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Biology Reference Libraries

Page 13 of about 1458 Articles
Conchology
2013-10-02 11:16:44

Conchology, a branch of malacology, is the study of mollusk shells including seashells, freshwater and land mollusk shells, and gastropod operculums. Conchologists, those who practice conchology, study the shells four main groups of mollusks including bivalves and gastropods as wells as chitons and tusk shells. The study of mollusk is shells is sometimes thought to be outdated, because a...

Enviropig
2013-10-02 09:09:32

Enviropig is the trademark for a genetically modified line of Yorkshire pigs with the capability to digest plant phosphorus more efficiently than ordinary unmodified pigs that was developed at the University of Guelph. The benefits of the Enviropig, if commercialized, include reduced feed cost and reduced phosphorus pollution as compared to the raising of ordinary pigs. Enviropigs create the...

Herman The Bull
2013-10-02 08:47:12

Herman the Bull was the first genetically modified or transgenic bovine in the world. The publication of Herman’s creation caused an ethical storm. At the early embryo stage, Herman was genetically engineered within a laboratory by Gen Pharm International of Mountain View, California. Scientists microinjected cells with the human gene coding for lactoferrin. The Dutch Parliament changed...

Blue Rose
2013-10-02 08:33:40

A Blue Rose is a flower of the genus Rosa belonging to the family Rosaceae that presents blue to violet pigmentation instead of the more common white, red, or yellow coloration. Blue roses are frequently portrayed in literature and art as a symbol of love and prosperity to those who seek it, but don’t exist in nature as a result of genetic limitations. In 2004, researchers utilized genetic...

Genetically Modified Wheat
2013-10-02 07:20:35

Genetically Modified Wheat is wheat that has been genetically engineered by the direct manipulation of its genome utilizing biotechnology. It has also been termed GMO wheat, GMO standing for genetically modified organism. As of the year 2013, no GM wheat is grown commercially, but many field tests have been performed. Wheat is an important domesticated grass that is used around the world for...

Myrmecology
2013-09-30 16:20:45

Myrmecology, a branch of entomology, is the study of ants that has focused on many factors about ants, including evolution and social systems. William Morton Wheeler first used the term myrmecology, but the study of ants predates the usage of the term, going back to ancient references of ants. Auguste Forel, a Swiss psychologist, conducted the first scientific studies of ants, focusing on the...

Nematology
2013-09-30 13:49:26

Nematology is the study of nematodes, also known as roundworms, which first began in the nineteenth century. Like many fields of study, nematology began with ancient recordings and descriptions lacked elements of modern science. The oldest record of a nematode occurs in the Pentateuch in the fourth book of Moses known as Numbers. The reference, although not plainly stating roundworms or...

Ethology
2013-09-30 13:43:45

Ethology, a sub-topic of zoology, is the study of animal behavior that focuses on behavior in natural settings, as opposed to behaviourism, which focuses on the behavior of animals in laboratory settings. The term “ethology” is based off the Greek word ethos, which means character. It was first made popular in 1902 by William Morton Wheeler, an American myrmecologist, but the term was...

Paleozoology
2013-09-30 13:34:57

Paleozoology, also spelled Palaeozoology, is a branch of many other sciences including zoology and paleontology that focuses on recovering cellular matter from animal remains that are large enough to be seen without the help of a microscope, known as macrofossils. This study is primarily used in the context of archeology and geology and aids in recreating ancient ecosystems and prehistoric...

Zooarchaeology
2013-09-30 13:29:48

Zooarchaeology is the study of animal remains including shells, bones, hides, scales, DNA, chitin, and hair. Shells and bones are most frequently studied because these do not decay at a fast rate, but most remains do not survive because they break or decompose. In eastern areas of North America, Zooarchaeology developed over three periods. The first, known as the Formative period, occurred in...

Word of the Day
Cthulhu
  • A gigantic fictional humanoid alien god being described with a head resembling an octopus and dragon wings and claws, around whom an insane cult developed.
  • Pertaining to the mythos of Cthulhu and additional otherworldly beings created by H. P. Lovecraft or inspired by his writings and imitators.
This word was invented in 1926 by H.P. Lovecraft for his short story, 'The Call of Cthulhu.' 'Cthulhu' may be based on the word 'chthonic,' which in Greek mythology refers to the underworld.
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