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Biology Reference Libraries

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Genetically Modified Wheat
2013-10-02 07:20:35

Genetically Modified Wheat is wheat that has been genetically engineered by the direct manipulation of its genome utilizing biotechnology. It has also been termed GMO wheat, GMO standing for genetically modified organism. As of the year 2013, no GM wheat is grown commercially, but many field tests have been performed. Wheat is an important domesticated grass that is used around the world for...

Myrmecology
2013-09-30 16:20:45

Myrmecology, a branch of entomology, is the study of ants that has focused on many factors about ants, including evolution and social systems. William Morton Wheeler first used the term myrmecology, but the study of ants predates the usage of the term, going back to ancient references of ants. Auguste Forel, a Swiss psychologist, conducted the first scientific studies of ants, focusing on the...

Nematology
2013-09-30 13:49:26

Nematology is the study of nematodes, also known as roundworms, which first began in the nineteenth century. Like many fields of study, nematology began with ancient recordings and descriptions lacked elements of modern science. The oldest record of a nematode occurs in the Pentateuch in the fourth book of Moses known as Numbers. The reference, although not plainly stating roundworms or...

Ethology
2013-09-30 13:43:45

Ethology, a sub-topic of zoology, is the study of animal behavior that focuses on behavior in natural settings, as opposed to behaviourism, which focuses on the behavior of animals in laboratory settings. The term “ethology” is based off the Greek word ethos, which means character. It was first made popular in 1902 by William Morton Wheeler, an American myrmecologist, but the term was...

Paleozoology
2013-09-30 13:34:57

Paleozoology, also spelled Palaeozoology, is a branch of many other sciences including zoology and paleontology that focuses on recovering cellular matter from animal remains that are large enough to be seen without the help of a microscope, known as macrofossils. This study is primarily used in the context of archeology and geology and aids in recreating ancient ecosystems and prehistoric...

Zooarchaeology
2013-09-30 13:29:48

Zooarchaeology is the study of animal remains including shells, bones, hides, scales, DNA, chitin, and hair. Shells and bones are most frequently studied because these do not decay at a fast rate, but most remains do not survive because they break or decompose. In eastern areas of North America, Zooarchaeology developed over three periods. The first, known as the Formative period, occurred in...

Homo sapiens idaltu
2013-09-24 12:20:45

Homo sapiens idaltu is an extinct subspecies of Homo sapiens that lived nearly 160,000 years ago during the Pleistocene in Africa. “Idaltu” comes from the Saho-Afar word meaning “elder” or “first born”. The fossilized remains of H. s. idaltu were uncovered at Herto Bouri near the Middle Awash site of Ethiopia’s Afar Triangle in the year 1997 by Tim White, but were first...

Heirloom plant
2013-09-20 13:16:15

Heirloom plants are plants that were grown centuries ago, handed down through the generations, and are still grown today without genetic modification. Heirloom plants maintain their traits year after year even though they are subjected to open pollination. Growing heirlooms is becoming more popular in North America and Europe because of their resistance to disease, pests, and extreme weather....

Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin Tursiops aduncus
2013-09-19 11:24:25

The Indo-Pacific bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops aduncus) is one of three recognized species of bottlenose dolphin that can be found in the waters near southern Australia, South China, and India. Its range also includes the Red Sea and the eastern coastal areas of Africa. All bottlenose dolphins were classified as one species, the common bottlenose dolphin or T. truncates, until 1998 when the...

Common Noctule Nyctalus noctula
2013-09-17 13:48:36

The common noctule bat is commonly found in Europe, Asia, and North Africa. This bat has a body length of three inches with a wingspan of approximately 14 inches. It is the largest bat found in Europe. It commonly lives in forests but due to human growth there have been populations found in towns dwelling in buildings such as church steeples. The common noctule starts to hunt and fly at dusk...

Word of the Day
drawcansir
  • A blustering, bullying fellow; a pot-valiant braggart; a bully.
This word is named for Draw-Can-Sir, a character in George Villiers' 17th century play The Rehearsal.
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