically important species. ...

Algae Blooms Could Be A Sign Of Things To Come
2013-04-02 04:43:11

redOrbit Staff & Wire Reports - Your Universe Online Instead of being an isolated occurrence, a record-breaking 2011 algae bloom in Lake Erie could be a harbinger of things to come, researchers report in this week's online early edition of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). The hazardous algae bloom — the largest in the recorded history of Lake Erie — was likely caused by long-term changes to farming practices in combination with weather...

Ocean Plankton Gobbling Up Twice The Carbon As Previously Believed
2013-03-18 11:06:17

Lawrence LeBlond for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online Carbon dioxide is the leading driver of disruptive climate change on a global scale. And without the help of some organisms in the natural world the global climate could be a lot worse than it is now. Now, new research shows that trillions of plankton near the surface of warm waters are more carbon-rich than previously believed. These researchers, led by scientists at the University of California-Irvine, suggest that the tiny...

2013-03-14 16:22:40

A European consortium develops a novel technology to monitor and control harmful algae blooms. ZOETERMEER, The Netherlands, March 14, 2013 /PRNewswire-iReach/ -- The patented LG Sonic MPC ensures fast and efficient algae control by combining online water quality monitoring, telemetering and ultrasonic technologies to provide the state-of-the-art treatment against algae and cyanobacteria in ponds, lakes and dams. (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130314/CG77499) Under the...

Unique Experiment Uses Huge Plastic Containers To Study Ocean Acidification
2013-03-13 16:08:19

AlphaGalileo Foundation To study the effects of ocean acidification, ten huge plastic containers called mesocosms are placed in the Gullmar Fjord in Sweden. The project is unique: mesocosms of this size have never been used for such a long period of time. The experiment is part of a worldwide research project, and includes researchers from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. This is the largest and longest experiment on the impact of climate change on marine ecosystems that have been...


Latest Biological oceanography Reference Libraries

Ocean Acidification
2013-04-01 10:32:20

Ocean acidification is the name that was given to the ongoing decrease in the pH of Earth’s oceans, a cause of the uptake of anthropogenic carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. About 30 to 40 percent of the carbon dioxide that is released by humans into the atmosphere dissolves into the lakes, oceans, and rivers. To maintain the chemical equilibrium, some of it reacts with the water to create carbonic acid. Some of these extra carbonic acid molecules react with a water molecule to provide a...

45_9dcdfc9da62991a8f200f2f82f8638d9
2014-01-12 00:00:00

A salp is a barrel-shaped, free-floating tunicate (any living organism which has a saclike body enclosed in a thick membrane or tunic with two openings or siphons for the ingress and egress of water). It moves by contracting which pumps water through its body. The salp strains the water with internal feeding filters as it goes through the body. It consumes phytoplankton that are strained from the water. Salps are common throughout equatorial, temperate, and colder seas. They are most...

39_6e87e3fa1b5a996861bc65cc76c916fa
2007-04-03 00:34:20

The South American pilchard, Sardinops sagax, is a sardine of the Family Clupeidae, the only member of the genus Sardinops, found in the indo-Pacific oceans. Their length is up to 15.75 in (40 cm). It has a number of other common names: Australian pilchard, Blue pilchard, Blue-bait, Californian pilchard, Chilean sardine, Japanese pilchard, Pacific sardine, and Southern African pilchard. The South American pilchard is a coastal species that forms large schools. Coloration is blue green on...

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