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Biology Reference Libraries

Page 17 of about 1505 Articles
GloFish
2013-10-03 10:12:03

The GloFish is a patented and trademarked brand of genetically modified fluorescent fish. Various GloFish are currently on the market. Zebrafish were the first GloFish that were available within pet stores and are now sold in bright green, red, orange-yellow, blue, and purple fluorescent colors. Recently, Electric Green, Sunburst Orange, and Moonrise Pink colored tetra (Gymnocorymbus ternetzi)...

Flavr Savr
2013-10-03 09:43:32

Flavr Savr, also known as CGN-89564, a genetically modified tomato, was the first commercially grown genetically engineered food to be granted a license for human consumption. It was produced by the Californian company Calgene, and submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in 1992. On May 18, 1994, the FDA completed its evaluation of the Flavr Savr tomato and the usage of APH(3’)II,...

Golden Rice
2013-10-02 14:11:48

Golden Rice is a variety of Oryza sativa rice produced  through genetic engineering to biosynthesize beta-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A, in the edible parts of the rice. The research was conducted with the goal of producing a fortified food to be grown and consumed in areas with a shortage of dietary vitamin A, a deficiency which is estimated to kill 670,000 children under five years old...

Roundup Ready Soybean
2013-10-02 13:09:21

Roundup Ready Soybean, GTS 40-3-2, is a genetically engineered variety of glyphosate-resistant soybeans created by Monsanto. Glyphosate kills plants by obstructing the synthesis of the essential amino acids phenylaline, tyrosine, and tryptophan. These amino acids are referred to as “essential” due to the fact that animals cannot make them; only plants and micro-organisms can make them...

Vistive Gold
2013-10-02 12:54:36

Vistive Gold, MON 87705, is a genetically engineered variety of glyphosate-resistant low-linolenic, high-oleic soybeans created by Monsanto. Vistive Gold was designed to be a replacement for hydrogenated oils and fats, which are high in trans-fatty acids. The decreased linolenic content enables Vistive Gold to have favorable traits for deep frying and increasing the shelf life of foods....

Cetology
2013-10-02 11:21:29

Cetology is a branch of marine mammal science that studies about eighty species of dolphins, whales, and porpoise, all of which are classified within the Cetacea order. Cetologists, who practice cetology, work to understand the distribution, development, behavior, and other aspects of cetaceans. The study of cetaceans began in the Classical era. About 2,300 years ago, Aristotle documented...

Knockout Mouse
2013-10-02 11:52:01

A Knockout Mouse is a genetically engineered mouse in which researchers have inactivated, or “knocked out,” an existing gene by replacing it or disrupting it with an artificial piece of DNA. The loss of gene activity frequently causes changes in a mouse’s phenotype, which includes appearance, behavior, or other apparent and biochemical characteristics. Knockout mice are significant...

Conchology
2013-10-02 11:16:44

Conchology, a branch of malacology, is the study of mollusk shells including seashells, freshwater and land mollusk shells, and gastropod operculums. Conchologists, those who practice conchology, study the shells four main groups of mollusks including bivalves and gastropods as wells as chitons and tusk shells. The study of mollusk is shells is sometimes thought to be outdated, because a...

Enviropig
2013-10-02 09:09:32

Enviropig is the trademark for a genetically modified line of Yorkshire pigs with the capability to digest plant phosphorus more efficiently than ordinary unmodified pigs that was developed at the University of Guelph. The benefits of the Enviropig, if commercialized, include reduced feed cost and reduced phosphorus pollution as compared to the raising of ordinary pigs. Enviropigs create the...

Herman The Bull
2013-10-02 08:47:12

Herman the Bull was the first genetically modified or transgenic bovine in the world. The publication of Herman’s creation caused an ethical storm. At the early embryo stage, Herman was genetically engineered within a laboratory by Gen Pharm International of Mountain View, California. Scientists microinjected cells with the human gene coding for lactoferrin. The Dutch Parliament changed...

Word of the Day
swell-mobsman
  • A member of the swell-mob; a genteelly clad pickpocket. Sometimes mobsman.
Use of the word 'swell-mobsman' dates at least to the early 1800s.