Biology Reference Libraries

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The Eastern Cape blue cycad Encephalartos horridus
2013-11-04 09:31:52

The Eastern Cape blue cycad (Encephalartos horridus) is a small, cycad species plant. The plant is found in the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa. This low-growing plant prefers arid shrubland with shallow soil. The name “horridus,” meaning bristly, is derived from its spiky, stiff leaflets. The Eastern Cape blue cycad has a unique coloration in its bluish/gray leaves -- colors may...

Drakensberg Cycad Encephalartos ghellinckii
2013-11-04 09:23:21

Encephalartos ghellinckii is an evergreen species of cycad plant. The species is a member of the Zamiaceae family. The plant is native to KwaZulu-Natal and northern Transkei in Africa and it is found in three separate yet distinct areas. Commonly the E. ghellinckii inhabits stream banks, steep grassy slopes and sandstone outcrops. Habitats range from foothills to fairly high altitudes. The...

Encephalartos ferox
2013-11-04 09:13:57

Encephalartos ferox is a small species cycad plant from the Zamiaceae family. Its name is derived from the Latin word "ferocious," likely due to spine-tipped lobes on the leaves of the plant. E. ferox has a subterranean trunk that averages about 13.77 inches wide. It's been observed to grow up to 3 feet in height. It has contracting roots and it is thought that this happens to help prevent...

Eastern Cape Dwarf Cycad Encephalartos caffer
2013-11-04 08:59:11

Encephalartos caffer is commonly referred to as the Eastern Cape dwarf cycad. It is a rare plant from the genus Encephalartos. The Eastern Cape dwarf cycad typically has an underground stem with a small area jutting through the soil. The stem is very rarely branched, and can be up to 15.75 inches long. Growing from the top are long dark green leaves up to 3 feet long. These leaves have a...

Breadtree Encephalartos altensteinii
2013-11-04 08:47:31

Encephalartos altensteinii is a cycad plant species that resembles a palm. It belongs to the family Zamiaceae. Common names of the plant are the Breadtree, Broodbroom, and the Eastern cape giant cycad. The species name, altensteinii, is homage to Altenstein, a German patron of science and chancellor from the 19th Century. It is he who is credited for the plant's discovery. E. altensteinii...

Barnum Brown
2013-10-14 11:03:30

Barnum Brown (February 12, 1873 – February 5, 1963) was an American Paleontologist best known for his contributions to the American Museum of Natural History, and his discovery of the first documented Tyrannosaurus rex remains. Brown was known less as a published paleontologist and more often as an energetic excavator, perhaps the greatest fossil collector of all time. Barnum Brown was...

Copse Snail Arianta arbustorum
2013-10-14 10:29:48

The Copse Snail (Arianta arbustorum) is a medium-sized species of land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk belonging to the family Helicidae. There are several subspecies that are recognized: A. a. alpicola, A. a. arbustorum, A. a. canigonensis, A. a. picea, A. a. pseudorudis, A. a. repellini, A. a. styriaca, and A. a. vareliensis. This species is native to Europe and can be...

White Lipped Snail Cepaea hortensis
2013-10-14 10:25:23

The White-lipped Snail (Cepaea hortensis) is a medium sized species of air breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk. It’s a close relative of the grove snail. The White-lipped Snail is fairly smaller than the grove snail, the shell usually being about 1 inch in maximum dimension. Like the grove snail, it has substantial variability in shell color and banding;...

Edward Drinker Cope
2013-10-14 10:26:18

Edward Drinker Cope (July 28, 1840 – April 12, 1897) was an American Paleontologist and a founder of the Neo-Lamarckism school of thought. Despite little formal scientific training, Cope was one of the most prolific researchers in his field, publishing 1,400 papers during his lifetime. His expeditions and dedication enabled him to discover, describe and name more than 1,000 vertebrate...

Helicigona lapicida
2013-10-14 09:29:55

Helicigona lapicida is a species of medium-sized, air-breathing land snail, a terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusk belonging to the family Helicidae, the typical snails. This species of snail constructs and utilizes love darts while mating. It is native to Europe, particularly central Europe. It can be found in west and central Europe, Great Britain, north England, Scotland, Latvia,...

Word of the Day
  • The navel or umbilicus.
  • In Greek archaeology: A central boss, as on a shield, a bowl, etc.
  • A sacred stone in the temple of Apollo at Delphi, believed by the Greeks to mark the 'navel' or exact center-point of the earth.
'Omphalos' comes from the ancient Greek.