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Biology Reference Libraries

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William Beebe
2014-01-07 10:37:00

William Beebe was an American who held many titles including naturalist, marine biologist, ornithologist, explorer, and author. He is most famous for the many expeditions he led for the New York Zoological Society, his scientific writings, and his deep dives within the Bathysphere. Beebe was born Charles William Beebe in Brooklyn, New York in 1877. In his early life, The American Museum of...

Silver vine Actinidia polygama
2014-01-05 10:47:29

Actinidia polygama is a flowering plant species. The species may also be commonly referred to as the Silver vine or Cat powder. The plant belongs to the Actinidiaceae family. A. polygama can be found naturally growing in Japan and China. Actinidia polygama vines grow between 16 and 19 feet. Its leaves grow between 2.3 and 5.1 inches long. The species’ leaves appear silver and white in...

Variegated kiwi vine Actinidia kolomikta
2014-01-04 15:22:59

Actinidia kolomikta is a very hardy, flowering vine species. The species belongs to the Actinidiaceae family and may also be referred to commonly as the Variegated kiwi vine. A. kolomikta can be found in Russia, Korea, Japan and China. Actinidia kolomikta vines are fast-growing and reach between 26 and 33 feet. The plant produces fragrant, white flowers that can be seen blooming in early...

Melissophobia
2013-12-24 11:13:46

Melissophobia or the fear of bees, from Greek melissa, meaning honey bee and phobos, meaning fear, and sometimes misspelled as melissaphobia and known also as apiphobia, is one of the most common fears among people and is kind of a specific phobia. The majority of the population have been stung by a bee or had friends or family members stung. A child may fall victim to a bee sting while...

Diadema setosum
2013-11-21 12:27:30

Diadema setosum is a species of long-spined sea urchin in the family Diadematidae. It’s a typical sea urchin, which exceptionally long and hollow spines that are mildly venomous. D. setosum is different from other Diadema with five distinctive white colored dots that can be found on its body. The species is located throughout the Indo-Pacific region, from Australia and Africa to Japan and the...

Sea Potato Echinocardium cordatum
2013-11-14 13:16:11

The Sea Potato (Echinocardium cordatum) is a sea urchin belonging to the family Loveniidae. It’s located in sub-tidal regions in temperate seas around the globe and resides buried in the sandy sea floor. The sea potato is a heart-shaped urchin clothed in a dense mat of furrowed yellowish colored spines which grow from tubercles and mainly point backwards. The upper surface is flattened and...

Red Urchin Astropyga radiata
2013-11-14 12:40:05

The Red Urchin, False Fire Urchin, Fire Urchin or Blue Spotted Urchin (Astropyga radiata) is a species of sea urchin belonging to the family Diadematidae. It’s a large species with long spines and is found within the tropical Indo-Pacific region. It was initially described in 1778 by the German naturalist Nathaniel Gottfried Leske. This species is a large urchin with a test diameter of up...

Hatpin Urchin Centrostephanus longispinus
2013-11-14 12:05:28

The Hatpin Urchin (Centrostephanus longispinus) is a species of sea urchin belonging to the family Diadematidae. There are two subspecies, Centrostephanus l. longispinus, found in the eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean Sea and Centrostephanus I. rubricingulus, found in the western Atlantic. In the year 1940, Mortenson believed that C. longispinus and C. rubricingulus were closely related...

Serpent Star Ophiura ophiura
2013-11-11 10:45:41

The serpent star (Ophiura ophiura) is a species of brittle star that is classified within the Ophiuridae family. It can be found along northwestern coasts of Europe with a range that includes the waters around Sweden, Norway, Madeira, and the Mediterranean Sea. It prefers a habitat in sandy areas at depths of up to 656 feet. This species is typically abundant throughout its range, occurring at...

Paleontology
2014-01-12 00:00:00

Paleontology or Palaeontology is the scientific study of prehistoric life, including the study of fossils to determine the organisms evolution and interactions with each other and their environments. Paleontological observations have been documented as far back as 5th century BC. The science became established in the 18th century as a result of Georges Cuvier’s work on comparative anatomy,...

Word of the Day
tessitura
  • The prevailing range of a vocal or instrumental part, within which most of the tones lie.
This word is Italian in origin and comes from the Latin 'textura,' web, structure.